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Goswami, Bijoy Krishna


Goswami, Bijoy Krishna (1841-1899) one of the spokesmen of a new Vaisnavite doctrine, was born at Dahakul in the district of Nadia. His father, Ananda Kishore Goswami, is known to have been a monotheist.

Bijoy Krishna studied at Gobinda Goswami's tol in Shantipur and then at Sanskrit College, Kolkata. He also briefly studied medicine. While at college, he read the vedanta, and became attracted to the Brahma religion. Inspired by debendranath tagore, he joined the brahma samaj.

Bijoy Krishna visited various parts of India to preach Brahmaism. In 1863, he first came to East Bengal and worked for some time in Dhaka with keshab chandra sen. He set up Brahma temples in Shantipur, Mymensingh. He was especially interested in the development and education of women, and taught for some time at the school established by Keshab Chandra. He also wrote Prashnottar, on the practice of yoga.

During his stay at Gaya, Bijoy Krishna came in close contact with several ascetics and got inclined towards vaisnavism. He slowly became alienated from the Brahma Samaj and, in 1886, was removed from his teaching role in the Samaj. In 1888 he left the Brahma Samaj and devoted himself wholly to Vaisnavism. Afterwards he established an ashram at Gandaria in Dhaka and devoted himself to Vaisnavite practices.

Bijoy Krishna introduced the system of devotion in the Brahma religion before Keshab Chandra Sen. But when he left the Brahma Samaj, the practice of spiritualism began to die out, and the members of the Samaj engaged themselves mainly in social reformation and welfare activities.

Bijoy Krishna was the chief architect of the new vaisnava movement. Among his followers are bipin chandra pal (1858-1932), aswini kumar datta (1856-1923), satish chandra mukharjee (1865-1948), and Manoranjan Guhathakurata (1858-1919). Aswini Kumar Datta played an important role in spreading the doctrine of new Vaisnavism at the turn of the 19th century.

Bijoy Krishna spent his last days as a devoted Vaisnavite. He had many disciples in places like Kolkata and Puri, where he breathed his last in 1306 BS (1899 AD). [Sambaru Chandra Mohanta]