Bogra Sadar Upazila

Bogra Sadar Upazila (bogra district) area 176.58 sq km,, located in between 24°41' and 24°59' north latitudes and in between 89°16' and 89°30' east longitudes. It is bounded by shibganj ( Bogra) upazila on the north, shahjahanpur upazila on the south, gabtali upazila on the east, kahaloo upazila on the west.

Population Total 555014; male 288084, female 266930; Muslim 521303, Hindu 33002, Buddhist 55, Christian 622 and others 32.

Water bodies Main rivers: karatoya, ichamati; Erulia beel, Jabarkandi beel, Fulkot beel, Nurail beel are notable.

Administration Bogra sadar upazila was formed on 1 December 1983.

Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural
1 11 93 122 350397 204617 3143 72.2 54.4

Area (sq km)




(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

51.76 18+2 (Part) 111 350397 6770 72.2
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female
Erulia 21 4001 13818 13351 66.4
Gokul 34 2984 14067 13365 54.8
Namuja 60 4172 11920 11810 45.6
Nishindara 64 1151 7866 7065 68.7
Noongola 69 3252 10142 9954 44.7
Fapore 25 2422 5931 5744 68.3
Rajapur 73 893 3690 3478 47.7
Lahiri Para 47 4535 13640 13300 50.6
Shakharia 82 1876 7396 7260 46.7
Sekherkola 86 3494 7471 7214 50.9
Shabgram 77 2059 8223 7912 55.4

Source  Bangladesh Population Census 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Nawab Palace (used as Neelkuthi during the British period), Jaina Temple, house of Sabrul Raja at Anwarpur.

War of liberation During the war of liberation, on 29 March 1971, a group of local students and other people of Bogra led by Captain Gias killed 23 Pakistani soldiers and destroyed 3 military vehicles. In the middle of April 1971 freedom fighters looted about 4 crore taka from the State Bank of Pakistan at Jaleshwaritala of the Bogra Sadar and deposited the money to the mujibnagar government fund to meet the expenses of the War of Liberation. 3 persons were killed when the Pak air force bombarded Bogra Sadar on 23 April 1971 to allow entry of Pakistani soldiers in Bogra Town with artillery. 20 Pak army and more than 50 civilians were killed in various resistance movements and guerrilla attacks in the Upazila Sadar. During the War of Liberation the Pak army killed 14 civilians at Bibir Pukur; they also killed 9 freedom fighters at Shahidnagar (Char Lokman) and buried them in a mass grave on the bank of the river Karatoya.

For details: see বগুড়া সদর উপজেলা, বাংলাদেশ মুক্তিযুদ্ধ জ্ঞানকোষ (Encyclopedia of Bangladesh War of Liberation), বাংলাদেশ এশিয়াটিক সোসাইটি, ঢাকা ২০২০, খণ্ড ৬।

Religious institutions Mosque 677, temple 20, church 2, tomb 3. Noted religious institutions: Bogra Centre Bara Mosque, Coronation School Mosque, Katnarpara Madrasa Mosque, Badurtala Jamil Madrasa Jami Mosque, Park Jami Mosque (Sherpur road), Sat Matha Gohail Road Police Line Jami Mosque, Baitun Nur Jami Mosque (Sherpur Road), Bara Gola Seoujgola Jami Mosque, Modina Jami Mosque (Carmichael road), Kali Tala Hat Satani Mosque, Sutrapur Eid-Gah Mosque, Jaina Mandir, Temple road Kali Mandir, Jaleshshari' Tala Kali Mandir, Fateh Ali Bazar Kali and Gobindo Mandir, Dattabari Kali Mandir, Mazar of Fateh Ali, Mazar of Bhai Paglar (Thanthania), Mazar of Chacha Paglar (Santahar Road), Baptist Mission Church, Sutrapur Catholic Church.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 65.7%; male 68.6%, female 62.6%. Educational institutions: Law college 1, medical college 1, homeopathy medical college 1, vocational teacher's training institute 1, college 15, primary teacher's training institute 1, nursing training institute 1, polytechnic institute 2, vocational training centre 3, computer training school 5, secondary school 60, primary school 115. Noted educational institutions: Shaheed Ziaur Rahman Medical College (1992), Govt. azizul huq college (1939), Bogra Municipality High School (1844), Bogra Zila School (1854), Katnar Central Girls High School (1892), Bogra Coronation Institute (1911), Govt.Girls Higher Secondary School, Government Mostafabia Alia Madrasa (1925).

Newspapers and Periodicals Daily: Karatoya, Satmatha, Durjoy Bangla, Aaj O Aagamikal, Chadnibazar; defunct daily: Uttaranchal, Uttarbarta, Muktabarta.

Cultural organisations Library 19, club 146,' cinema hall 5.

Turist spots Ruins of the historic mahasthangarh, Vimer Jangle, museum of Nawab Bari Palace, Karu Palli, Wonderland Shishupark (children park), Shanewaz Shishu Bagan, Woodburn Park.

Main sources of income Agriculture 35.09%, non-agricultural labourer 2.79%, industry 2.67%, commerce 20.32%, transport and communication 8.47%, service 16.15%, construction 2.87%, religious service 0.18%, rent and remittance 0.69% and others 10.77%.

Main crops Paddy, jute, potato, corn, mustard, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Betel.

Main fruits Mango, jack fruit, litchi, banana.

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 515 km, semi-pucca 58 km, mud road 337 km; railway 8 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Bullock cart.

Manufactories Garments industry, leather industry, tobacco industry, textile mills, iron and steel factory, spare parts and machineries factory, match factory, hrricane (lantern) factory, food and beverage factory cold sorage.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, weaving, tailoring, wood work, bamboo work, cane work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 61, fairs 7. Kalitala Hat, Sabgram Hat, Sultanganj Hat, Noongola Hat and Barune fair, Karbela fair are notable.

Main exports Banana, potato.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 83.0% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 82.1%, tap 16.7% and others 1.2%.

Sanitation 77.9% of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 18.5% of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 3.6% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Hospital 21, missionary hospital 1, diabetic hospital 1, charitable dispensary 1, satellite clinic 5, maternity and child clinic11, clinic 101, chest diseases clinic 1,' school health clinic 1.

NGO activities brac, asa, World Vission, thengamara mahila sabuj sangha. [Shagata Chawdhury]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Bogra Sadar Upazila 2007.