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Lakshmipur District


Lakshmipur District (chittagong division) area 1367.59 sq km, located in between 22°30' and 23°10' north latitudes and in between 90°38' and 90°01' east longitudes. It is bounded by chandpur district on the north, bhola and noakhali districts on the south, Noakhali district on the east, barisal and Bhola districts and meghna river on the west.

Population Total 1654102; male 829227, female 824875; Muslim 1592807, Hindu 60933, Buddhist 83, Christian 76 and others 203.

Water bodies Main rivers: Meghna, dakatia, Katakhali.

Administration Lakshmipur Sub Division was formed in 1979 and it was turned into a district in 1984.

District
Area (sq km) Upazila Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural

1600.24

5

3

55

472

609

287309

1366793

1023

42.9

Others Information of District

Name of Upazila

Area
(sq km)

Municipality

Union

Mouza

Village

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate
(%)

Kamalnagar

144.28

-

5

25

70

164201

689

26.6

Ramganj

169.31

1

10

122

133

284304

1679

54.0

Ramgati

291.82

-

12

50

70

393354

689

29.5

Raipur

247.40

1

10

49

81

236965

958

42.3

Lakshmipur Sadar

514.78

1

18

226

255

575278

1117

46.2

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

LakshmipurDistrict.jpg

History of the War of Liberation On 7 June 1971 the freedom fighters of Lakshmipur launched an attack on the Pak army at Ramganj Road and destroyed one Pak military convoy and a jeep. On 6 July 1971 the freedom fighters launched a surprise attack on the Pak army at a place adjacent to the Rahmatkhali Bridge near Lakshmipur town in which 70 Pak soldiers were killed. On 25 October a frontal battle was fought between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at Mirganj in which 70 Pak soldiers including one Pak Major and 41 Rangers were killed. During the war of liberation an encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at a place on the bank of Fatehpur Dighi of Ramganj upazila in which a number of Pak soldiers were killed. Later on the Pak army captured 14 freedom fighters, took them to their Ramganj camp and killed all of them. Another encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at the turn of the Zaminder Hat of Ramgati upazila in which 17 Pak soldiers including a few razakars were killed.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 4, mass killing site 2, memorial monument 3.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 42.9%; male 44.3%, female 41.7%. Educational institutions: college 17, law college 1, homeopathy college 1, technical education institution 2, primary teachers training institute (PTI) 1, secondary school 159, primary school 657, satellite school 35, community school 27, madrasa 167, maktab 240. Noted educational institutions: Lakshmipur Government College (1964), Ramganj Government College (1967), Lakshmipur Government Girls' High School (1898), Gopalpur Dwrika High School (1901), Chaupalli KD High School (1905), Raipur LM Pilot High School (1911), Lakshmipur Ideal Samad Government High School (1912), Duttapara Ramratan High School (1912), Mirpur High School (1924),' Chandipur Mansha High School (1924), Dalal Bazar NK High School (1924), Choupalli Joytara High School (1928), Gopinathpur Champka Girls' High School (1929), Ramgati BBK Pilot Ideal High School (1933), Primary Teachers Training Institute (1953), Raipur Alia Madrasa (1886), Bhawaniganj Karamatia Senior Madrasa (1904).

Main sources of income Agriculture 47.51%, non-agricultural labourer 3.19%, industry 0.85%, commerce 14.40%, transport and communication 3.58%, service 11.02%, construction 2.01%, religious service 0.42%, rent and remittance 5.96% and others 11.06%.

Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Lakshmipur Kantha (1995), Al-Chist (1995); weekly: Natun Samaj (Natun Desh, 1972), Samabay Barta (Bangladesh Barta, 1973), Mukti Bani (1928, defunct), Ganamukh (1973, defunct), Elan (1982), Natun Path (1987), Damama (1992), Ananda Akash (1995, defunct), Ramganj Barta (1991), Rojnamcha (defunct); fortnightly: Abasar; monthly: Renaissance, Jagaran (2000), Dakatia; quarterly: Raipur Darpan (1998); periodicals: Chetana (1969), Prachchhad (1984), Chhayapath, Kabita Barta, Ramgati Darpan, Lakshmipur Barta (1989), Ramgati Barta (1998), Agraj (1999), Bichitrita (1994).

Folk culture Notable folk culture of the district include rhymes, puzzles, proverbs, Lokagatha (folk tale), Palagan, Murshidi and Sarigan.

Tourists spots Ramganj Ansar Battalion and Sreerampur Rajbari. [Md. Shajahan]

See also The upazilas under this district.

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Lakshmipur District 2007; Cultural survey report of Upazilas of Lakshmipur District 2007.