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Pakundia Upazila


Pakundia Upazila (kishoreganj district) 'area 180.52 sq km, located in between 24°15' and 24°24' north latitudes and in between 90°37' and 90°46' east longitudes. It is bounded by hossainpur and kishoreganj sadar upazilas on the north, kapasia and monohardi upazilas on the south, katiadi upazila on the east, gaffargaon' upazila on the west.

Population Total 237218; male 120386, female 116832; Muslim 232210, Hindu 4860, Buddhist 10 and others 138.

Water bodies Main rivers: old brahmaputra, Narasunda, banar, Mangalahat; Padmakuri Beel, Bhara Beel, Kaheterdia Beel, Chaityakbali Beel, Baranala Beel, Bejurnala Beel, Naothaghya Beel, Digha Beel.

Administration Pakundia Thana was formed in 1922 and it was turned into an upazila on 14 September 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

-

10

97

172

10221

226997

1314

66.2

47.4

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

5.02

3

10221

2036

66.2

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Egarasindur 38

6778

16051

15597

46.91

Chandi Pasha 19

3388

10737

10402

48.48

Char Faradi 28

4106

11156

10823

47.62

Jangalia 57

6817

16018

15443

48.26

Narandi 66

3980

10058

9897

52.44

Pakundia 76

2333

9487

9059

57.18

Patuabhanga 85

6155

17140

16396

43.81

Barudia 09

4740

12891

12319

41.62

Sukhia 95

3208

8860

8880

43.55

Hosendi 47

3019

7988

8016

59.46

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

PakundiaUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Fort of Isa Khan at Egarasindur, Mosque of Mughal period.

History of the War of Liberation Direct encounters between the freedom fighters and the Pak army were held in different places of the upazila including Tarakandi, Kodalia and Kaliachapra. The Pak army, in collaboration with their local agents (razakars and dalals) killed about 200 people of the upazila and buried them in a mass grave at a place adjacent to the present BADC building. Freedom Fighter Badiul Alam was awarded the title of 'Bir Bikram' for his heroic role in the war of liberation. Pakundia was liberated in December.

Religious institutions Mosque 315, temple 5, tomb 4.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 48.2%; male 49.2%, female 47.2%. Noted educational institutions: Pakundia Degree College (1965), Pakundia Model Mohila Degree College (1993), Jangalia Union School and College (1969), Kodalia SI High School (1910), Pakundia Model Degree College, Pakundia Model Pilot High School (1958), Mangalbaria Kamil Madrasa (1802), Tarakandi Fazil Madrasa (1919).

Newspapers and periodicals Quaterly: Nabangkur.

Cultural organisations Library 7, club 20, cinema hall 1, women organisation 1, theatre stage 1.

Main sources of income Agriculture 66.90%, non-agricultural labourer 2.89%, industry 0.93%, commerce 10.80%, transport and communication 2.32%, service 5.86%, construction 0.85%, religious service 0.18%, rent and remittance 1.50% and others 7.77%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 67.12%, landless 32.88%; agricultural landowner: urban 56.86% and rural 67.58%.'

Main crops Paddy, maize, wheat, onion, potato, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sugarcane, mustard, sweet potato, jute.

Main fruits Mango, blackberry, jackfruit, litchi, banana, papaya, pineapple.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 51, dairy 44, poultry 63, hatchery 5.

Communication facilities Pucca road 56.30 km, semi-pucca road 4.31 km, mud road 364.85 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin.

Noted manufactories Sugar mill, flour mill, saw mill, rice mill, oil mill, bakery, brick-field.

Cottage industries Blacksmith, potteries, weaving, embroidery, bamboo work, cane work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 24, fair 1, most noted of which are Pakundia Bazar and Kodalia Mela.

Main exports Paddy, banana, papaya, vegetables.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 13.79% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well' 84.51%, tap 0.66%, pond 0.97% and others 13.86%.

Sanitation 24.50% (rural 23.25% and urban 52.88%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 42.89% (rural 43.31% and urban 33.27%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 32.61% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 8.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa, caritas. [Md. Jahangir Alam]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Pakundia Upazila 2007.