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Anowara Upazila


Anowara Upazila (chittagong district) area 164.13 sq km, located in between 22°07' and 22°16' north latitudes and in between 91°49' and 91°58' east longitudes. It is bounded by patiya upazila on the north, banshkhali upazila on the south, chandanaish upazila on the east and Chittagong bandar thana and bay of bengal on the west.

Population Total 228530; male 116642, female 111888; Muslim 192564, Hindu 33867, Buddhist 39, Christian 1649 and others 411.

Water bodies Main rivers: karnafuli and sangu.

Administration Anowara Thana was formed in 1876 and it was turned into an upazila in 1982.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

-

10

85

75

4670

223860

1392

65.9

46.7

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

3.34

1

4670

1398

65.9

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Anowara 9

1871

4886

4682

62.18

Chatari 66

3265

9265

8680

53.96

Paraikora 85

3935

9642

9106

57.49

Battali 57

2935

10930

10124

46.93

Barakhain 28

4378

13900

13811

50.09

Barasat 38

3208

13707

12947

53.89

Burumchhara 47

5927

166638

16599

35.97

Bairag 19

4013

7514

6964

43.39

Roypur 95

5721

16983

15938

32.81

Haildhar 76

3885

13177

13042

51.48

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Dargah of Mohsin Awlia, Akbari Mosque, Churut Bibi Mosque, Dhala Bibi Mosque, Monu Miah's canon (now preserved in the National Museum) and Dighi.

History of the War of Liberation In 1971 Anwara upazila was under sector 1. During the War of Liberation 56 freedom fighters and many a number of Pak army were killed or wounded in encounters at different places like KAFCO, Kaliganj, Paraikora, etc. The Pak army brutally killed 9 innocent persons at village Khilpara and they also set on fire many houses of the Upazila.

AnwaraUpazila.jpg

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass killing site 3 (kafco, Kaliganj, Paraikora).

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 47.2%; male 52.4%, female 41.8%. Educational institutions: college 4, technical college 1, secondary school 34. Noted educational institutions: Shahid Anowara College, Anowara Ideal High School (1899), Paraikora Nayantara High School (1918), Battali Shah Mohsen Aoulia High School (1924), Anowara Girls' High School (1941), Gujra Nittanondh High School (1943), Tailar Dwip Barkhain Airali Khan High School (1959), Marine Academy.

Newspapers and periodicals Fortnightly: Abichal.

Cultural organizations Club 15, theatre group 2, opera party 1, playground 15.

Tourist spots Parki sea beach.

Main sources of income Agriculture 41.25%, non-agricultural labourer 3.38%, commerce 15.38%, transport and communication 3.26%, service 16.46%, industry 0.46%, construction 1.42%, religious service 0.60%, rent and remittance 3.60% and others 14.19%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 48.78%, landless 51.22%; agricultural landowner: urban 45.05% and rural 48.86%.

Main crops Paddy, potato, brinjal, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Muk pulse.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, guava.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries This upazila has a number of fisheries, dairies, poultries and hatchery (chicken).'

Communication facilities Pucca road 28.32 km, semi-pucca road 59 km, mud road 409.31 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin.

Manufactories KAFCO (karnafuli fertiliser company), CUFL fertilizer factory.

Cottage industries Potteries, Nakshi Kantha making, bamboo work, cane work, wood work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 5; most noted of which are Minnat Ali Duvashi Hat, Kalu Majhi Hat.

Main exports Fertilizer, fish.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 32.31% (rural 31.74% and urban 57.43%) dwellings have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 86.98%, pond 5.63%, tap 3.08% and others 4.31%.

Sanitation 43.44% (rural 42.98% and urban 63.96%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 46.32% (rural 46.74% and urban 27.82%) of dwelling houses use non-sanitary latrines; 14.24 of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health centre 2, satellite clinic 4, family welfare centre 10.

NGO activities brac, caritas, Prochesta, World Vision. [Golam Kibria Bhuiyan]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Anowara Upazila 2007.