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Tarash Upazila


Tarash Upazila (sirajganj district) area 297.20 sq km, located in between 24°20' and 24°34' north latitudes and in between 89°15' and 89°26' east longitudes. It is bounded by sherpur (bogra) upazila on the north, bhangura and chatmohar upazilas on the south, raiganj and ullahpara upazilas on the east, gurudaspur and singra upazilas on the west.

Population Total 167647; male 84896, female 82751; Muslim 151903, Hindu 15509, Buddhist 204 and others 31.

Administration Tarash Thana was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

-

8

178

252

6397

161250

564

55.2

34.2

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

5.09

1

6397

1257

55.23

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Tarash 84

7124

11447

10819

36.56

Talam 73

9523

9877

9602

38.63

Deshigram 21

9324

9142

9221

28.50

Naogaon 52

7149

11689

11493

35.99

Baruhas 10

11976

11772

11069

39.54

Magura Binod 42

8914

10344

10085

33.91

Madhainagar 31

8436

10104

9978

33.23

Saguna 63

10992

10521

10484

32.81

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001,Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

TarasUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Bhagun Mosque at Nabagram (1454), Shahi Mosque at Nabagram (1526), Gadai Sarkar Mosque at Baruhas, Sanduria Jami Mosque at Tarash, Baruhas Mosque (1320),' Islampur Jami Mosque at Tarash (1802), Shiva Mandir at Tarash.

History of the War of Liberation During the war of liberation in 1971 a battle was fought between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at Naogaon in which 130 Pak soldiers and Razakars were killed.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 1 (at village Asbaria of Magura union.)

Religious institutions Mosque 248, temple 5, church 2, tomb 1, sacred place 1.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 35.04%; male 41.40%, female 28.56%. Educational institutions: college 5, technical college 2, secondary school 25, primary school 124, madrasa 16. Noted educational institution: Tarash Degree College (1972).

Cultural organisations Library 1, club 20, cinema hall 1, theatre stage 1, women organisation 4.

Main sources of income Agriculture 84.75%, non-agricultural labourer 1.62%, industry 0.26%, commerce 4.90%, transport and communication 0.99%, service 2.74%, construction 0.41%, religious service 0.14%, rent and remittance 0.07% and others 4.12%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 64.11%, landless 35.89%; agricultural landowner: urban 58.29% and rural 64.32%.'

Main crops Paddy, wheat, mustard, maize, pulse, onion, garlic, kalai.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sesame, jute.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, guava, watermelon, papaya, banana.

Communication facilities Pucca road 16 km, semi-pucca road 40 km, mud road 350 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart.

Noted manufactories Ice factory.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, nakshi kantha work, chatai, bamboo and wood work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 22, fairs 3, most noted of which are Tarash Hat, Ulipur Hat, Boalia Hat, Baruhas Hat, Binshara Hat, Gulta Bazar and Behula Mela.

Main exports Paddy, rice, fish, watermelon.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 20.93% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 95.48%, tap 0.21%, pond 0.18% and others 4.13%.

Sanitation 18.96% (rural 17.37% and urban 64.09%) of dwelling' households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 71.85% (rural 73.29% and urban 31.09%) of dwelling' households use non-sanitary latrines; 9.19% of households do not have' latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 7.

Natural disasters Many people were victims of the famines of 1897, 1943 and 1974. Besides, the earthquakes of 1885 and 1897 caused heavy damages to settlements and other properties of the upazila.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, proshika, asa, World Vision. [M.G Newaz]

References  Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Tarash Upazila 2007.