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Rangunia Upazila


Rangunia Upazila (chittagong district) area 410.73 sq km, located in between 22°18' and 22°370' north latitudes and in between 91°58' and 92°08' east longitudes. It is bounded by kawkhali upazila (rangamati) on the north, chandanaish, patiya and boalkhali upazilas on the south, kaptai, rajasthali and bandarban sadar upazilas on the east, raozan and Kawkhali upazilas on the west.

Population Total 303998; male 157596, female 146402; Muslim 236474, Hindu 44975, Buddhist 478, Christian 16378 and others 65. Indigenous communities such as chakma and marma belong to this upazila.

Water bodies Main river: karnafuli.

Administration Rangunia Thana was formed on 24 January 1962 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983. Municipality was formed on 4 July 2000.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

1

15

72

136

53035

245335

825

63.5

52.2

Municipality

Area (sq km)

Ward

Mahalla

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

21.68

9

22

29999

1384

63.3

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

15.40

3

23036

1496

63.9

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Islampur

8849

10895

9007

47.46

Kodala 30

8616

8174

7320

44.07

Chandraghona Kadamtali 17

2774

13202

11487

59.22

Dakshin Rajanagar

4646

5612

4640

63.83

Padua 43

17821

15456

14466

44.26

Parua 51

8702

7175

7190

54.29

Pomara 60

5307

12666

12050

66.25

Betagi 15

4378

10312

10306

58.21

Mariamnagar 34

1516

8683

8459

65.61

Rangunia 77

3656

5262

4980

62.15

Rajanagar 69

19077

24275

20069

45.73

Lalanagar

1542

2751

2793

50.83

Silok 94

2493

8385

8515

55.72

Sarapbhata 86

6429

11650

11820

45.12

Hosnabad 25

6878

13098

13300

52.66

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001,Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

RanguniaUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Remnants of the palace Shukbilash (18th century), Ranir Pukur (Raja Hat), Pagla Mama Dargah (19th century), Shahen Shah Dargah (Pomara), Dharma Chakra Vihara (1750), Jagadhatri Mandir, Sree Sree Ramakrishna Mandir (Santiniketan), Shiva Chaturdashi Mandir (Parua), Krishna Mandir (Majumdarkhil), Sagar Dighi (Rajanagar), Mahamuni Buddhist Monastery, Simaghar.

Historical events Chakma kings (Shukdev Roy, Sher Daulat Khan, Jan Baksh Khan, Tabbar Khan, Jabbar Khan, Dharam Baksh Khan, Rani Kalindi, Harish Chandra Rai and others) ruled this area since 1757. Chakma King Harish Chandra transferred his capital from Rajanagar of Rangunia to Rangamati in 1874. In 1971 encounters were held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at Ranirhat, Rojarhat and Rangunia. The Pak army conducted looting, burning, rape and mass killing in various places of the upazila.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 2; memorial monument 3 (Rangunia College, Rangunia Ideal Multilateral Pilot High School and Ichakhali).

Religious institutions Mosque 359, temple 42, tomb 3, pagoda 41, sacred place 1. Noted religious institutions: Rajanagar Jami Mosque, Dharma Chakra Buddhist Vihara (Said Bari), Bedir Mandir.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 54.3%; male 57.4%, female 50.9%. Educational institutions: college 9, secondary school 41, primary school 148, madrasa 15. Noted educational institutions: Rangunia College (1963), Rangunia Ideal Multilateral Pilot High School (1915), Rangunia Khilmogal Rashik High School (1926), Rangunia Majumdarkhil High School (1927), Pomara High School (1928), Uttar Rangunia High School (1942), Kadamtali Government Primary School (1887), Uttar Padua Government Primary School (1902), Ghagra Shatgharia Government Primary School (1930), Rangunia Nurul Ulum Fazil Madrasa (1936).

Newspapers and periodicals Rangunia, Rupali Rangunia, Ashar Alo.

Cultural organisations Library 1, club 10, women's organisation 2, playground 30.

Tourists spots Remnants of the Chakma Rajbari (Shukbilash Padua), Mahamuni Buddhist Monastery, Tea garden (Agunia, Kodalia, Thandachhari).

Main sources of income Agriculture 39.71%, non-agricultural labourer 4.30%, industry 0.58%, commerce 16.24%, transport and communication 3.57%, service 12.31%, construction 1.03%, religious service 0.49%, rent and remittance 10.91% and others 10.86%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 41.19%, landless 58.81%; agricultural landowner: urban 38.21% and rural 41.81%.'

Main crops Paddy, tobacco, wheat, potato, onion, garlic, betel leaf, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Aus paddy, sesame, mustard, kaun.

Main fruits Mango, black berry, coconut, banana, litchi, papaya, hog plum, olive.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 45, dairy 7, poultry 65.

Communication facilities Pucca road 53 km, mud road 598 km; waterway 12.96 nautical miles.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart.

Noted manufactories Jute mill, carpet mill, saw mill, chemical industries, welding factory.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, weaving, potteries, tailoring, bamboo work, wood work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 22, fairs 8, most noted of which are Dhamaer Hat, Mughaler Hat, Roazar Hat, Shantir Hat, Mariam Nagar Hat, Chaitra Samkranti Mela (Rajanagar), Muharram Mela (Rangunia), Surya Brota Mela (Majumdarkhil Kadamtali), Rathjatra Mela and Bijoy Mela.

Main exports Betel leaf, papaya, vegetables.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 49.63% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Natural resources' Lime stone has been detected in this upazila.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 87.79%, tap 1.45%, pond 2.99% and others 7.77%.

Sanitation 48.31% (rural 45.90% and urban 59.77%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 36.20% (rural 37.23% and urban 31.30%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 15.49% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 11, satellite clinic 2.

NGO activities Operationally important NGO is caritas. [Suniti Ranjan Barua]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Rangunia Upazila 2007.