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Alamdanga Upazila


Alamdanga Upazila (chuadanga district) area 380.38 sq km, located in between 23°37' and 23°50' north latitudes and in between 88°47' and 89°00' east longitudes. It is bounded by mirpur (kustia) and gangni upazilas on the north, harinakunda and kustia sadar upazilas on the east, chuadanga sadar and damurhuda upazilas on the south, meherpur sadar and gangni upazilas on the west.

Population Total 308917; male 158951, female 149966; Muslim 299878, Hindu 8919, Christian 11 and others 109.

Water bodies Main rivers: kumar and nabaganga.

Administration Alamdanga Thana was turned into an upazila in 1982.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

1

13

126

203

69188

239729

812

49.54

37.18

Municipality
Area (sq km) Ward Mahalla Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)

9.60

9

18

27040

2817

60.65

Upazila Town
Area (sq km) Mouza Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)

46.97

14

42148

897

42.26

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Kalidaspur 51

-

10458

9886

40.36

Kumari 87

5015

8841

8290

42.14

Khadimpur 71

12839

20288

18595

40.76

Khaskara 79

7121

10846

10079

35.5

Gangni 39

9977

10627

10053

40.96

Jamjami 55

5408

8906

8228

37.06

Jehala 63

5091

9683

8942

39.35

Dauki 31

6031

8471

8465

35.58

Nagdaha 94

11867

14636

13872

32.01

Baradi 15

5303

8723

8257

34.26

Belgachhi 13

4671

7134

7152

36.92

Bhangabaria 23

6924

12682

11748

39.16

Hardi 47

6439

13922

13093

37.70

Source  Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics 'Gholdari Mosque (Nagdaha), Teyorbila Mosque (Khaskarra), Jamjami Mosque, Bademaju Mosque, Sonatanpur Mandir and Gholdari Nilkuthi.

Historical events In eighteen century the peasants of Alamdanga revolted against the indigo plantation. Maheshchandra Chatterjee united the peasants and led armed revolution against the indigo planters. During the war of liberation a number of rajakars and Pak soilders were killed or wounded in frontal encounters with the freedom fighters in Baliapur and Benagari villages.

AlamdangaUpazila.jpg

Marks of the War of Liberation 'Mass grave 1 (on the bank of GK Canal adjacent to the Alamdanga railway station).

Religious institutions Mosque 228, temple 4, church 4.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 39.96%; Male 42.92%, female 36.83%. Noted educational institutions: Alamdanga College (1965), M S Joha Degree College (1994), Alamdanga Multilateral (Pilot) Secondary School (1914), Hat Boalia Secondary School (1925), Munshiganj Academy (1944).

Cultural organizations Library 2, club 18, theatre group 7, cinema hall 7.

Main source sources of income' Agriculture 41.76%, non-agriculture labourer 27.35%, industry 0.84%, business 12.54%, service 3.78%, construction 0.87%, religious service' 0.17%, rent and remittance 0.43%, transport and communication 2.89% and others 6.01%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 62.44%, landless 37.56%; agricultural landowner: urban 50.12%, rural 65.93%.

Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, sugarcane, pulse, potato, corn, gram, tobacco, betel nut, betel leaf.

Extinct and nearly extinct crops' Sesame, mustard, indigo.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, papaya, banana.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 3, dairy 4, poultry 17.

Communication facilities Pucca road 58.40 km, semi pucca road 45.50 km, mud road 359.50 km; railways 22 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, boat, horse carriage.

Noted manufactories Sugar mill, flour mill, rice mill, threshed rice (chira) mill, saw mill, ice factory.

Cottage industries Weaving, blacksmith, potteries, bamboo work, cane work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Total hats bazars are 24, fairs 2, most noted of which are Munshiganj Hat, Alamdanga Hat, Asmankhali Hat, Gokulkhali Hat, Boalia Hat and Baul Mela (Gopinathpur) and Poush Samkranti Mela.

''Main exports Tobacco, betel leaf, betel nut, jute.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of this upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 29.15% of the dwelling households only have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 92.73%, pond 0.07%, tap 0.56% and others 6.64%. The level of arsenic contamination in the tube-well water is 34.94% which is 34.89% higher than normal level. As a result a lot of' people are suffering from many diseases including skin disease.

Sanitation 20.76% of dwelling households (rural 16.40% and urban 36.10%) of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 39.37% of dwelling houses (urban 40.03% and rural 37.04%) use non-sanitary latrines; 39.87% of households do not have sanitation facilities.

Heath centres Upazila health complex 1, health and family welfare centre 14.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa, care, Wave Foundation, Sajaag, Sreejani. [Md Faysal Kibria]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural Survey Report of Alamdanga Upazila 2007.