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Baghmara Upazila


Baghmara Upazila (rajshahi district) area 363.3 sq km, located in between 24°30' and 24°41' north latitudes and in between 88°41' and 88°58' east longitudes. It is bounded by manda and atrai upazilas on the north, durgapur, puthia and natore sadar upazilas on the south, Atrai and Natore Sadar upazilas on the east, mohanpur upazila on the west.

Population Total 319968; male 163258, female 156710; Muslim 304119, Hindu 15775, Buddhist 20, Christian 10 and others 44.

Water bodies Main river: Baranai; Fakinni river, Beel Joshoi, Takta Beel, Mosher Beel, Nakkati Beel, Katila Beel and Bagir Dara (water channel), Talgharia Dara and Komorpur Dara are notable.

Administration Baghmara Thana was formed in 1869 and it was turned into an upazila in 1984.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

2

16

292

332

34632

285336

881

44.30

38.31

Bhawaniganj Municipality

Area
(sq km)

Ward

Mahalla

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate
(%)

13.34

9

23

15714

1178

Ñ

Taherpur Municipality

Area
(sq km)

Ward

Mahalla

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate
(%)

10.84

9

18

16826

1552

60.83

Upazila Town

Area
(sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate
(%)

2.40

1

2092

872

49.83

Union
Name of Union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Auch Para 20

6664

12286

11904

34.95

Kachhari Kayali Para 72

4723

3201

3172

36.40

Ganipur 50

9251

16767

15687

46.26

Gobinda Para 44

6673

10738

10236

37.04

Goalkandi 37

5946

11292

10916

35.73

Jhikra 63

6163

9673

9627

35.35

Dwippur 31

3396

4459

4356

34.25

Nardas 82

7988

8941

8527

39.27

Bara Bihanali 22

3660

5562

5434

33.48

Basu Para 24

7115

12325

11870

38.90

Maria 75

4558

8793

8594

33.62

Jogi Para 69

6722

11532

11331

39.58

Subhadanga 94

6034

12030

11549

42.47

Sreepur 88

5468

5624

5098

38.22

Sonadanga 85

2367

4218

4067

44.31

Hamir Kutsha 56

5412

8998

8621

35.84

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001,Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

BaghmaraUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Mazar of Panchpir and Shahi Mosque at village Achin Ghat on the bank of the river Baranai.

History of the War of Liberation On 24 May 1971 the Pak army made a surprise attack on Taherpur Hat and shot 25 persons dead. On 4 August the freedom fighters attacked the Pak army under Havilder Shafiq on apatrol boat and killed 18 Pak soldiers.

Religious institutions Mosque 1239, temple 65, tomb 6. Noted religious institutions: Taherpur Bara Mosque.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 38.99%; male 46.97%, female 30.76%. Educational institutions: college 16, technical education institute 2, secondary school 120, primary school 210, madrasa 80. Noted educational institutions: Taherpur Degree College, Pania Nardas College, Bhawaniganj College, Machmail College, Mohanganj College, Bir-kutsha Abinash High School (1917), Hat Ganga Para High School (1925).

Newspapers and periodicals Shilpa and Krishi.

Cultural organisations Club 100, theatre group 5, jatra party 5, cinema hall 4.

Main sources of income Agriculture 76.76%, non-agricultural labourer 1.97%, industry 0.05%, commerce 9.35%, transport and communication 2.55%, service 3.33%, construction 0.63%, religious service 0.08%, rent and remittance 0.09% and others 4.72%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 69.88%, landless 30.12%; agricultural landowner: urban 59.29% and rural 71.14%.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, potato, corn, mustard, sesame, betel leaf, vegetables.'

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Barley, kaun, jute, linseed, masuri, gram, khesari.

Main fruits Mango, banana, jackfruit, litchi, papaya, guava, plum.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Poultry 20, dairy 45, hatchery 11.

Communication facilities Pucca road 127 km, mud road 406 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart and horse carriage.

Noted manufactories Ice factory 15, welding 20, cold-storage 4.

Cottage industries Blacksmith 80, potteries 140, weaving 15, bamboo work 230, cane work 76.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 30, fairs 5, most noted of which are Taherpur, Bhawaniganj, Mohanganj, Madariganj, Machmail, Gangopara, Barahat, Hamir Kutsha, Akdala, Nardas, Damnash, Shikdari hats and Dekhaltala Mela.

Main exports Betel leaf, banana, papaya, vegetables.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 15.76% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 96.6%, tap 0.14%, pond 0.11% and others 3.15%.

The presence of arsenic has been detected in shallow tube-well water of the upazila.

Sanitation 16.24% (rural 16.28% and urban 15.85%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 44.22% (rural 42.72% and urban 56.78%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 39.55% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health centre 1, family planning centre 10, satellite clinic 6.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa, proshika, thengamara mahila sabuj sangha. [Md Asadul Islam]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Baghmara Upazila 2007.