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Begumganj Upazila


Begumganj Upazila (noakhali district) area 255.95 sq km, located in between 22°52' and 23°06' north latitudes and in between 90°59' and 91°13' east longitudes. It is bounded by sonaimuri and chatkhil upazilas on the north, noakhali sadar, kabirhat and senbagh upazilas on the south, Senbagh upazila on the east, lakshmipur sadar and Chatkhil upazilas on the west.

Population Total 520114; male 259811, female 260303; Muslim 493506, Hindu 26472, Christian 45, Buddhist 19 and others 72.

Water bodies dakatia river and Wapda canal are notable.

Administration Begumganj Thana, now an upazila, was formed in 1892.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

1

16

­178

205

104285

415829

1801

53.63

54.09

Municipality

Area
(sq km)

Ward

Mahalla

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

15.26

9

19

60495

3963

57.67

Upazila Town

Area
(sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

20.71

3

43790

2114

59.32

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Amanullapur 12

2744

11969

12361

56.04

Alyerapur 10

3905

16194

17079

60.74

Eklaspur 42

4705

19136

18958

58.98

Kadirpur 63

3558

10917

11757

49.61

Kutubpur 66

3057

11075

11882

58.09

Gopalpur 45

4137

14657

15449

54.13

Chhayani 28

5148

15308

15870

55.11

Jirtali 56

3805

11789

12108

58.72

Durgapur 38

2812

13548

13631

57.36

Narottampur 49

1578

7485

7334

45.82

Begumganj 24

1699

8117

8140

46.63

Mir Warishpur 70

3059

13827

14600

49.59

Rasulpur 84

4428

13664

13568

52.69

Rajganj 80

4519

17819

18627

54.47

Sharifpur 87

3667

11409

12030

53.93

Hajipur 52

2175

7968

7553

53.56

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

BegumganjUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Chowdhury Bari Mosque (Mughal period) at Gopalpur.

Historical events Mahatma Gandhi visited Begumganj in a peace mission on 7 November 1946 to ease the communal riot. A direct encounter between the freedom fighters and the Pak army was held on 25 April 1971 on the Chaumuhani-Lakshmipur road at Aminbazar point. On 2 July the freedom fighters attacked the rajakar camp at Chandraganj High School. The Pak army killed about 50 persons at Nayahat Bazar of Gopalpur union on 19 August; they also conducted torture, indiscriminate plundering and set many houses on fire. Begumganj Upazila was liberated on 6 August.

Marks of the War of Liberation Memorial monument 2 (Choumohani, Sonaipur).

Religious institutions Mosque 310, temple 14, tomb 2. Noted religious institutions: Gopalpur Chowdhury Bari Mosque, Alaypur Jami Mosque, Rasulpur Jami Mosque, Doalia Bazar Jami Mosque, Begumganj Jami Mosque.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 56.22%; male 57.25%, female 54.70%. Educational institutions: Textile college 1, youth training centre 1, technical training centre 1, agricultural training centre 1, college 5, secondary school 66, primary school 190, madrasa 32. Noted educational institutions: Begumganj Agricultural Institute, Begumganj Textile Institute, Begumganj Vocational Training Institute, Chaumohani Saleh Ahmad College, Ghatla High School (1915), Kadirpur High School (1915), Hajipur A Majid High School (1928), Babupur Jirtali Model High School (1928), KB Union High School (1929), Begumganj Government Pilot High School, Begumganj Industrial School, Youth Training Centre.

Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Jatiyo Nishan, Noakhalir Khabar, Bangladesher Khabar, Sachitro Noakhali, Bangla Samachar, Khola Dak; Ajker Samabesh; weekly: Chalaman Noakhali, Jatiyo Bangladeshy; defunct: Purba Bangabashi, Noakhali; Sammilani, Desher Bani; monthly: Asha.

Cultural organisations Club 3, library 10, auditorium 1, theatre stage 2, press club 1, cinema hall 2, literary society and children's organisation 3, literary organisation 1.

Tourist Spots Ranir Dighi, Rangamalar Dighi in Jirtali union.

Main sources of income Agriculture 25.78%, non-agricultural labourer 2.18%, industry 0.97%, commerce 17.66%, transport and communication 4.63%, service 20.23%, construction 1.64%, religious service '0.37%, rent and remittance 12.54% and others 14.00%

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 56.30%, landless 43.70%; agricultural landowner: urban' 41.25% and rural 58.76%.

Main crops Paddy, peanut, pulse, mustard, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sesame, linseed, arahar, china.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, coconut, banana, black berry, guava, papaya, betel nut.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Dairy 121, poultry 110, hatchery 7, nursery 540.

Communication facilities Pucca road 177 km; railways 21 km; rail station 3.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport 'Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock and buffalo carts.

Noted manufactories Jute mill, paddy mill, flour mill, oil mill, biscuit factory, ice-cream factory, chemical factory, brick-field, press.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, weaving, potteries, embroidery, wood work, bamboo work, cane work.

Hats, bazars and fairs 'Total hats, bazars' 22, fairs 5; most noted of which are Begumganj, Sonaimuri, Chaumohani, Rajganj, Kadirpur, Dakshin Rampur, Bangla bazars and Battali and Mulluck Maydan melas.

Main exports Coconut, dry fish, rice, hoglar chatai, biscuit.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of this upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 18.61% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Natural resources Natural gas.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 69.32%, pond 15.03%, tap 10.20% and others 5.45%. The presence of arsenic has been detected in shallow tube-well water of this upazila

Sanitation 33.41% (rural 27.48% and urban 39.62%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 53.21% (urban 57.95% and rural 24.28%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 13.37% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Heath centres Upazila health complex 1, hospital 1, health and family welfare centre 10, family planning centre 18, maternity centre 1, community clinic 41, clinic 7.

Natural disasters The tidal bore of 12 November 1970 and the floods of 1988, 1998, and 2004 caused heavy loss of life and damages to properties and crops of the upazila.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa, proshika, Ghandhi Ashram Trust (GAT). [Sultan Mahmud Bhuiyan]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Begumganj Upazila 2007.