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Austagram Upazila


Austagram Upazila (kishoreganj district) area 300.44 sq km, located in between 24°13' and 24°27' north latitudes and in between 90°59' and 90°15' east longitudes. It is bounded by mithamain upazila on the north, nasirnagar upazila on the south, lakhai upazila on the east, bajitpur upazila on the west.

Population Total 145552; male 74580, female 70972; Muslim 123116, Hindu 22347, Buddhist 16 and others 73.

Water bodies Main rivers: meghna, barak, Kalni, Ghorautra; noted beels: Padma, Topa, Bandra, Chamil, Mamda, Matihata, Dhopa, Mojana, Balian and Monkhola beel.

Administration Austagram Thana was formed in 1905 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

-

7

59

82

15550

130002

484

37.9

37.3

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

2.15

1

15550

7232

37.9

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Papulation Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Adampur 11

9386

11391

11045

35.38

Austagram 23

12699

16495

15353

41.83

Kalma 59

7062

5509

5735

46.94

Kastail 71

11139

8158

7375

30.32

Khayerpur Abdullahpur 83

15397

15175

14197

34.96

Deoghar 47

11290

10221

9920

36.58

Bangal Para 35

7042

7631

7347

36.29

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

AustagramUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Stone Mosque (c. 1446, Kastail), Kutub Mosque (c. 16 century).

History of the War of Liberation On 3 September 1971 the Pak army, in collaboration with the rajakars brutally killed 35 persons of Hindu community at village Ikardia. On 5 September they also killed 25 members of the Hindu community at village Savianagar.

Religious institutions Mosque 82, temple 13, tomb 12, Akhra 21.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 37.4%; male 42.5% female 32.0%.

Newspapers and Periodicals Magazines: Shubechha, Surjatopa and Anirban.

Cultural organizations Library 1,' officers' club 1, playground 30.

Main sources of income Agriculture 82.40%, non-agricultural labourer 2.52%, industry 0.27%, commerce 7.52%, transport and communication 0.29%, service 1.91%, construction 0.31%, religious service 0.24%, rent and remittance 0.04% and others 4.50%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 66.18%, landless 33.82%; ownership of agricultural land: urban 56.38% urban 67.51%.

Main crops Paddy, potato, mustard,' peanut, garlic, onion, chilli, turmeric, coriander.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Jute.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, banana, blackberry, papaya.

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 7.80 km and mud road 263.13 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct Traditional transport palanquin, horse carriage and bullock cart.

Hats, bazars and fairs The most noted hats and bazars are Austagram, Purbo Austagram, Sharifanagar, Kastail, Bangal Para, Adampur, Kalma, Khayerpur Abdullahpur and Chhaudamadal Mela at Bangal Para (largest mela of the bhati region).

Main exports Paddy, potato, peanut, banana, papaya.

Access to electricity All the unions of this Upazila are under rural electrification net-work; however, 12.56% dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 93.17%, pond 1.77%, tap 0.67% and others 4.39%.

Sanitation 13.85% (urban 13.24% and rural 18.35%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 76.75% (urban 78.36% and 64.90%) of dwelling houses use non-sanitary latrines; 9.40% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, union health and family planning centre 7, rural health centre 1.

NGO activities brac, proshika, ICDC, Ganaunnyan, Bandhon Society, Chetana. [Enayet Sobhan]

References Bangladesh PopulaAtion Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Austagram Upazila 2007.