Khansama Upazila

Khansama Upazila (dinajpur district) area 179.72 sq km, located in between 25°47' and 26°01' north latitudes and in between 88°42' and 88°51' east longitudes. It is bounded by debiganj and nilphamari sadar upazilas on the north, chirirbandar and dinajpur sadar upazilas on the south, Nilphamari Sadar upazila on the east, kaharole and birganj upazilas on the west.

Population Total 171764; male 86731, female 85033; Muslim 123547, Hindu 47573, Christian 457 and others 187. Indigenous community such as santal belongs to this upazila.

Water bodies Main rivers: atrai, little jamuna, karatoya.

Administration Khansama Thana was formed in 1891 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural
- 6 57 57 8973 162791 956 53.5 47.2
Upazila Town

Area (sq km)



Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

7.75 1 8973 1158 53.5
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female
Angarpara 31 6864 14298 14167 48.3
Alokjhari 15 8354 16996 16692 45.6
Khamarpara 94 7433 13494 13261 52.5
Goaldihi 79 7459 13766 13344 45.0
Bhabki 47 7052 14188 13657 47.0
Bherbheri 63 7248 13989 13912 47.2

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Awkar Mosque (1178 AD), tomb of Chehel Gazi, tomb of' Nalbari.

War of Liberation In 1971 two freedom fighters were killed in an encounter with the Pakistani soldiers in Khansama Upazila. Another battle was fought between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at the foot of a bridge of Ghatmara in which both sides suffered heavy causalities. Subedar Majid was also killed in this battle. The upazila was liberated on 14 December. A memorial monument has been built in the upazila.

For details: see খানসামা উপজেলা, বাংলাদেশ মুক্তিযুদ্ধ জ্ঞানকোষ (Encyclopedia of Bangladesh War of Liberation), বাংলাদেশ এশিয়াটিক সোসাইটি, ঢাকা ২০২০, খণ্ড ৩।

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 47.5%; male 50.7%, female 44.3%. Educational institutions: college 11, secondary school 63, primary school 129, madrasa 26. Noted educational institutions: Khansama Degree College, Khansama Mahila College, Kachinia High School and College (1967), Jamir Uddin Shah Girls' High School and College' (1983), New Pakerhat High School (1959), Alokjhari High School (1962), Angarpara High School (1963), Akbar Ali Shah High School (1988), Khansama Bilateral Fazil Madrasa.

Newspapers and periodicals Weekly: Follow-up.

Cultural organisations Library 1, club 23, cinema hall 1, jatra party 1, women's organisation 5.

Main sources of income Agriculture 74.48%, non-agricultural labourer 4.57%, commerce 9.43%, transport and communication 2.05%, service 3.89%, construction 0.74%, religious service 0.14%, rent and remittance 0.14% and others 4.56%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 48.78%, landless 51.22%; agricultural landowner: urban 40% and rural 49.30%.'

Main crops Paddy, wheat, sugarcane, potato, maize.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Mustard, jute, kaun.

Main fruits Watermelon, mango, banana, jackfruit, litchi.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries This upazila has a number of fisheries, dairies, poultries and hatcheries.

Communication facilities Pucca road 31.5 km, mud road 46.2 km; waterway 38.4 km.

Noted manufactories Oil mill, rice mill, ice factory, biscuit factory.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, weaving, potteries, wood work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 15, most noted of which are Khansama, Kachina and Ramkala hats.

Main exports Watermelon and banana.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 20.4% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 97.5%, tap 0.3% and others 2.2%.

Sanitation 47.9% of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 36.3% of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 15.8% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, union health and family planning centre 5, satellite clinic 1.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa, caritas. [Mamtajur Alam]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Khansama Upazila 2007.