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Bera Upazila


Bera Upazila (pabna district) area 248.60 sq km, located in between 23°48' and 24°06' north latitudes and in between 89°35' and 89°44' east longitudes. It is bounded by shahjadpur and chauhali upazilas on the north, goalanda and rajbari sadar upazilas on the south, Chauhali, daulatpur and shivalaya upazilas on the east, sujanagar and santhia upazilas on the west.

Population Total 231430; male 120615, female 110815; Muslim 220111, Hindu 11281, Buddhist 13 and others 25.

Water bodies Main rivers: padma, jamuna, ichamati and hurasagar; Dhalai beel, Ichar beel and Nandiar beel are notable.

Administration Mathura Thana was formed in 1828 and was shifted to Bera in 1927 after it got submerged by river erosion. Bera thana was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

1

9

163

159

46086

185344

931

41.0

28.19

Municipality

Area (sq km)

Ward

Mahalla

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

18.63

9

24

43677

2344

40.6

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

1.54

1

2409

1564

47.9

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Kytala

2498

5923

5816

27.90

Chakla

4254

7711

7149

26.61

Jatsakhni 42

8575

22530

20786

38.80

Dhalar Char 21

9408

8424

7369

16.34

Nutan Bharenga 63

3619

8315

7740

11.32

Puran Bharenga 73

6531

6310

5694

35.31

Masundia 52

7132

11183

9945

32.38

Ruppur 84

7355

9863

9246

34.29

Haturia Nakalia 31

7543

17445

16304

30.80

Source Bangladesh Population Census- 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

BeraUpazila.jpg

History of the War of Liberation On 31 March 1971 the freedom fighters resisted the Pak army at the Nagarbari Ferry ghat. A number of innocent civilians were killed while the Pak army conducted air raid on 9 April in order to dislodge the freedom fighters. On 19 April a battle was fought between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at Paikarhati (meeting place of Bera and Santiha) on the Nagarbari-Bogra highway in which 25 freedom fighters and 150 Pak soldiers were killed. During the period between July and August the Naksals attacked the freedom fighters and captured 57 rifles. Bera was liberated on 14 December 1971.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass killing site: Charpara and Dayalnagar; mass grave: Dayalnagar;' memorial sculpture: Paikarhat.

Religious institutions Mosque 155, temple 43. Noted religious institutions: Dargabari Mosque, Bera Bazar Jami Mosque and Buromata Temple, Haribari Temple.

Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 34.59%; male 38.1%, female 28.6%. Educational institutions: college 6, secondary school 16, primary school 104, kindergarten 15, madrasa 20. Noted educational institutions: Bera Degree College (1964), Bharenga Academy (1858), Bera BB High School (1899), Bera High School (1906), Dhobakhola Coronation High School (Natiabari, 1912), Nakalia Sandashia Banik High School (1919), Vocational BB School, Vocational Bera Pilot Girls' School, Bera Alim Madrasa (1938).

Newspapers and periodicals Weekly: A Juger Dwip.

Cultural organisations Club 26, library 3, theatre group 1, cinema hall 2, auditorium 3, playground 1.

Main sources of income Agriculture 40.07%, non-agricultural labourer 3.94%, industry 7.92%, commerce 21.80%, transport and communication 4.92%, service 5.77%, construction 1.08%, religious service 0.21%, rent and remittance 0.48% and others 13.81%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 44.60%, landless 55.40%; agricultural landowner: urban 28.52% and rural 48.42%.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, sugarcane, mustard seed, onion, garlic, potato, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sesame, bhura, kaun, jute, china, cotton, sweet potato.

Main fruits Mango, black berry, guava, banana.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries This upazila has a number of fisheries, dairies and poultries.'

Communication facilities Pucca road 76 km, mud road 258 km; waterway 15 nautical mile.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, Dhuli, bullock cart, buffalo cart.

Noted manufactories Flour mill, ice factory, welding factory.

Cottage industries Handloom, bamboo work, wood work,.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 17, fairs 3, most noted of which are Bera Hat and Bazar, Bander Hat, Chatur Hat, Khanpura Hat, Mahakal Bhairavi Mela (Khanpura Bazar) and Raksa Bazar Mela.

Main exports Lungi, onion, garlic, sugarcane molasses.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 31.19% dwellings have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 95.23%, pond 1.31%, tap 0.44% and others 3.02%.

Sanitation 18.12% (rural 15.60% and urban 28.72%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 75.54% (rural 77.41% and urban 67.68%) of dwelling houses use non-sanitary latrines; 6.34% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning center 5, charitable dispensary 1, clinic 1.

Natural Disasters' The floods of 1988 and 1989 caused huge damages to settlements and crops of the upazila.

NGO activities brac, asa. [Abdus Sattar]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Bera Upazila 2007.