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Gangni Upazila


Gangni Upazila (meherpur district) area 341.98 sq km, located in between 23°44' and 23°52' north latitudes and in between 88°34' and 88°47' east longitudes. It is bounded by daulatpur (kushtia) upazila on the north, alamdanga and meherpur sadar upazilas on the south, Daulatpur (Kushtia), mirpur (Kushtia) and' Alamdanga upazilas on the east, Meherpur Sadar upazila and west bengal state of India on the west.

Population Total 269085; male 137921, female 131164; Muslim 264976, Hindu 2239, Buddhist 1677 and others 193.

Water bodies Main rivers: bhairab, ichamati, Mathabhanga and Kazla; Elangi Beel, Nuner Beel and Elalgari Damash Beel are notable.

Administration Gangni Thana was formed in 1923 and it was turned into an upazila on 24 February 1984.'

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

1

9

103

143

23846

245239

787

50.00

35.1

Municipality

Area
(sq km)

Ward

Mahalla

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

12.17

9

13

20780

1707.47

48.94

Upazila Town

Area
(sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

22.86

5

23846

1043

50.00

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Kazipur 52


8771


19853


18839


33.54


Kathuli 42


8211


10903


10544


31.06


Roypur 31


7743


12530


11886


41.85


Tentulbaria 94


8390


15202


14399


34.50


Dhankhola 21


15931


22747


21847


35.75


Bamandi 10


7216


11643


10771


37.22


Matmura 63


11709


19570


18731


34.97


Shola Taka 84


7046


11026


10493


38.67


Shaharbati 73


8791


14447


13654


42.65

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Shaharbati Neelkuthi (1859), Gosaidubi Mosque at Karamdi.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 2 (Kazipur and Tepukhali Playground).

Religious institutions Mosque 245, temple 6, church 6.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 36.5%; male 38.7%, female 34.1%. Educational institutions: college 9, secondary school 68, primary school 164, kindergarten 14, community school 4, madrasa 9. Noted educational institutions: Gangni Degree College (1983), Gangni Mohila College (1995), Hoglabaria Mohammadpur Hazi Bharasuddin Secondary School (1945), Gangni Secondary School (1945).

GangniUpazila.jpg

Cultural organisations Library 4, club 10, music learning institution 3, theatre group 2, cinema hall 2, playground 20.

Tourist spots Bhatpara Neelkuthi and Chitla Jute Seed Farm.'

Main sources of income Agriculture 70%, non-agricultural labourer 2.83%, industry 0.96%, commerce 13.38%, transport and communication 1.90%, service 3.13%, construction 1.03%, religious service 0.13%, rent and remittance 0.59% and others 6.05%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 57.82%, landless 42.18%; agricultural landowner: urban 59.02% and rural 57.71%.

Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, tobacco, maize, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Indigo, arahar, khesari pulse.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, litchi.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries This upazila has a number of fisheries, dairies, poultries and hatcheries.'

Communication facilities Pucca road 223.59 km, mud road 467.25 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart, horse carriage.

Noted manufactories Flour mill, jute mill, ice factory.

Cottage industries Weaving, blacksmith, potteries, bamboo work, wood work, nakshi kantha.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 20, fair 1, most noted of which are Garabari Hat, Tentulbaria Hat, Karamdi Hat, Kazipur Hat, Betbaria Hat, Naodapara Hat and Baishakhi Mela.

Main exports Tobacco, paddy, jute, wheat.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 26.27% of the dwellings have access to electricity.'

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 92.72%, tap 1%, pond 0.16% and others 6.12%. The presence of arsenic has been detected in 12.02% out of the 31965 shallow tube-wells of the upazila.

Sanitation 17.19% (rural 15.98% and urban 30.10%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 45.49% (rural 44.76% and urban 53.30%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 37.32% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic and family planning centre 6, hospital 1, clinic 5, health centre 1.

NGO activities proshika, brac, asa, Sandhani, Nijera Kari. [Rajib Ahmed]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Gangni Upazila 2007.