Rupsa Upazila

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Rupsa Upazila (khulna district) area 120.15 sq km, located in between 22°43' and 22°52' north latitudes and in between 89°33' and 89°41' east longitudes. It is bounded by terokhada upazila on the north, fakirhat and batiaghata upazilas on the south, mollahat and Fakirhat upazilas on the east, kotwali (Khulna) and khalishpur thanas on the west.

Population Total 167604; male 86176, female 81428; Muslim 141198, Hindu 25947, Buddhist 406, Christian 43 and others 10.

Water bodies Main rivers: rupsa, bhairab, nabaganga, Basukhali.

Administration Rupsa upazila was formed in 1983.

Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural










Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Aijganti 13





Ghatbhogh 27





T. S. Bahirdia 81





Naihati 54





Sreefaltala 67





Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.


History of the War of Liberation The Pak army conducted mass killing and heavy plundering in the upazila in 1971; they also set many houses on fire. On 10 November, the Indian Air Force mistakenly launched an attack and destroyed two war ships named 'Padma' and 'Palash' belonging to the freedom fighters. The Artificer of Palash, Birsrestha ruhul Mohammad amin, jumped into the river with burn injury but was killed by the razakars while on way to river bank.

Marks of the War of Liberation Memorial monument 2 (on the graveyard of Birsrestha Ruhul Amin and of Bir Bikram Mohibullah)

Religious institutions Mosque 175, temple 56, church 2. Noted religious institutions: Rupsa Jami Mosque, Aijganti Jami Mosque, Senerpukur Jami Mosque.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 54.68%; male 58.23%, female 50.93%. Educational institutions: college 7, secondary school 5, primary school 65, brac operated school 38, satellite school 5, madrasa 11, orphanage 6. Noted educational institutions: Bangabandhu College (1972), Rupsa College (1986), Ajgara High School (1898), Naihati Secondary School (1920), Befulia Secondary School (1947), Rupsa Girls' High School, Kajdia Madrasa, Baghmara Al Aksha Dakhil Madrasa, Nandanpur Dakhil Madrasa.

Cultural organisations Library 5, cinema hall 1, theatre stage 2, club 21, women organisation 25.

Main sources of income Agriculture 24.99%, non-agricultural labourer 16.57%, industry 1.86%, commerce 21.14%, transport and communication 5.97%, service 13.87%, construction 2.26%, religious service 0.21%, rent and remittance 0.48% and others 12.65%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 37.75%, landless 62.25%.

Main crops Paddy, jute, maskalai, mustard, ground-nut, potato, ginger, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Tobacco, sugarcane.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, blackberry, banana, papaya, pineapple, coconut, betel nut, guava, litchi, lemon.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 121, dairy 40, poultry 65.

Communication facilities Pucca road 85.02 km, semi-pucca road 91.05 km, mud road 210 km. Rupsa Bridge is notable.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart, horse carriage.

Noted manufactories Dockyard 15, saw mill 25, brick-field 30, salt factory 11, rice mill 21, ice factory 10.

Cottage industries Goldsmith 21, blacksmith 21, potteries 61, conch bangle industry 73, wood work 21.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 15, fairs 3, most noted of which are Sener Bazar, Paler Bazar, Natun Hat at Naihati, Rupsa Bazar, Samanta Sena Bazar, Mochabbarpur Bazar, Alaipur Hat, Shiali Mela and Bandakhal Mela.

Main exports Shrimp, betel nut, vegetables.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 47.11% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 12.52%, pond 0.76%, tap 1.17% and others 2.05%.

Sanitation 55.74% of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 36.67% of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 4.12% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Hospital 2, upazila health complex 1, upazila family planning clinic 1, union health and family welfare centre 5, community clinic 20.

Natural disasters The floods and cyclones of 1988 and 1998 caused heavy damages to fishery, livestock, and crops of the upazila.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are asa, brac, proshika, Jagrata Jubo Sangha. [Ashraful Islam Goldar]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Rupsa Upazila 2007.