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Koyra Upazila


Koyra Upazila (khulna district) area 1775.41 sq km, located in between 22°12' and 22°31' north latitudes and in between 89°15' and 89°26' east longitudes. It is bounded by paikgachha upazila on the north, the bay of bengal and sundarbans on the south, dacope upazila on the east, assasuni and shyamnagar upazila on the west.

Population Total 192534; male 95993, female 96541; Muslim 149321, Hindu 42462, Buddhist 454 and others 297.

Water bodies Main rivers: dharla, pasur, arpangachhia, Taldhup, Malancha, kobadak, ball; Koyra canal is notable.

Administration Koyra Thana was formed in 1980 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

-

7

72

131

11342

181192

108

45.21

44.42

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate
(%)

10.06

1

11342

1127

45.21

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Amadi 05

10255

16066

16058

46.00

Uttar Bedkashi 94

5544

7280

7151

42.96

Koyra 55

8250

15899

16600

43.66

Dakshin Bedkashi 22

5971

9778

9622

38.35

Bagali 11

11985

16179

16979

44.87

Maharajpur 72

10474

15210

15267

45.13

Maheshwaripur 78

12541

15581

14868

47.06

Source  Bangladesh Population Census- 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Buro Mosque (Amadi union, 15th century), Parimala Statue (Chamunda), Mali Bari Mosque, Dhali Bari Mosque, Madinabad Fakirbari Mosque, Mosque Al Hera, Barabari Puja Mandir (Uttar Bedkashi), Banskhali Bahadur Bari Mandir (Bagali), Haripur Kali Mandir (Uttar Bedkashi), Mathbari Durga Mandir (Maharajpur), Radha Govinda Mandir (Bagali), Madinabad Mandir.

KoyraUpazila.jpg

History of the War of Liberation Koyra upazila was under Sector 9 during the war of liberation. The headquarters of the sub-sector of Sector 9 was established in Koyra. Most of the operations of the freedom fighters (Muktibahini and Mujibbahini) were launched from this headquarters. The freedom fighters established two camps, one at village Jhelaghata and the other at village Bamia of the upazila. The names of these camps were Martyr Narayan Camp and Suharawardi Camp. The secret medical centre run by Dr Rafiqul Islam at Jaigirmahal played an important role in giving medical treatment to wounded freedom fighters.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 1 (Koyra No. 4 Launch Ghat, Mariaghata).

Religious institutions Buro Mosque (Amadi), Mali Bari Mosque, Dhali Bari Mosque, Madinabad Fakirbari Mosque, Mosque Al Hera, Barabari Puja Mandir (Uttar Bedkashi), Banskhali Bahadur Bari Mandir, Haripur Kali Mandir (Uttar Bedkashi), Mathbari Durga Mandir (Maharajpur), Radha Govinda Mandir (Bagali), Madinabad Mandir.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 32.4%; male 43.6%, female 21.4%. Educational institutions: college 3, secondary school 35, primary school 112, community school 11, satellite school 9, madrasa 27. Noted educational institutions: Kapatakha College (1984), Jobeda Khanam College (1996), Kamaruddin High School, Koyra Madinabad High School, Sundarban Secondary School, Uttar Bedkashi Secondary School, Dakshin Bedkashi Secondary School, Amadi High School.

Newspapers and periodicals Kapatakha (2002).

Cultural organisations Library 1, cyclone centre 12.

Tourists spots The extended Sundarbans on the eastern and southern parts of Koyra upazila and the tourist resort at the entrance of the Sundarbans (Maheshwaripur) are the notable tourist spots of the upazila.

Main sources of income Agriculture 66.64%, non-agricultural labourer 7.12%, industry 0.51%, commerce 12.66%, transport and communication 1.85%, service 3.54%, construction 1.31%, religious service 0.31%, rent and remittance 0.09% and others 5.97%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 62.76%, landless 37.24%; agricultural landowner: urban 63.51% and rural 50.74%.

Main crops Paddy, potato, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sesame, linseed, sugarcane, kaun.

Main fruits Mango, blackberry, banana, jackfruit, coconut, papaya, betel nut, watermelon.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Shrimp gher 3138, hatchery 5, shrimp depot 273, nursery 6.

Communication facilities Pucca road 21 km, semi-pucca road 80 km, mud road 142 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart.

Noted manufactories Rice mill, oil mill, flour mill, saw mill, ice factory.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 28. Hugla Hat, Amadi Hat, Ghorilal Hat, Sutar Hat, Ghugrakati Hat, Khoralkati Hat; Jorsingh Bazar; Dakshin Betkashi Banbibir Mela, Padmapukur Rath Mela, Hariharpur Rath Mela are notable.

Main exports Fish fry, timber, golpata, honey, handicraft.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 5.49% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 43.82%, tap 1.08%, pond 54.97% and others 0.13%. The presence of arsenic in an intolerable level has been detected in 199 shallow tube-well water of the upazila.

Sanitation 30.97% (rural 32.43% and urban 7.36%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 59.80% (rural 58.03% and urban 88.29%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 9.24% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Hospital 1, upazila health complex 1, charitable hospital 1, family planning centre 2, clinic 8.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, proshika, Prodipan. [Md Ashraful Islam Goldar]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Field report of Koyra Upazila 2007.