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Trishal Upazila


Trishal Upazila (mymensingh district) area 338.98 sq km, located in between 24°28' and 24°41' north latitudes and in between 90°18' and 90°32' east longitudes. It is bounded by mymensingh sadar upazila on the north, bhaluka and gaffargaon upazilas on the south, ishwarganj, nandail and Gaffargaon upazilas on the east, fulbaria upazila on the west.

Population Total 372498; male 190428, female 182070; Muslim 361731, Hindu 10340, Buddhist 16, Christian 15 and others 396.

Water bodies Main river: old brhramaputra.

Administration Trishal Thana was formed in 1909 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

1

12

91

159

43580

328918

1099

47.7

39.2

Municipality

Area (sq km)

Ward

Mahalla

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

15.48

9

12

25429

1643

57.5

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

19.35

1

18151

938

33.1

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Amirabari 13

5111

9601

9214

40.82

Kanthal 57

5842

13316

12918

42.25

Kanihari 47

7780

18033

17839

33.05

Trishal 85

9110

15846

14633

40.71

Dhanikhola 28

7760

19897

19247

37.77

Bali Para 19

7623

21846

20669

39.10

Bailar 15

6295

17264

16142

40.58

Mathbari 61

9306

11899

11543

48.20

Mokshapur 63

7007

11665

11467

45.45

Rampur 66

6986

14332

13757

34.27

Sakhua 76

4330

11556

11145

35.06

Harirampur 38

5881

11801

11439

31.26

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

TrishalUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Jami Mosque at Darirampur (Mughal period), archaeological relics like a well, boundary wall and a bridge of the Rajbari at village Sankibhanga in Mokshapur union.

History of the War of Liberation During the war of liberation in 1971, an encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at Rayergram in which 11 freedom fighters were killed. In a battle at Katakhali Bazar about fifty Pak soldiers were killed. In another encounter with the Pak army at Porabari Bazar in Mathbari union two freedom fighters were killed. Freedom fighter Abdur Rahman was killed in a battle at Bhangnamari Char.

Religious institutions Mosque 421, temple 35, sacred place 2, tomb 3.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 40.2%; male 42.1%, female 38.2%. Educational institutions: university 1, college 6, polytechnic institute 1, technical training institute 1, palli college 3, secondary school 56, vocational school 12, primary school 164, satellite school 10, community school 10, kindergarten 5, madrasa 98. Noted educational institutions: Jatiya Kabi Kazi Nazrul Islam University (2005), Nazrul College (1967), Trishal Mohila College (1990), Darirampur High School (1913, now it is known as Nazrul Academy), Trishal Abbasia Senior Madrasa (1931).

Newspapers and periodicals Present: Daily Bishsher Mukhapatra, Monthly Banglar Mukhapatra, Weekly Trishal Barta, Quarterly Sapta Sindhu, Quarterly Dhala Bazar.

Cultural organisations Library 90, club 10, cinema hall 4, women's organisation 1, playground 21.

Main sources of income Agriculture 62.69%, non-agricultural labourer 3.58%, industry 0.52%, commerce 12.65%, transport and communication 3.79%, service 5.45%, construction 1.08%, religious service 0.27%, rent and remittance 0.57% and others 9.40%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 53.64%, landless 46.36%; agricultural landowner: urban 70.03% and rural 29.97%.

Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, pulse, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, sesame, carpus 'and sugarcane.

Main fruits Mango, blackberry, jackfruit, banana, lemon, pineapple, palm, coconut, betel nut, papaya, olive.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 9, dairy 14, poultry 85.

Communication facilities Pucca road 125 km, semi-pucca road 17 km, mud road 805 km; railway 25 km; waterway 14 nautical miles.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart.

Noted manufactories Ice factory, pulse factory, saw mill, rice mill, bidi industry, led factory, welding factory.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, weaving, bamboo work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 31, fairs 4, most noted of which are Trishal Hat, Bali Para Hat, Dhala Hat, Kalir Bazar, Porabari Hat, Kashiganj Hat, Bhanikhola Hat, Chawkrampur Hat, Bagarbazar Hat, Katakhali Hat, Bailar Bazar and Lalpur Mela.

Main exports Paddy, banana,' handicrafts.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 11.52% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 93.70%, tap 0.43%, pond 0.67% and others 5.20%.

Sanitation 22.97% (rural 20.18% and urban 46.05%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 44.79% (rural 46.36% and urban 31.74%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 32.24% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Hospital 2, upazila health complex 1, family welfare centre 2, satellite clinic 4, union community clinic 12, veterinary hospital 1.

Natural disasters Many people were victims of the earthquake of 1304, the famine of 1944 and the flood of 1991; these natural disasters also caused heavy damages to settlements, crops and livestock of the upazila.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa, ITCL. [Md. Khabiruzzaman]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Trishal Upazila 2007.