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Sharsha Upazila


Sharsha Upazila (jessore district) area 336.34 sq km, located in between 22°55' and 23°12' north latitudes and in between 88°51' and 89°01' east longitudes. It is bounded by west bengal state of India and chaugachha upazila on the north, kalaroa upazila on the south, jhikargachha upazila on the east, West Bengal state of India on the west.

Population Total 309633; male 158449, female 151184; Muslim 301336, Hindu 8061, Buddhist 191 and others 45.

Water bodies Main river: betna; Zila Beel, Sonanadia Beel, Barakona Beel, Banmandar Beel, Kalianir Beel, Balunda Beel and Rantapara' Beel are notable.

Administration Sharsha Thana was formed in 1910 and it was turned into an upazila on 3 July 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

-

11

135

172

4222

305411

921

59.28

42.49

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

3.08

1

4222

1371

59.28

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Ulashi 94

8622

15461

15038

41.50

Kayba 51

7794

14381

13814

4.53

Goga 43

7545

11749

11417

39.88

Dihi 34

8535

11953

11514

37.76

Nizampur 69

6285

9941

9687

39.54

Putkhali 77

7290

12667

12118

39.56

Bagachra 08

7224

15949

15313

42.99

Bahadurpur 17

8169

11695

10985

40.88

Benapole 25

7473

25235

23577

45.72

Lakshmanpur 60

6458

9125

8431

43.59

Sharsha 86

7715

20293

19290

50.09

Source  Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

SharsahUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Patbari Hindu Asram.

History of the War of Liberation During the war of liberation 12 freedom fighters were killed in an encounter with the Pak army at Kagajpukur near the Benapole border. Besides, the Pak army sacked three nearby villages.

Marks of the War of Liberation Memorial monument 2; the grave of Birsrestha nur mohammad sheikh (located at village Kashipur in Dihi Union).

Religious institutions Mosque 175, temple 8, church 2.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 42.72%; male 47%, female 38.25%. Noted educational institutions: Navaran Degree College (1972), Burung Bagan Secondary School (1942), Navaran High School (1952).

Newspapers and periodicals Sharsha Barta (defunct); literary periodical:' Orbachin.

Cultural organisations Library 1, club 25, cinema hall 3, playground 48, jatra party 4, women's organisation 1.

Main sources of income Agriculture 66.32%, non-agricultural labourer 3.99%, industry 0.94%, commerce 12.40%, transport and communication 3.60%, service 4.43%, construction 1.51%, religious service 0.14%, rent and remittance 0.66% and others 6.01%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 53.44%, landless 46.56%; agricultural landowner: urban 40.06% and rural 53.51%.'

Main crops Paddy, jute, potato, wheat, mustard,' musur, sesame, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Maskalai, linseed.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, plum, coconut, hog plum, date.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 372, dairy 139, poultry 85.

Communication facilities Pucca road 189 km, mud road 884 km; railway 35 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage.

Noted manufactories Rice mill, flour mill, ball pen factory, steel mill, textile mill, biscuit factory, ice factory, comb and button factory.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, embroidery.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 30, fairs 2, most noted of which are Sharsha Hat, Navaran Hat, Benapole Hat, Bagachra Hat, Ulashi Hat, Lakshmanpur Hat, Nizampur Hat, Tengra Hat, Kayba Hat, Kashipur Hat, Goga Hat and Bahadurpur Hat.

Main exports Date molasses, sesame, vegetables.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 30.46% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 92.82%, tap 0.93%, pond 0.68% and others 5.57%.

Sanitation 28.59% (rural 29.85% and urban 28.58%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 41.43% (rural 52.37% and urban 41.27%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 29.98% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic 1, health and family planning centre 11.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa. [Md. Abdul Khaleque]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Sharsha Upazila 2007.