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Dhamrai Upazila


Dhamrai Upazila (dhaka district) area of 303.36 sq km, located in between 23°49' and 24°03' north latitudes and in between 90°01' and 90°15' east longitudes. It is bounded by mirzapur and kaliakair upazilas on the north, singair upazila on the south, savar upazila on the east manikganj sadar, saturia and nagarpur upazilas on the west.

Population Total 350168; male 178128, female 172040; Muslim 311126, Hindu 38894, Buddhist 36 Christian 22 and others 90.

Water bodies bangshi, dhaleshwari, Gazikhali rivers are notable.

Administration Dhamrai Thana was formed in 1914 and it was turned into an upazila in 1985.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

1

16

305

408

43464

306704

1154

64.31

40.90

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

8.08

12

43464

5379

64.31

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (Acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Amta 10

3281

6721

6435

36.88

Kulla 53

8491

17634

16381

41.02

Kushura 59

6102

12104

12080

46.83

Gangutia 41

3629

9372

9333

33.97

Chauhat 29

5096

10147

10139

46.35

Dhamrai 35

2856

24741

22736

62.82

Nannar 65

4080

7593

7662

37.88

Baisakanda 11

4514

7646

7645

45.84

Balia 17

3757

10406

10237

38.15

Bhararia 23

3819

10326

9671

38.68

Jadabpur 47

4753

8243

8404

44.49

Rowail 71

5346

10680

10398

44.49

Sanora 77

4372

9586

9018

43.14

Suti Para 94

5808

12951

12160

42.27

Suapur 88

3595

7406

7617

39.11

Sombagh 83

5462

12572

12122

42.17

Source  Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

DhamraiUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Ashok Pillar and Mokam Tola.

History of the War of Liberation During the War of Liberation the Pak army arrested fourteen Muktijoddhas from Dhamrai Bazar and brutally killed all of them at a place near Kalampur Bazar.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 1 (western side of Kalampur Bazar).

Religious institutions Mosque 410, temple 132, church 1, pagoda 1, tomb 6.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 43.9%; male 49.6% female 38%. Educational institutions: College 6, secondary school 45, primary school 149, retarded children's school 2,' community school 8, NGO school 109, kindergarten 16, madrasa 3. Noted educational institutions: Dhamrai College, Hardinge High School (1914), Rowail Primary School (1887), Pathantola Primary School (1888).

Cultural organisations Club 4, library 1,' cinema hall 3, playground 18, women's organisation 20, cultural organisation 4, sports organisation 2, dak banglow 3.

Main sources of income Agriculture 55.47%, non-agricultural labourer 2.92%, industry 2.21%, commerce 12.74%, transport and communication 3.01%, service 11.39%, construction 1.67%, religious service 0.22%, rent and remittance 2.55% and others 7.82%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 63.08%, landless 36.92%; agricultural landowner: urban 37.65% and rural 66.76%.

Main crops Paddy, jute, maize, mustard seed, potato, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Khesari, kaun, china, gram.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, coconut, guava.

Fisheries, dairies, poultries Dairiy 598, Poultriy 195 and hatchery 1.

Communication facilities Pucca road 99.50 km, mud road 360.41 km; waterways 47 nautical miles.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart, horse carriage.

Noted manufactories Ceramic industry, jute industry, aluminum industry, pharmaceutical industry, textile industry, embroidery, brickfield, saw mill, rice mill, leather factory, Shoe factory, cold storage, BSCIC industrial town.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, handicraft.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 35, fairs 5, most noted of which are Dhamrai Bazar, Shreerampur Bazar, Kalampur Bazar, Islampur Bazar, Kashuria Bazar and Dhamrai Rath Jatra Mela, Bhakter Mela, Paus Samkranti Mela.

Main exports Rice, jute, medicine, ceramic, vegetables.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However, 39.47% dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 97.14%, pond 0.08%, tap 1.29% and others 1.49%. The presence of arsenic has been detected in shallow tube-well water of this upazila.

Sanitation 34.07% (urban 82.68 and rural 27.05%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 62.03% (urban 15.86% and rural 68.70%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 3.90% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Natural resources' Mineral sand.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, union health and family welfare centre 13, family planning centre 1, satellite clinic 124.

NGO activities brac, proshika, asa. [Md Ilias Uddin]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Dhamrai Upazila 2007.