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Dowarabazar Upazila


Dowarabazar Upazila (sunamganj district) area 324.19 sq km, located in between 24°58' and 25°11' north latitudes and in between 91°24' and 91°43' east longitudes. It is bounded by Meghalaya state of India on the north, chhatak upazila on the south and east, sunamganj sadar upazila on the west.

Population Total 220611; male 107123, female 101683; Muslim 208744, Hindu 11544, Buddhist 291, Christian 16 and others 15.

Water bodies Main rivers: surma, Jadukata.

Administration Dowarabazar Thana was formed in 1976 and it was turned into an upazila in 1985.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

-

9

176

295

11805

208806

637

30.8

29.26

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

13.25

2

11805

891

30.82

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Dakshin Dowarabazar 27

9838

8940

8279

28.81

Duhalia 32

6539

10289

9930

23.30

Narsing Pur 92

11321

11180

10710

29.46

Pandergaon 78

7494

10253

9498

27.11

Bangla Bazar 86

7535

13821

13480

29.93

Bougla Bazar

4206

5781

5463

27.25

Mannargaon 67

8097

11229

10646

33.01

Lakshmipur 61

19551

26191

24755

35.98

Surma

6467

9439

8922

28.50

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

DowarabazarUpazila.jpg

Religious institutions Mosque 295, temple 15, church 4, tomb 1.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 30.8%; male 35%, female 26.4%. Noted educational institutions: Barkhal Multilateral School and College (1970), Somuj Ali High School and college (1984), Dowarabazar College (1993), Tengra Secondary School (1965), Aambari High School (1967), Ghilachhara Secondary High School, Kalaura Darussunnah Fazil Madrasa (1974).

Cultural organisations Club 10, playground 2.

Main sources of income Agriculture 71.14%, non-agricultural labourer 5.85%,' industry 0.32%, commerce 8.42%, transport and communication 1%, service 2.59%, construction 0.83%, religious service 0.36%, rent and remittance 1.61% and others 7.88%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 54.72%, landless 45.28%; agricultural landowner: urban 44.07% and rural 55.48%.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, pulse, potato, ginger, cotton.

Extinct and nearly extinct crops Sesame, kaun, tobacco.

Main fruits Mango, banana, jackfruit, pineapple, lemon.

Communication facilities Pucca road 57.25 km, mud road 291 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart.

Cottage industries Bamboo work, wood work and cane work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 22, fairs 4, most noted of which are Dowarabazar, Lakshmipur Bazar, Aambari Bazar, Tengra Bazar, Baliura Bazar, Bougla Bazar; Machimpur and Jalalpur fairs are notable.

Main exports Paddy, limestone, forest resources.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work; however, 4.57% dwelling households have access to electricity.

Natural resources Limestone and Natural gas.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 72.75%, pond 11.77%, tap 0.46% and others 15.02%. The presence of intolerable level of arsenic has been detected in 934 shallow tube well water of the upazila.

Sanitation 15.42% (urban 33.96% and rural 14.10%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 66.76% (urban 40.61% and rural 68.62%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 17.82% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, union health and family planning centre 3.

Natural disasters The hailstorm of 1991 caused huge damages to crops and plantation of the upazila. In 2005 a serious explosion occurred in the Tengratila Gas field resulting burning of gas for about a month. In this incident total damage to properties including loss of natural gas was worth Tk. 15 thousand crore.

NGO activities brac, asa, caritas. [Jayanta Singh Roy]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Dowarabazar Upazila 2007.