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Chauddagram Upazila


Chauddagram Upazila (comilla district) area 268.48 sq km, located in between 23°03' and 23°22' north latitudes and in between 91°12' and 91°22' east longitudes. It is bounded by comilla sadar dakshin upazila on the north, feni sadar and daganbhuiyan upazilas on the south, tripura state of India on the east, nangalkot and laksham upazilas on the west.

Population Total 381548; male 188248, female 193300; Muslim 374054, Hindu 7149, Buddhist 12, Christian 287 and others 46.

Water bodies Main rivers: dakatia and little feni; Kala Gang Khal (canal), Balujhuri Gang Khal, Nanhari Gang Khal, Papolia Gang Khal and Jagannath Dighi, Henapali Dighi, Thanabari Dighi and Kashipur Dighi are notable.

Administration Chauddagram Thana was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

1

14

398

402

14362

367186

1421

55.13

50.70

Upazila Town

Area
(sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate
(%)

5.63

7

14362

2551

55.13

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Alkara 10

4893

15368

16434

57.93

Ujirpur 95

4121

12799

12659

50.14

Kankapait 57

4713

11682

12643

58.95

Kalikapur 52

3330

8137

8318

41.79

Kashinagar 61

6862

14867

14457

45.24

Gunabati 42

5451

16453

17134

54.99

Gholpasha 38

4667

11226

11454

42.06

Cheora 19

5475

13809

13941

50.35

Chauddagram 23

3248

12282

11584

50.96

Jagannath Dighi 47

3657

11887

12209

52.75

Batisha 15

4056

13435

13962

58.14

Munshirhat 71

5001

13876

14805

52.90

Shubhapur 85

6119

19258

19888

45.13

Sreepur 90

5212

13169

13812

46.72

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001,Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

ChauddagramUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Palace of Senbahadur at Chandiskara (eighteenth century), Kali Mandir, Bardhan Rajar Mura (Bardhan Mura), Jagannath Dighi and Suamar Dighi.

History of the War of Liberation On 28 November 1971, the freedom fighters occupied the Jagannath Dighi Camp of the Pak army. During the war of liberation, 25 freedom fighters were killed in various encounters with the Pak army in Chauddagram upazila. This upazila was liberated on 7 December 1971.

Marks of War of Liberation Memorial monument 1 (Betiara).

Religious institutions Mosque 858, temple 28, buddhist vihara 2, pagoda 1.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 50.87%; male 52.82%, female 49.02%. Educational institutions: college 12, secondary school 53, primary school 203, technical college 1, pali college 1, kindergarten 30, brac school 79, madrasa 61. Noted educational institutions: Cheora Government College (1972), Chauddagram Government College (1972), Payerkhola High School (1882), Batisha Secondary School (1906), Chauddagram HJ Pilot High School (1921), Munshirhat High School (1954), Chhapua Chhfaria Senior (Fazil) Madrasa (1922), Kashinagar Islamia Alim Madrasa (1910).

Newspapers and periodicals Weekly: Chauddagram, Chauddagram Sangbad, Chauddagramer Alo.

Cultural organisations Club 33, women's organisations 9, theatre stage 1, cinema hall 1, playground 15.

Main sources of income Agriculture 38.36%, non-agricultural labourer 2.80%, industry 0.71%, commerce 14.60%, transport and communication 4.39%, service 16.42%, construction 1.33%, religious service 0.30%, rent and remittance 11.07% and others 10.02%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 59.84%, landless 40.16%; agricultural landowner: urban 57.62% and rural 59.92%.

Main crops Paddy, corn, wheat, mustard, potato, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Kaun, linseed, jute.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, coconut, palm, plum, papaya.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 18, dairy 50, poultry 150, hatchery 9, nursery 30.

Communication facilities Pucca road 224 km, semi-pucca road 25 km, mud road 475 km; railway 5 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart.

Noted manufactories Rice mill, flour mill, oil mill, salt, chick-pea, soap and shoe factory, aluminum factory, silica factory and export oriented industries.

Cottage industries Weaving, blacksmith, potteries, embroidery, arts and' crafts, bamboo and cane work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 52, most noted of which are Miabazar, Chauddagram Bazar, Gunabati Bazar, Batisha Bazar, Dhurkara Bazar, Kankapait Bazar and Munshirhat; Magh Maser Mela (fair held in the month of Bengali month Magh) at the premises of Mazar of Latif Shikdar and Kali Bazar Mela.

Main exports Ready made garments.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 43.35% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Natural resources Amandanga Shalban.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 91.94%, tap 0.59%, pond 1.21% and others 6.26%. The presence of intolerable level of arsenic has been detected in shallow tube-well water of the upazila.

Sanitation 69.42% (rural 68.67% and urban 88.84%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 21.85% (rural 22.40% and urban 7.56%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 8.74% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, hospital 11, union health and family welfare centre 7, maternity clinic 1, clinic 7, satellite clinic 1, rural health centre 1, artificial breeding centre 4.

NGO activities brac, asa, RIDO, LEAD Foundation. [AKM Jasim Uddin]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Chauddagram Upazila 2007.