Chunarughat Upazila

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Chunarughat Upazila (habiganj district) area 495.50 sq km, located in between 24°04' and 24°17' north latitudes and in between 91°22' and 91°39' east longitudes. It is bounded by habiganj sadar and bahubal upazilas on the north, tripura state of India on the south, sreemangal upazila and Tripura state of India on the east, madhabpur upazila on the west. The upazila town is well known as an old business centre.

Population Total 302110; male 147108, female 155002; Muslim 236561, Hindu 63370, Buddhist 6, Christian 642 and others 1531. Indigenous communities such as khasia, manipuri belong to this upazila.

Water bodies Khowai and Sutang rivers are notable.

Administration Chunarughat Thana was established in 1914 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural
1 10 159 373 19651 282459 610 55.9 39.7
(sq km)
Ward Mahalla Population Density
(per sq km)
Literacy rate (%)
7.99 9 21 19651 2459 55.9
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female
Ahmadabad 09 11103 14501 15552 40.0
Ubahata 95 5303 12364 12893 43.2
Gazipur 38 12247 16913 18254 39.1
Chunarughat 19 3953 10911 11483 38.7
Deorgachh 28 10799 14285 14856 38.6
Paik Para 57 12954 14132 14528 35.8
Mirahi 47 6573 13914 14944 38.5
Ranigaon 66 16011 15405 16509 42.9
Shatiajuri 85 8517 10227 10877 41.2
Sankhola 76 16257 14702 15209 39.7

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2011,Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Remnants of the architecture and stone inscription of the Murarbandar Dargah Sharif.

Historical events Rajapur of this upazila was the capital of Tipra King Achaknarayan who was defeated in a battle with the army of Syed Nasiruddin, Commander of the Bengal Sultan Feroj Shah in 1304 AD.

War of Liberation Freedom fighters had a number of encounters with the Pak army in Chunarughat and notable among them were those at Rema Tea garden, Nolua Tea garden, Kalenga forest area, Harnmara and Nalmukh Bazar. There is a mass killing site (Nalua Tea Garden) in the upazila; a memorial monument has been built.

For details: see চুনারুঘাট উপজেলা, বাংলাদেশ মুক্তিযুদ্ধ জ্ঞানকোষ (Encyclopedia of Bangladesh War of Liberation), বাংলাদেশ এশিয়াটিক সোসাইটি, ঢাকা ২০২০, খণ্ড ৩।

Religious institutions Mosque 338, temple 29, tomb 5, most noted of which are the tombs of Syed Shah Gada Hasan (R) and Syed Sharful Hasan (R) of village Narapati.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 40.8%; male 43.3%, female 38.4%. Educational institutions: college 2, secondary school 27, primary school 110, kindergarten 1, madrasa 30. Noted educational institutions: Mirashi High School (1887), Rajar Bazar Government High School (1867), Dakkhina Charan Pilot High School (1928), Gazipur High School (1964), Agrani High School (1969), Ubahata Kudratia Dakhil Madrasa (1870), Sankhola Dakhil Madrasa (1928), Gabtala Dakhil Madrasa (1933).

Newspapers and periodicals Weekly Tarafbarta.

Cultural organisations Library 1, club 15, community centre 2, cinema hall 1, auditorium 1, literary association 2, playground 10.

Tourist spots Chandpur and Chandichhara Tea Garden.

Main sources of income Agriculture 54.71%, non-agricultural labourer 16.03%, commerce 8.04%, transport and communication 2.51%, service 3.61%, construction 0.85%, religious service 0.31%, rent and remittance 1.07% and others 12.87%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 48.04%, landless 51.96%; agricultural landowner: urban 55.78% and rural 47.81%.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, sugarcane, bean, potato, sesame, mustard, tea.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed.

Main fruits Mango, black berry, banana, jackfruit, litchi, pineapple.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 25, dairy 40, poultry 52.

Communication facilities Pucca road 156.96 km, semi-pucca road 30.48 km, mud road 491.48 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, soari.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, weaving, potteries, wood work, bamboo work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 23, most noted of which are Chunarughat Bazar, Chandpur Garden Bazar, Amu Road Bazar, Nalmukh Bazar and Haziganj Bazar.

Main exports Tea, paddy.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 39.8% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Mineral resources Glass sand in the hilly area.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 85.4%, tap 3.0% and others 11.6%.

Sanitation 44.0% of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 40.2% of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 15.8% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, union health and family welfare centre 1, family planning centre 10, maternity and child welfare centre 2, charitable hospital 1, satellite clinic 9, diagnostic centre 1, veterinary hospital 1.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are CARE, brac, asa. [Jayanta Singh Roy]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Chunarughat Upazila 2007.