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Mathbaria Upazila


Mathbaria Upazila (pirojpur district) area 353.25 sq km, located in between 22°09' and 22°24' north latitudes and in between 89°52' and 90°03' east longitudes. It is bounded by pirojpur sadar and bhandaria upazilas on the north, patharghata upazila on the south, bamna and kanthalia upazilas on the east, sarankhola and morrelganj upazilas on the west.

Population Total 263527; male 131940, female 131587; Muslim 233999, Hindu 29337, Buddhist 9, Christian 9 and others 173.

Water bodies Main rivers: Baleshwari, katcha, Pona.

Administration Mathbaria Thana, now an upazila, was formed in 1981.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

1

11

67

94

25795

237732

746

69.7

62.0

Municipality

Area (sq km)

Ward

Mahalla

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

6.55

9

16

15407

2352

74.27

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

15.92

3

10388

653

62.9

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Amragachhia 15

8069

11459

11505

64.85

Gulishakhali 51

6980

8909

8978

58.24

Tikikata 86

8210

13252

13096

61.82

Tushkhali 94

4140

8290

8622

59.05

Daudkhali 34

7292

12379

12357

58.60

Dhanisafa 43

7423

13594

13821

64.31

Bara Machhua 17

3707

5975

5862

58.05

Betmore Rajpara 25

6198

9765

9861

63.30

Mathbaria 60

7129

11232

11034

63.22

Mirukhali 69

7940

12912

12995

60.88

Sapleza 77

12396

16042

16180

65.32

Source  Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

MathbariaUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Sonakhali Zamindar Bari, Kuthibari at Sapleza.

Historical events During the period between 1830 and 1870 peasant movements were held against the Ijaradars in protest of imposing enhanced rents at Tushkhali. In the month of May 1971, the razakars killed 12 freedom fighters at Jhatipunia.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass killing site 1.

Religious institutions Mosque 720, temple 20, sacred place 1. Noted religious institutions: Bandar Jami Mosque, Safa Jami Mosque, Mathbaria Hari Mandir.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 62.8%; male 62.8%, female 37.2%. Educational institutions: college 2, secondary school 35, primary school 158, madrasa 182. Noted educational institutions: Mathbaria Government Degree College, Mohiuddin Mohila College, KM Latif Institution (1928), Gulishakhali GK Union High School, Bara Machhua United High School, Noli Bhim Chandra Secondary School (1928).

Newspapers and periodicals Fortnightly: Mathbaria Samachar.

Cultural organisations Library 5, club 19, cinema hall 1, theatre group 1.

Main sources of income Agriculture 59.89%, non-agricultural labourer 4.49%, commerce 12.81%, transport and communication 1.86%, service 7.10%, construction 1.36%, religious service 0.24%, rent and remittance 2.13% and others 10.12%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 65.16%, landless 34.84%; agricultural landowner: urban 54.04% and rural 66.32%.'

Main crops Paddy, wheat, sugarcane, pulse, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Betel leaf, jute, sesame, mustard.

Main fruits Mango, coconut, jackfruit, banana, betel nut, hog-plum.

Communication facilities Pucca road 39 km, semi-pucca road 12 km, mud road 420 km; waterway 8 nautical miles.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin.

Noted manufactories Ice factory, saw mill, rice mill.

Cottage industries Blacksmith, weaving, potteries, bamboo work, bidi factory, welding factory.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 31, fairs 3, most noted of which are Mathbaria Hat, Tushkhali Hat, Bara Machhua Hat and Pahela Baishakh Mela (Port at Mathbaria).

Main exports Betel nut, coconut.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 10.46% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 27.65%, tap 5.96%, pond 63.73% and others 2.66%.

Sanitation 35.48% (rural 31.99% and urban 69%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 56.60% (rural 59.91% and urban 24.75%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 7.92% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Hospital 1, rural health centre 49, satellite clinic 2, family planning centre 7.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, proshika, asa, Jubuk, Songram, Sold, Hido. [Md. Mizanur Rahman]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Mathbaria Upazila 2007.