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Mohammadpur Upazila


Mohammadpur Upazila (magura district) area 234.29 sq km, located in between 23°17' and 23°31' north latitudes and in between 89°29' and 89°42' east longitudes. It is bounded by madhukhali upazila on the north, lohagara upazila on the south, boalmari and alfadanga upazilas on the east, magura sadar, salikha and Madhukhali upazilas on the west.

Population Total 188753; male 95757, female 92996; Muslim 166858, Hindu 21808, Buddhist 16, Christian 8 and others 63.

Water bodies Main rivers: gorai-madhumati, nabaganga, Nirbishkhali; Woapara Beel and Titadaha 'Beel are notable.

Administration Mohammadpur Thana was formed in 1924 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

-

8

132

183

8995

179758

806

52.4

44.1

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

6.28

5

8995

1432

52.4

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Digha 42

5200

9210

9021

42.47

Nahata 63

8764

12799

12442

45.93

Palashbaria 73

8029

12459

12526

45.72

Babukhali 10

8202

11863

11410

41.40

Balidia 21

7448

12404

12182

45.51

Binodepur 31

7217

14992

14445

40.79

Mohammadpur 52

5707

13674

12788

44.95

Rajapur 84

5840

8356

8182

51.13

Source  Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

MohammadpurUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Kali Mandir at Dashbhuja (1699), Lakshmi Narayan Temple (1704), residence of Raja Sitaram Roy, Neelkuthi.

Historical events 'During the reign of Emperor Jahangir, Raja Sitaram Roy (Zaminder of this region) stopped paying tax to the emperor and declared himself a sovereign king. He renamed his capital as Mohammadpur (previous name was Bagjan) after the name of Muslim Fakir Mahmud Shah.

Religious institutions Mosque 291, temple 50.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 44.5%; male 48.7%, female 40.2%. Educational institutions: college 6, secondary school 29, primary school 60, community school 124, brac school 124, satellite school 16, madrasa 42. Noted educational institutions: Binodepur Basant Kumar Multilateral Secondary School (1904), Nahata Rani Patit Pabani Secondary School (1924), Dhuljora Churargati Pratapchandra Secondary School (1927), Bararia AW Senior Madrasa (1907), Nahata AG Fazil Madrasa (1921).

Cultural organisations Library 1, club 32.

Main sources of income Agriculture 68.46%, non-agricultural labourer 2.60%, industry 1.02%, commerce 10.93%, transport and communication 3.10%, service 8.15%, construction 1.07%, religious service 0.17%, rent and remittance 0.31% and others 4.19%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 65.49%, landless 34.51%; agricultural landowner: urban 54.97% and rural 66.03%.'

Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, onion, garlic.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Arahar, linseed, barley.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, banana, palm, coconut.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 890, dairy 46, poultry 42.

Communication facilities Pucca road 32 km, semi-pucca road 35 km, mud road 1530 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart.

Noted manufactories Rice mill, ice factory,' welding factory.

Cottage industries Blacksmith, potteries, weaving, bamboo work, cane work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 40, fairs 2, most noted of which are Mohammadpur Hat, Binodepur Hat, Shirgram Hat, Babukhali Hat, Balidia Hat, Nahata Hat, Palashbaria Hat, Boroli Mela and Durga Puja Mela at Mohammadpur.

Main exports Paddy, jute, onion, garlic.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 14.06% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 95.88%, tap 0.95%, pond 0.75% and others 2.42%.

Sanitation 13.66% (rural 12.95% and urban 27.51%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 61.10% (rural 61.14% and urban 60.44%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 25.23% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family welfare centre 4, veterinary hospital 1.

Natural disasters The cyclones of 1909, 1961 and 1963, and the flood of 1971 caused heavy damages to settlements and crops of the upazila.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa. [Md. Mohebbullah]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Mohammadpur Upazila 2007.