Jump to: navigation, search

Gopalganj Sadar Upazila


Gopalganj Sadar Upazila (gopalganj district) area 391.35 sq km, located in between 22°54' and 23°13' north latitudes and in between 89°40' and 89°58' east longitudes. It is bounded by lohagara, kashiani and muksudpur upazilas on the north, tungipara and mollahat upazilas on the south, kotalipara and rajoir upazilas on the east, Mollahat, kalia and Lohagara upazilas on the west.

Population Total 321934; male 164810, female 157124; Muslim 228780, Hindu 91718, Buddhist 1286, Christian 9 and others 141.

Water bodies Main rivers: gorai-madhumati, kumar, Madhupur; Basarater Canal and Gopalganj Beel are notable.

Administration Gopalganj Sadar Thana was turned into an upazila in 1984.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

1

21

127

197

42449

279485

823

69.1

52.2

Municipality

Area
(sq km)

Ward

Mahalla

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

14.38

9

49

40222

2797

70.3

Upazila Town

Area
(sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate
(%)

2.56

2

2227

870

48.6

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Urafi 94

2947

5027

5006

44.22

Ulpur 90

4789

8554

7784

47.01

Karpara 47

6921

10131

10495

51.52

Kajulia 43

8473

5853

5715

56.08

Kati 51

4586

5171

5262

47.72

Gopinathpur 30

4066

6045

6262

49.50

Gobra 21

4465

5747

5526

57.77

Chandra Dighalia 15

2714

7558

6286

57.34

Jalalabad 38

3969

7704

7928

53.72

Durgapur 17

4602

8774

8362

50.08

Nizra 64

4827

3991

3896

47.77

Paikkandi 69

3808

8304

8148

52.18

Borasi 11

1570

5795

5570

50.10

Baultali 13

4104

5892

5588

56.52

Majhigati 60

2662

5990

5653

55.20

Raghunathpur 73

5797

8082

7577

56.75

Latifpur 56

3242

7021

6553

54.74

Suktail 86

5176

6709

6833

47.31

Satpar 82

7696

8785

8678

54.83

Sahapur 77

4479

5295

5013

59.19

Haridaspur 34

3232

6728

6421

43.00

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics St Mathuranath AG Church (1875), Asram of Shukh Deva (1802), Gayebi Mosque at Khagail.

GopalganjSadarUpazila.jpg

Historical events In 1368 BS a riot was held between the Hindus and the Muslims at villages Karpara, Balakoir and Targram of Baultali union in which many people of both communities were killed. Two freedom fighters were killed in an encounter with the Pak army on 7 April 1971. The Pak army brutally killed 13 persons at village Paikkandi in May. An encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at village Shasabaria under Urafi union of the upazila in which 10 freedom fighters were killed. Besides, the Pak army in collaboration with the local razakars, killed nearly 150 persons at village Paikkandi.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass killing site 2 (Paikkandi and Urafi).

Religious institutions Mosque 400, temple 181, church 7. Noted religious institutions: Court Mosque' (1949), Thanapara Jami' Mosque (1920/1921), Kali Temple (1918).

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 54.5%; male 58.2%, female 50.7%. Educational institutions: college 7, secondary school 47, primary school 213, kindergarten 18, madrasa 5. Noted educational institutions: Government Bangabandhu College, Sheikh Fazilatunnesa Government Women's College, MH Khan College, Government Technical School and College (1965), Gopalganj Polytechnic Institute' (2001), Ulpur PC High School (1900), Gopinathpur Secondary School (1911), Baultali Sahapur Sammilani High School (1928), SM Model Government Boys' High School, Sarnakali High School, Chandra Dighalia High School, Gopalganj SK Kamil Madrasa.

Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Jugakatha, Bhorer Bani, Sheren, Banglar Sanket, Bishwa Darpan, Surjasha, Juger Sathi;, weekly: Janapader Katha; defunct: Gopalganj Barta, Gopalganj Sahitya Patra, Alor Disheri; periodical: Durba.

Cultural organisations Library 2, club 98, cinema hall 2, shilpakala academy 1, stadium 2, cultural organisation, soprts organisations 35, theatre group 1, youth organisation 47.

Amusement centers Akramuzzaman Park.

Main sources of income Agriculture 53.27%, non-agricultural labourer 2.49%, industry 0.47%, commerce 14.42%, transport and communication 4.33%, service 14.33%, construction 1.81%, religious service 0.40%, rent and remittance 1.27% and others 7.21%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 67.24%, landless 32.76%; agricultural landowner: urban 55.84% and rural 68.96%.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, peanut, sugarcane, mustard, linseed, sesame, pulse, sweet potato, vegetables. Extinct or nearly extinct crops china, kaun, jute, barley.

Main fruits Mango, coconut, betel nut, banana.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 25, dairy 254, poultry 230, hatchery 3, nursery 16, shrimp cultivation 1398, artificial breeding centre 3.

Communication facilities Pucca road 127 km, semi-pucca road 51 km, mud road 490 km.'

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage.

Noted manufactories Saw mill, oil mill, flour mill, rice mill, biscuit factory.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, potteries, weaving, blacksmith, cane work, bamboo work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Gopalganj, Baultali, Satpar, Betgram, Golabaria, Kajulia, Boalia, Bhera, Chandra Dighalia, Raghunathpur, Manikhar and Gopinathpur hats; Madhumati Bazar; Gopalganj, Baultali, Golabaria, Satpar, Tutamandra, Sanpukuria and Ulpur mela are notable.'

Main exports Prawn, paddy, leather, vegetables.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 23.67% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Natural resources Pit coal has been discovered in the Chandar Beel of the upazila.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 90.38%, tap 5.63%, pond 1.60% and others 2.39%.

Sanitation 45.53% (rural 39.70% and urban 84.07%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 48.01% (rural 53.13% and urban 14.13%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 6.46% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic 4, hospital 4, maternity hospital 1, community clinic 31, clinic 8.

Natural disasters The cyclone of 1919 damaged about 80% of the settlements of the upazila. Besides, a number of people were killed and many more wounded in the cyclone of 1977; it also caused heavy damages to settlements and other properties of the upazila.

NGO activities brac, asa, caritas, Christian Service Society, Swanirvar Bangladesh, Ganaunnayan Prachesta, Legal Aid. [Swapan Gain]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Gopalganj Sadar Upazila 2007.