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Patnitala Upazila


Patnitala Upazila (naogaon district) area 382.39 sq km, located in between 24°59' and 25°12' north latitudes and in between 88°35' and 88°55' east longitudes. It is bounded by dhamoirhat upazila and west bengal state of India on the north, mahadebpur upazila on the south, badalgachhi upazila on the east, sapahar and porsha upazilas on the west.

Population Total 209440; male 108529, female 100911; Muslim 163453, Hindu 30830, Buddhist 3641, Christian 43 and others 11473. Indigenous communities such as santal, oraon, Mahali and munda belong to this upazila.

Water bodies Main rivers: atrai, shiba.

Administration Patnitala Thana was formed in 1907 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

1

11

297

292

16929

192511

548

64.7

48.4

Municipality

Area (sq km)

Ward

Mahalla

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

11.82

9

14

16929

1432

64.66

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Akbarpur 12

8317

10054

9454

47.06

Amair 17

8413

10074

9409

42.70

Krishnapur 43

10233

10754

10250

44.93

Ghoshnagar 34

7572

10585

9881

53.49

Dibar 25

7787

7816

7329

48.84

Nazipur 60

7589

5719

5326

51.07

Nirmail 69

9093

6515

6160

50.88

Patnitala 86

8915

9877

9577

45.74

Patichara 77

7899

9613

8606

52.63

Matindhar 51

8742

9417

8789

48.14

Shihara 94

9155

9008

8298

49.34

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001,Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

PatnitalaUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Dibar Dighi and Vhimer Panyhi (1075), Victory Pillar of Raja Divyak, Amair Dighi, 'Kangan Dighi and Jogir Ghopa are notable.

Religious institutions Mosque 336, temple 147, church 9, sacred place 1.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 49.8%; male 53.1%, female 46.3%. Educational institutions: college 4, primary school 122, madrasa 28. Noted educational institutions: Nazipur Government College (1973), Nazipur Mohila College (1995), Katabari High School (1924), Nazipur Pilot High School (1930), Sarlabala (Gandhi) Girls' School (1920), Nazipur Siddiqia Fazil Madrasa (1969).

Cultural organisations Library 1, club 24, theatre group 2, cinema hall 4, women's organisation 1, playground 6.

Main sources of income Agriculture 80.24%, non-agricultural labourer 2.07%, industry 0.70%, commerce 7.75%, transport and communication 2.05%, service 3.64%, construction 0.41%, religious service 0.14%, rent and remittance 0.06% and others 2.94%.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, potato, sugarcane, onion, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Aus paddy, barley, tobacco.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, banana, litchi, watermelon.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 5, dairy 4, poultry 30, hatchery 2.

Communication facilities Pucca road 35.66 km, semi-pucca road 480 km, mud road 418.27 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, dhuli, horse carriage, bullock cart.

Noted manufactories Flour mill, rice mill, ice factory, biscuit factory.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, bamboo work, wood work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 29, fairs 12, most noted of which are Madhail Hat, Shibpur Hat, Nazipur Hat, Chaitra Samkranti Mela at Trimohani, Baruni Snan Mela, Kashipur Mela, Padmapukur Mela, Jatnipatni Mela.

Main exports Molasses, paddy, rice, watermelon.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under electrification net-work. However 8.76% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Natural resources Zinc mine (Ambati), lime stone (Chawknirkhin) and China mati (a fine species of porcelain) have been detected in the upazila.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 85.66%, tap 0.63%, pond 0.67% and others 13.04%.

Sanitation 12.58% (rural 10.06% and urban 42.06%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 22.79% (rural 22.24% and urban 29.12%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 64.64% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 5, satellite clinic 6, hospital 2, community clinic 6.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are caritas, CARE, proshika, brac, asa, thengamara mahila sabuj sangha. [Shamsul Arefin Tuhin]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Patnitala Upazila 2007.