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Jhenaidah Sadar Upazila


Jhenaidah Sadar Upazila (jhenaidah district) area 467.75 sq km, located in between 23'26' and 23'36' north latitudes and in between 88'57' and 89'20' east longitudes. It is bounded by harinakunda and shailkupa upazilas on the north, kaliganj (jhenaidah) and salikha upazilas on the south, magura sadar upazila on the east, kotchandpur and chuadanga sadar upazilas on the west.

Population Total' 394152; male 204256, female 189896; Muslim 349705, Hindu 44323, Buddhist 85, Christian 8 and others 31.

Water bodies Main rivers: Begabati, nabaganga.

Administration Jhenaidah Thana was formed in 1793 and it was turned into an upazila' in 1984.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

1

17

268

283

88687

305465

843

63.8

42.5

Municipality

Area
(sq km)

Ward

Mahalla

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate
(%)

39.62

09

34

86919

2193

64.3

Upazila Town

Area
(sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate
(%)

29.75

1

1768

59

43.0

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female


Kalicharanpur 42

4180

7084

6593

44.67

Kumrabaria 47

6079

9203

8564

41.24

Ganna 15

8659

13036

12556

39.26

Ghorshal 21

6685

8859

8090

42.38

Dogachhi 11

4502

6117

5878

47.02

Naldanga 63

8398

10985

10266

49.92

Padmakar 68

4308

8241

7860

42.42

Paglakanai 73

2980

7116

6673

44.50

Porahati 79

8174

11495

10680

42.82

Fursandi 13

7016

8076

7625

39.22

Madhuhati 52

9127

11577

11190

35.28

Moharajpur 58

8763

12171

11547

45.16

Saganna 84

4881

9485

8873

39.49

Sadhuhati 89

6218

9992

9587

42.28

Surat 94

4144

6529

6000

44.76

Harishankarpur 31

6666

9036

8575

44.11

Halidhani 26

5014

8966

8708

42.16


Source  Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics House of Naldangar Raja, house of Salim Chowdhury (1822), Pancha Ratna Temple, tomb of Pagla Kanai at Berbari, house of KP Basu, Madhupur Neelkuthi, Dhol Samudra.

History of the War of Liberation On 16 April 1971 an encounter between the freedom fighters and the Pak army was held on the bank of the Begabati of Bishkhali in which 7 freedom fighters were killed and many were wounded.'

JhenaidahaSadarUpazila.jpg

Religious institutions Mosque 435, temple 3, church 1.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 47.4%; male 52.3%, female 42.1%. Educational institutions: college 15, polytechnic institute 1, secondary school 63, primary school 186, madrasa 40. Noted educational institutions: Government KC College (1960), Jhenaidah Cadet College (1963), Government Nurunnahar Mohila College (1985), Jhenaidah Government High School (1877), Wazir Ali High School (1903), Jhenaidah Government Girls' High School (1954), Kanchan Nagar Model High School, Harishankarpur JC Biddapith (1918), Jhenaidah Siddikia Alim Madrasa (1967).

Newspapers and periodicals Present: Daily Jhenaidah, Daily Adhibeshan, Daily Jhenaidah Bani; weekly: Aunirvan, Bir Darpan.

Cultural organisations Library 2, club 30, cinema hall 5, theatre stage 1, theatre group 7, women society 41.

Main sources of income Agriculture 60.12%, non-agricultural labourer 3.28%, industry 1.16%, commerce 15.36%, transport and communication 5.21%, service 7.45%, construction 1.91%, religious service 0.18%, rent and remittance 0.81% and others 4.52%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 61.47%, landless 38.53%; agricultural landowner: urban 47.48% and rural 65.35%.

Main crops Paddy, jute, sugarcane, wheat, barley, betel leaf, potato, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sesame, linseed, sweet potato, arahar.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, litchi, banana, papaya, date.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Dairy 13, poultry 281.

Communication facilities Pucca road 63 km, semi-pucca road 58 km, mud road 646 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart, horse carriage.

Noted manufactories Pulse mill, flour mill, oil mill, rice mill, ice factory.

Cottage industries Weaving, blacksmith.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 38, most noted of which are Jhenaidah Sadar, Gopalpur, Bhatai, Tentultala, Bishaykhali, Narikelbaria and Madhupur hats.

''Main exports ' Paddy, jute, betel leaf, banana, date molasses, vegetables.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 31.57% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water 'Tube-well 91.68%, pond 0.17%, tap 5.57% and others 2.58%.

Sanitation 25.27% (rural 16.45% and urban 57.08%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 41.04% (rural 44.23% and urban 29.50%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 33.70% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Hospital 1, upazila health complex 1, Shishu Hospital 1, eye hospital 1, diabetic hospital 1, maternity and child welfare centre 1, family welfare centre 1, maternity 1, satellite clinic 1.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa, Dipshikha, Srijani. [Md Moshiur Rahman]

References' Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Jhenaidah Sadar Upazila 2007.