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Kaharole Upazila


Kaharole Upazila (dinajpur district) area 205.54 sq km, located in between 25°44' and 25°53' north latitudes and in between 88°30' and 89°43' east longitudes. It is bounded by birganj upazila on the north, dinajpur sadar and biral upazilas on south, khansama and Dinajpur Sadar upazilas on the east, bochaganj upazila on the west.

Population Total 137315; male 70088, female 67227; Muslim 73309, Hindu 60641, Buddhist 1280, Christian 46 and others 2039. Indigenous community such as santal belongs to this upazila.

Water bodies Main rivers: punarbhaba, atrai, Dhepa; Kanchan, Hansh beels are notable.

Administration Kaharole Thana was formed in 1904 and it was turned into an upazila in 1984.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

-

6

153

152

6524

130791

668

49.3

40.4

Upazila Town

Area
(sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

4.51

4

6524

1447

49.3

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Dabar 15

8465

11089

10852

42.44

Targaon 94

8676

10351

10181

38.89

Mukundapur 31

8283

13851

12908

42.61

Rasulpur 63

8616

10874

10654

40.73

Ramchandrapur 47

8466

12135

11226

41.08

Sundarpur 79

8285

11788

11406

39.07

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Kantanagar Temple (1752, Targaon), Nayabad Mosque (Ramchandrapur).

History of the War of Liberation In 1971 an encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at village Madanpur in which one freedom fighter was killed and so were a number of Pak soldiers.

KaharoleUpazila.jpg

Marks of the War of Liberation Memorial monument 1.

Religious institutions Mosque 237, temple 125, church 5.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 40.9%; male 48.3%, female 33.1%. Educational institutions: college 5, secondary school 46, primary school 143, madrasa 20. Noted educational institutions: Kaharole College (1983), Kaharole Women's Degree College (1997), Purba Mallikpur HM College (1990), Kaharole High School (1940), Isanpur School (1953), Ramchandrapur School (1962), Kaharole Bazar Fazil Madrasa (1985).

Cultural organisations Library 1, club 15, cinema hall 1.

Main sources of income Agriculture 77.22%, non-agricultural labourer 2.05%, commerce 9.49%, transport and communication 3.10%, service 3.08%, construction 0.92%, religious service 0.16%, rent and remittance 0.27% and others 3.71%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 54.22%, landless 45.78%; agricultural landowner: urban 37.48% and rural 55.04%.

Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, maize, sugarcane, potato, pulse, oil seed.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Aus paddy, linseed, kaun.

Main fruits Mango, banana, jackfruit, litchi, shaddock.

Communication facilities Pucca road 43 km, semi-pucca road 50 km, mud road 330 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart, horse carriage.

Noted manufactories Rice mill, flour mill.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, wood work, bamboo work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 26, fair 1 (Kantaji Mela).

Main exports Paddy, rice, jute, wheat, potato, banana.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 35.10% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 97.52%, tap 0.15%, pond 0.03% and others 2.30%.

Sanitation 4.79% (rural 3.97% and urban 21.37%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 22.82% (rural 22.39% and urban 31.58%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 72.39% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, union health and family planning centre 5, leprosy treatment centre 1, NGO conducted health centre 1, veterinary clinic 1.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa, Gram Bikash, CARE, proshika, caritas. [Md Ali Hossain]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Kaharole Upazila 2007.