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Chakravarty, Trailokyanath


Chakravarty, Trailokyanath (1889-1970) anti-British revolutionary politician and a writer. He was born in 1889 at Kapasiatia in Mymensingh district. Trailokyanath was also known as Maharaj. He was associated with anti-British political activities from his very boyhood. He joined anushilan samiti in 1906 while a student in school. He was arrested for his revolutionary activities in 1908. Consequently he could not even complete his school education. He was arrested again in 1912 for his alleged involvement in a murder, but was released due to lack of evidence against him. Subsequently, he continued to work in underground organisations in Rajshahi, Comilla and Maldah. He was arrested in Calcutta in 1914 and was transported to the Andamans as an accused in the Barisal Conspiracy Case.

On expiry of the term of his sentence, Trailokyanath came back to Calcutta. There he took the charge of the National School. He was arrested once more in 1927 and was sent to a prison at Mandalaya in Burma. He was released in 1928 when he joined the Hindustan Republican Army. He participated in the Lahore Congress in 1929. He was in jail again from 1930 to 1938. After his release, Trailokyanath joined the Ramgarh Congress. He made a futile attempt to stir rebellion in the British Indian army during the Second World War. He participated in the quit india movement and was imprisoned in 1942. However, he was released from jail in 1946. He now devoted himself to organisational activities in Noakhali.

After the partition of India in 1947, Trailokyanath joined open politics in Dhaka. He was elected member of the Provincial Assembly in 1954 as a nominee of the united front. After the promulgation of martial law in the country in 1958, embargo was imposed on his political and social activities. He passed the closing years of his life in self-exile at his village home. He wrote two memoirs on contemporary politics entitled Jele Trish Bachhar, Pak-Bharater Swadhinata Sangram. His other contribution is Geetai Swaraj. In 1970, he went to Calcutta for medical treatment from where he was carried to Delhi and was accorded a national reception. He died on 9 August 1970. [Md Selim]