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Birampur Upazila


Birampur Upazila (dinajpur district) area 211.81 sq km, located in between 25°18' and 25°29' north latitudes and in between 88°50' and 89°05' east longitudes. It is bounded by phulbari and nawabganj (dinajpur) upazilas on the north, hakimpur upazila and west bengal (India) on the south, Nawabganj and Hakimpur upazilas on the east, West Bengal (India) and Phulbari upazila on the west.

Population Total 150620; male 77517, female 73103; Muslim 134654, Hindu 8142, Buddhist 3689, Christian 40 and others 4095.

Water bodies Main river: jamuna; Asholar Beel, Chengar Beel, Bogghar Beel and Katuar Beel are notable.

Administration Birampur Thana was formed on 17 June 1981 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983. Birampur Paurasabha was formed in 1995.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

1

7

171

169

36772

113848

711

53.3

44.9

Municipality

Area
(sq km)

Ward

Mahalla

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

26.35

9

28

34718

1318

52.9

Upazila Town

Area
(sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate
(%)

5

2

2054

411

50.5

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Katla 59

4075

8046

7383

40.68

Khanpur 71

9581

8150

7626

45.06

Jotbani 47

9038

11738

11252

44.93

Deor 35

8728

10687

10275

45.00

Pali Prayagpur 83

3592

4574

4142

53.81

Benail 11

9062

9577

8978

45.26

Mukundapur 23

8264

6907

6567

44.81

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001,Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

BirampurUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Baneshwar Shiva Mandir.

History of the War of Liberation On 20 April 1971, the Pak army killed a few hundred innocent people at Charar Hat of Birampur. Seven Pakistani soldiers and 16 freedom fighters were killed in a direct encounter between the freedom fighters and the Pakistan army at Ketra Hat. On 4 December the general public of the upazila attacked a military vehicle of the Pak army at Beparitola and killed a number of Pak soldiers.

Religious institutions Mosque 308, temple 15, church 3, tomb 4.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 46.9%; male 51.7%, female 42%. Educational institutions: college 5, textile institute 1, secondary school 38, primary school 162, madrasa 28. Noted educational institutions: Birampur Degree College (1964), Birampur Mahila Degree College (1989), Birampur Technical and Management College (2001), Ekair Mangalpur High School (1930), Birampur Pilot High School (1945), Shibpur High School (1951), Birampur Government Girl's High School (1971), Ideal High School (1998), Kochgram Government Primary School, Bijul Darul Huda Kamil Madrasa (1958), Mukundapur Senior Madrasa (1974).

Newspapers and periodicals Weekly: Birampur Barta, Biram.'

Cultural organisations Library 1, club 7, cinema hall 7.

Main sources of income Agriculture 68.37%, non-agricultural labourer 2.92%, industry 0.86%, commerce 13.08%, transport and communication 2.64%, service 5.1%, construction 0.67%, religious service 0.16%, rent and remittance 0.17% and others 6.03%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 57.24%, landless 42.76%; agricultural landowner: urban 44.34% and rural 61.34%.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, corn, jute, potato, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Mustard, sugarcane and sesame.

Main fruits Mango, banana, jackfruit, blackberry.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Poultry 17, dairy 13.

Communication facilities Pucca road 60 km, semi-pucca road 40.45 km, mud road 335 km; railway 12.56 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart and horse carriage.

Noted manufactories Rice mill, husking mill, saw mill, flour mill, ice factory, bidi factory.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, wood work, bamboo and cane work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 17, fairs 2, most noted of which are Birampur, Katla and Ketra hats and Katla Mela.

Main exports Paddy, rice.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 21.46% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 92.64%, pond 0.34%, tap 0.43% and' others 6.59%.

Sanitation 10.51% (rural 5.79% and urban 25.34%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 26.77% (rural 25.58% and urban 30.52%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 62.72% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Hospital 3, upazila health complex 1, union health and family planning centre 4, clinic 2.'

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa. [Shamsuzzaman]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Birampur Upazila 2007.