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Sundarganj Upazila


Sundarganj Upazila (gaibandha district) area 426.52 sq km, located in between 25°24' and 25°39' north latitudes and in between 89°24' and 89°43' east longitudes. It is bounded by pirgachha, ulipur and chilmari upazilas on the north, gaibandha sadar and sadullapur upazilas on the south, Chilmari and char rajibpur upazilas on the east, Pirgachha, mithapukur and Sadullapur upazilas on the west.

Population Total 398588; male 202270, female 196318; Muslim 363607, Hindu 34416, Buddhist 65, Christian 79 and others 421.

Water bodies Main rivers: tista, brahmaputra, ghaghat.

Administration Sundarganj Thana was formed in 1875 and it was turned into an upazila in 1984.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

1

15

110

183

32742

365846

935

39.7

30.4

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

25.96

8

32742

1261

39.71

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Kanchibari 50

5121

16412

15855

32.76

Kapasia 56

14792

4812

4418

21.49

Chandipur 18

5338

14110

13865

30.97

Chhaparhati 25

6593

16457

15827

27.50

Tarapur 94

7442

13256

13021

33.86

Dahabanda 31

5321

17356

16314

39.62

Dhopadanga 37

8182

12521

11692

34.66

Bamandanga 06

8645

20300

19475

35.71

Belka 12

5941

8918

8621

24.27

Ramjiban 63

5508

13005

12817

25.61

Shantiram 69

5074

13612

13550

33.20

Sreepur 88

7442

17333

17292

27.15

Sarbananda 75

6258

14975

15195

28.71

Sonaroy 82

4801

10918

10756

34.86

Haripur 44

8936

8285

7620

21.59

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

SundarganjUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Remnants of Bamandanga Zamindar Bari, Bhalua Bari Jami Mosque at Dharmapur,' Bamandanga Shiva Mandir, Kurar Math at Ramjiban.

History of the War of Liberation In 1971 the Pak army conducted mass killing, torture, rape and plundering in the upazila. The Pak army tortured to death about 18 innocent persons at different places of the upazila. On the night of Sab-e-Barat in 1971 an encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at Mather Hat. In the day following the freedom fighters dismantled the Mather Hat Bridge thereby dislocating the area from the Zila sadar.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 1; mass killing site 1; Shaheed Minar 1.

Religious institutions Mosque 490, temple 69, sacred place 1. Noted religious institutions: Dhakuabari Jami Mosque at Dharmapur.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 31.1%; male 36.2%, female 26%. Educational institutions: college 15, technical college 7, secondary school 52, primary school 220, kindergarten 8, community school 6, NGO operated school 218, madrasa 116. Noted educational institutions: Haripur Government Primary School (1880), Khamar Moniram Government Primary School (1910), Haripur BSM Girls' School (1914), Belka MC High School (1920), Bamandanga MN High School (1917), Kathgara Bilateral High School (1927), Shivram Adarsha Government Primary School.

Newspapers and periodicals Defunct: Sundarganj Barta, Spandan.

Cultural organisations Library 5, club 35, cinema hall 4, theatre group 14.

Main sources of income Agriculture 75.23%, non-agricultural labourer 2.35%, industry 0.38%, commerce 8.77%, transport and communication 1.92%, service 3.87%, construction 0.56%, religious service 0.17%, rent and remittance 0.14% and others 6.22%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 56.83%, landless 43.17%; agricultural landowner: urban 55.21% and rural 56.97%.'

Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, onion, garlic, tobacco, sugarcane, mustard, maize.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Aus paddy, sweet potato, kaun.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 175, dairy 7, poultry 25, hatchery 2.

Communication facilities Pucca road 90.67' km, semi-pucca road 3 km, mud road 766.42 km; railway 11 km; waterway 8 nautical miles.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart.

Noted manufactories Ice factory, welding factory.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, bamboo work, wood work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 55, fairs 7, most noted of which are Mirganj Hat, Panchpir Hat, Shobhaganj Hat, Kathgara Hat, Belka Hat, Sundarganj Bazar, Bamandanga Bazar, Gazir Mela, Charaker Mela, Shobhaganj Mela and Shiva Mela.

Main exports Jute, onion, garlic.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 10.33% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 87.71%, tap 0.27%, pond 0.31% and others 11.71%.

Sanitation 10.85% (rural 10.14% and urban 18.84%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 28.81% (rural 28.42% and urban 33.26%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 60.34% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic 7, family planning centre 8, community clinic 26, diagnostic centre 3.

Natural disasters The cyclone and the hailstorm of 29 April 2002 caused heavy damages to crops of most of the unions of the upazila. Besides, 23 persons were victims of the tornado of 20 March 2005; it also caused heavy damages to properties of the upazila.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, proshika, asa, CARE, Swanirvar Bangladesh. [Md. Motahar Hussain Basunia]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Sundarganj Upazila 2007.