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Wazirpur Upazila


Wazirpur Upazila (barisal district) area 248.36 sq km, located in between 22°43' and 22°56' north latitudes and in between 90°01' and 90°18' east longitudes. It is bounded by agailjhara and gaurnadi upazilas on the north, banaripara and barisal sadar upazilas on the south, babuganj upazila on the east, kotalipara and nazirpur upazilas on the west.

Population Total 241374; male 122359, female 119015; Muslim 284043, Hindu 8372, Buddhist 473, Christian 10 and others 40.

Water bodies Main rivers: Wazirpur, Kalijira, Bisharkandi, Hunda, Swarupkati, Shikarpur.

Administration Wazirpur Thana was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

-

9

118

123

10483

230891

972

77.2

60.3

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

6.48

4

10483

1618

7.28

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Otra 63

5626

13079

13014

62.10

Guthia 31

7256

13803

13342

69.58

Jalla 52

6715

12791

12663

52.15

Bamrail 10

6193

14441

14642

66.51

Bara Kotha 21

5553

14258

14544

63.64

Shikarpur 84

4876

13775

13158

69.19

Sholak 94

6001

14637

13930

67.68

Satla 73

12297

13985

12801

48.36

Harta 42

6856

11590

10921

45.02

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

WazirpurUpazila.jpg

History of the War of Liberation The headquarters of Sector 9 of the war of liberation was established at Dargah Bari of village Bara Kotha. In 1971 the Pak army burnt more than three hundred houses and killed many people by gunshot at village Dhamura. A direct encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at village Bagrarpar in which many Pak soldiers were killed.

Noted religious institutions Shikarpur Jami Mosque, tomb of Dhamura Mia, Harta Gobindha Temple, Dhamshar Church, Tarabari Temple.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 61%; male 63.7%, female 58.3%. Noted educational institutions: Habibpur Secondary School (1856), Revrouddradi Government Primary School (1887), Sher-e- Bangla College (1970), Dhamura College (1970), Wazirpur College (1985), ZA Khan High School, Babar Ghana High School, Baherghat Secondary School, Abdul Mazid Secondary School, Guthia Maheshchandra Secondary School, Ramerkati Secondary School, Gazirpara Secondary School, Atipara Government Primary School (1914).

Cultural organisations Library 13, rural club 15, cinema hall 2, playground 10, theatre group 5.

Main sources of income Agriculture 57.52%, non-agricultural labourer 2.05%, commerce 16%, transport and communication 2.04%, service 12.15%, construction 2.25% and others 7.99%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 77.01%, landless 22.99%; agricultural landowner: urban 58.92% and rural 77.83%.'

Main crops Paddy, potato, betel leaf, sugarcane, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sesame, linseed, mustard, kalai, sweet potato, jute.

Main fruits Mango, blackberry, jackfruit, papaya, litchi, guava, banana, betel nut.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 730, dairy 56, poultry 87, hatchery 1.

Communication facilities Pucca road 28 km, semi-pucca road 60 km, mud road 400 km; waterway 28 nautical miles.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, dulki.

Noted manufactories Rice mill 34, flour mill 20, ice factory 4, saw mill 10, oil mill 3, bidi factory 1, lathe machine 4, welding factory 8.

Cottage industries Blacksmith 85, potteries 117, weaving 5, bamboo work 125.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 22, fairs 8, most noted of which are Dhamura Hat, Harta Hat and Shikarpur Mela.

Main exports Paddy, betel leaf, betel nut.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 28.86% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 87.68%, tap 0.47%, pond 8.67% and others 3.18%. The presence of' arsenic has been detected in shallow tube-well water of the upazila.

Sanitation 62.93% (rural 61.58% and urban 92.79%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 28.95% of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 8.12% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 9, satellite clinic 4.

Natural disasters The cyclone and earthquake of 1762 changed the formation of land of the region and turned the high land into beel. The flood of 1787 caused heavy damages to crops of the upazila. Many people were victims of the cyclones of 1770, 1822, 1825, 1832, 1855, 1909 and 1960. These cyclones also caused heavy damages to settlements and other properties of the upazila.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, proshika, asa, caritas. [Md. Mizanur Rahman]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Wazirpur Upazila 2007.