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Matiranga Upazila


Matiranga Upazila (khagrachhari district) area 495.39 sq km, located in between 22°56' and 23°24' north latitudes and in between 91°44' and 91°58' east longitudes. It is bounded by the tripura state of India on the north, ramgarh upazila on the south, panchhari, khagrachhari sadar and mahalchhari upazilas on the east, Tripura state of India on the west.

Population Total 106322; male 55370, female 50952; Muslim 71055, Hindu 23303, Buddhist 178, Christian 11690 and others 96. Indigenous communities such as tripura, chakma, marma belong to this upazila.

Water bodies Main rivers: gumti, Pilac, feni; Dhalia Canal is notable.

Administration Matiranga Thana, now an upazila, was formed in 1980.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

-

7

28

342

8306

98016

215

57.8

36.1

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

2.59

1

8306

3207

57.83

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Guimara 35

22400

8367

7515

38.27

Gumti 47

25600

8636

8167

35.24

Tubalchhari 76

7680

8139

7673

35.49

Taindang 83

10880

6545

6459

37.69

Baranala 11

9600

4877

4153

41.61

Belchhari 23

11520

5591

5145

39.69

Matiranga 59

33920

13215

11840

39.03

Source  Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

MatirangaUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Alu Tila Chaitta Buddhist Vihara, Bhagaban Tila.

Religious institutions Mosque 55, temple 27, pagoda 25, sacred place 1 (Matai Pukhiri). Noted religious institutions: Matiranga Jami Mosque, Taliafang Shiva Temple, Gumti Shiva Temple.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 37.9%; male 46.1%, female 29%. Educational institutions: college 1, secondary school 12, primary school 73, community school 12, adult education center 4, madrasa 6. Noted educational institutions: Matiranga Degree College (1992), Matiranga Pilot High School, Matiranga Girls' High School, Matiranga Technical Institute, Tubalchhari TK High School (1952), Tubalchhari Kadamtali High School (1959), Taindang Islamia Senior Madrasa (1982).

Newspapers and periodicals Weekly: Parbatta Bani

Cultural organisations Library 1, club 10, cinema hall 5, women's organisation 4, playground 20.

Main sources of income Agriculture 60.50%, non-agricultural labourer 9.79%, industry 0.46%, commerce 11.60%, transport and communication 0.53%, service 5.49%, construction 0.56%, religious service 0.28%, rent and remittance 0.50% and others 10.29%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 36.92%, landless 63.08%; agricultural landowner: urban 26.79% and rural 37.68%.'

Main crops Paddy, rubber, sugarcane, potato, corn, cotton, arahar, vegetables.'

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Jute, kaun, mustard, sesame.

Main fruits Jackfruit, banana, mango, blackberry, litchi, papaya, lemon, pineapple, kul, custard apple, guava, kamranga, wood-apple, shaddock.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 63, poultry 40, hatchery 1.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Bullock cart.

Noted manufactories Saw mill, flour mill, plywood factory, brickfield.

Cottage industries Potteries, embroidery, weaving, bamboo work, cane work, wood work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 6, fair 1, most noted of which are Matiranga Hat, Guimara Hat, Tubalchhari Hat, Belchhari Hat, Gumti Hat, Taindang Hat, Kagori Chowdhury Mela.

Main exports Wood, paddy, cotton, banana, papaya.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 8.18% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 56.8%, tap 0.26%, pond 4.66% and others 38.28%.

Sanitation 19.86% (rural 15.71% and urban 75.79%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 64.81% (rural 68.03% and urban 21.36%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 15.33%' of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 8, rural health centre 1, satellite clinic 3.

NGO activities Operationally important NGO is brac. [Proshanto Kumar Tripura]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Matiranga Upazila 2007.