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Hathazari Upazila


Hathazari Upazila (chittagong district) area 246.32 sq km, located in between 22°24' and 22°38' north latitudes and in between 91°41' and 91°54' east longitudes. It is bounded by fatikchhari upazila on the north, panchlaish and chandgaon thanas on the south, raozan upazila on the east, sitakunda upazila on the west.

Population Total 403788; male 206922, female 196866; Muslim 362358, Hindu 35405, Buddhist 47, Christian 5485 and others 493.

Water bodies Main river: halda;' Alaul Beel and Mohosinia Beel are notable.

Administration Hathazari Thana was formed in 1929 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

-

15

48

59

403788

-

1639

57.9

-

Upazila Town

Area
(sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate
(%)

246.32

48

403788

1639

57.9

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Uttar Madarsa 95

3037

11822

12970

58.51

Garduara 47

1282

6025

6167

58.54

Guman Mardan 53

2932

8242

7624

57.40

Chikandandi 17

2761

20917

20053

66.32

Chhibatali 11

1092

5072

4505

59.76

Dakshin Madarsha 23

2416

9625

9647

64.84

Dhalai 29

4870

19747

19619

62.47

Nangalmora77

462

4531

4294

69.47

Fatehpur 35

5668

21073

19097

59.35

Forhadabad 41

12387

15357

15074

58.97

Burir Char 05

946

10021

10107

57.07

Mirzapur 71

6451

18531

18185

40.21

Mekhal 65

2867

15878

15158

60.49

Shikarpur 89

1702

10304

9970

57.14

Hathazari 59

5962

29771

24396

52.20

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

HathazariThana.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Alaul Mosque (1473-74), Fakir Mosque (1474-80), Wali Khan Mosque (1714-19), Hamja Khan Mosque (1682), Panchkari Chowdhury Bari, Lakshmi Saha Zamindar Bari.

Historical events The battle of Jalalabad is a unique and glorious chapter in the history of Bengal. On 18 April 1930 a battle was fought between the revolutionaries led by mastarda surya sen and ananta singh, and the British forces at the Jalalabad Hill. During the war of liberation the Pak army brutally killed 11 freedom fighters at a place near the Nazirhat Bus stand.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass Grave 1 (Nazirhat Bus stand); mass killing site 1; mass grave 1 (Nazirhat Bus Stand); memorial monument 1 (in front of the Chittagong University Arts Building).

Religious institutions Mosque 401, temple 40, pagoda 15, sebaashram 5, tomb 20, sacred place 1. Noted religious institutions: Sultan Nasrat shah Mosque, Helal Shahi Mosque (fourteenth century), Hathazari Mosque, Mirzapur Jagannath ashram, Bhajan Kuthir, Brojodham Mandir, World Peace Pagoda.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 57.9%; male 61.1%, female 54.6%. Educational institutions: university 1, college 7, secondary school 52, primary school 153, kindergarten 19, orphanage 20, madrasa 17. Noted educational institutions: Chittagong University (1966), Nazirhat College (1949), Hathazari College (1968), Fatehabad College (1970), Quaish Burischar Sheikh Mohammed City Corporation Degree College (1975), Fatehabad Adarsha Multilateral High School (1894), Hathazari Parvati High School (1914), Fatehabad Mohakali Girls' High School (1915), Katirhat High School (1933), Nazirhat Collegiate High School (1954), Akbaria High School (1964), Chhipatoli Gawsia Muinia Alia Madrasa, Fatehabad High School.

Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Hathazari Barta, 'Chhara Patrika; monthly:' Hathazari Kantha; defunct: Daily East Pakistan (1921), Juger Alo (1923), Srijanshil Sahitya (1988).

Cultural organisations Museum 1, club 122, theatre group 1, theatre stage 1, cinema hall 1, women's organisation 2.

Amusement centers Tea Garden at Udalia, Chittagong University Campus.'

Main sources of income Agriculture 16.77%, non-agricultural labourer 2.66%, industry 0.96%, commerce 17.44%, transport and communication 5.54%, service 23.80%, construction 1.91%, religious service 0.45%, rent and remittance 14.05%' and others 16.42%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 45.93%, landless 54.07%.

Main crops Paddy, potato, brinjal, tomato, nut, mustard, sweet potato, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Wheat, corn, arahar.

Main fruits Jackfruit, mango, litchi, banana, papaya.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 1, dairy 27, poultry 137,' cattle breeding centre 3, hatchery 206.

Communication facilities Pucca road 69 km, mud road 362.25 km; railway 31 km; waterway 14 nautical miles.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart.

Noted manufactories Biscuit factory 1, chemical industry 1, paper mill 1, garment 2, welding factory 3, flour mill 27, ice factory 18, rice mill 32, saw mill 25, spices mill 13, pickle industry 4.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, embroidery, cane work, bamboo work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 44, fairs 8, most noted of which are Hathazari Bazar, Aman Bazar; Nazirhat, Katir Hat, Sarkar Hat, Nandir Hat, Chowdhury Hat, Laliar Hat, Nozumiah Hat; Mandakini Mela (Forhabad), Mirzapur Baishakhi Mela, Chikondandy Surjokhola Mela, Rudro Mela, Chaitra Sankaranti Mela, Paus Sankranti Mela, Rathjatra Mela of Jagannath Dev.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 69.12%' of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Natural resources Historical Jalalabad Hill, Rajbaijja Hillock, Nachoinnah Hillock.'

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 87.53%, tap 3.03%, pond 2.87% and others 6.65%.

Sanitation 54.16% of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 35.91% of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 9.94% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Hospital 1, upazila health complex 1, union health community centre 5, family' health welfare centre 8, maternity welfare centre 1, clinic 23.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are asa, CARE, Annesha, Uttaran. [Syed Sajahan]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Hathazari Upazila 2007.