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Chitalmari Upazila


Chitalmari Upazila (bagerhat district) area 192 sq km, located in between 22°33' and 22°41' north latitudes and in between 90°01' and 90°15' east longitudes. It is bounded by tungipara upazila on the north, kachua (bagerhat) and bagerhat sadar upazilas on the south, nazirpur upazila on the east, mollahat, fakirhat and Bagerhat Sadar upazilas on the west.

Population Total 139862; male 72452, female 67410; Muslim 90517, Hindu 49274, Buddhist 56 and others 15.

Water bodies Main rivers: madhumati, Kaliganga, Baleshwari, chitra and Nalua; Larar canal is notable.

Administration Chitalmari Thana was formed in 1981 and it was turned into an upazila on 7 November 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

-

7

58

122

1541

138321

728

67.8

58.6

Upazila Town

Area
(sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

0.89

2

1541

1731

67.8

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Kalatala 66

6448

10848

10290

60.10

Char Baniari 15

5211

7737

7264

65.04

Chitalmari 31

13711

15519

13514

61.02

Barabaria 19

7856

13920

13168

51.88

Shibpur 79

3556

6674

6163

58.63

Santoshpur 63

4835

8419

8087

59.35

Hizla 47

5826

9335

8924

57.36

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.


ChitalmariUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Shiva Temple at Durgapur (Char Baniari).

Historical events The British government used to torture the indigo rebels in the Neelkuthi of Hizla union of the upazila by putting stone on their chests. During the war of liberation the Pak army in collaboration with local razakars conducted mass killing at Khalishakhali and Babuganj bazars. They killed about 200 innocent villagers.

Marks of the War of Liberation Memorial monument 1 (Santoshpur.).

Noted Religious institutions Chitalmari Central Jami Mosque, Barasia Khanka Sharif Jami Mosque, Aduakhali Alia Madrasa Jami Mosque, Bangladesh Sebashram Mandir (Goranalua), Boalia Durga Mandir.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 58.6%; male 61.5%, female 55.5%. Educational institutions: college 3, secondary school 31, primary school 63, madrasa 8. Noted educational institutions: Kalidas Baral Smrity College, SM High School (1945), Charlatia Government Primary School (1904), Barabaria Hautkhola Government Primary School (1912), Barabaria Rahmania Fazil Madrasa.

Newspapers and periodicals Projanma (defunct), Shekar, Shimul, Purbachal, Kara Nare, Sammridhi.

Cultural organisations Library 8, cinema hall 1, theatre group 2, club 123, playground 30.

Main sources of income Agriculture 76.27%, non-agricultural labourer 1.30%, industry 0.43%, commerce 10.76%, transport & communication 1.39%, service 5.94%, construction 0.71%, religious service 0.31%, rent & remittance 0.20% and others 2.69%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 74.18%, landless 25.82%; agricultural landowner: urban 86.57% and rural 74.03%.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, jute, pulse, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Tobacco, aman paddy.

Main fruits Mango, black berry, banana, papaya, coconut, betel nut, watermelon.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 5400 (shrimp), dairy 24, poultry 10.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Bullock cart, palanquin.

Noted manufactories Flour mill, rice mill, oil mill, ice factory.

Cottage industries Weaving, potteries, bamboo work, cane work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 21, fairs 15, most noted of which are Shailadha Bazar, Khager Hat and Chardakatia Baruni Mela.

Main exports Leather, rice, banana, coconut, betel nut, vegetables.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 19.87% dwellings have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 88.91%, tap 2.04%, pond 6.20% and others 2.84%.

Sanitation 40.79% (rural 40.29 and urban 81.79%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 50.80% (rural 50.20% and urban 18.21%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 8.41% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health centre 1, union health and family planning centre 7, hospital 1.

NGO activities brac, Prodipan, asa, CARE, World Vision. [Bivas Dash]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Chitalmari Upazila 2007.