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Sinha, Lord Satyendra Prasanna


Sinha, Lord Satyendra Prasanna (1863-1928) lawyer, member of British Parliament, member of Privy Council, Under Secretary of State for India, member of Governor General's Executive Council. The youngest son of Sitikantha Sinha, zamindar of Raipur under Birbhum district, Satyendra Prasanna Sinha was born on 24 March 1863. He passed the Entrance Examination from Birbhum Zilla School at the age of 14 in 1877. He had his FA from the Presidency College in 1879. Prasanna Sinha became a barrister from Lincoln's Inn in 1886. On his return home Sinha joined the Calcutta High Court as a lawyer.

Satyendra Prasanna Sinha was appointed a member of the Standing Counsel of the Government in 1904 and rose to the position of Advocate General in 1908. He became the law member in the Governor General's Executive Council following the morley-minto reforms of 1909.

At the outbreak of the First World War (1914-1918) Sinha went to England as a member of the War Conference. On the New Year's Day 1915, Sinha was knighted. In December 1915 Sir SP Sinha presided over the conference of the indian national congress. At the conclusion of the war Sinha represented India in the Peace Conference in Europe. As a very distinguished subject of the Raj, Sinha was made a baron during this time. He was also made a member of the 'King's Council' and of the 'Privy Council'. Lord Sinha became the Under Secretary of State for India, a position which was never held by any India either before or after him. Later, he also won a seat in the British Parliament. Sinha was made the governor of Bihar and Orissa in 1920. Never before or after him was ever appointed any Indian a governor of any province of British India. Lord Satyendra Prasanna Sinha died on 4 March 1928. [Muhammad Ansar Ali]