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Lakshmipur Sadar Upazila


Lakshmipur Sadar Upazila (lakshmipur district) area 514.78 sq km, located in between 22°49' and 22°03' north latitudes and in between 90°43' and 92°00' east longitudes. It is bounded by raipur, ramganj and chatkhil upazilas on the north, daulatkhan, kamalnagar and noakhali sadar upazilas on the south, begumganj and sonaimuri upazilas on the east, Raipur, mehendiganj, hizla and bhola sadar upazilas on the west.

Population Total 575278; male 286746, female 288532; Muslim 552674, Hindu 22402, Buddhist 71, Christian 16 and others 115.

Water bodies Main river: meghna.

Administration Lakshmipur Thana was formed in 1860. It was turned into an upazila on 24 March 1984. Lakshmipur municipality was formed in 1976.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

1

18

226

255

668554

508424

1117

50.8

45.6

Municipality

Area (sq km)

Ward

Mahalla

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

19.42

12

27

63995

3295

50.78

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

-

1

2859

-

50.96

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Uttar Joypur 95

3254

9484

10589

51.54

Uttar Hamchadi 75

5562

12807

13800

51.85

Kushakhali 55

8223

13564

12504

36.40

Chandraganj 20

4219

14130

14463

58.46

Char Ruhita 30

7054

14765

14226

33.77

Charsai 25

4511

12843

13408

45.19

Dakshin Hamchadi 90

3598

11840

11858

53.03

Dattapara 40

4684

13857

14926

58.06

Dalal Bazar 35

3685

15953

15708

43.62

Dighali 45

4338

10317

11350

48.80

Parbatinagar 80

3016

7660

7758

51.76

Bangakha 13

4331

12008

11996

50.00

Basikpur 14

4548

12630

14000

56.01

Bhabaniganj 15

13583

25722

26294

33.29

Mandari 70

5365

15884

15697

48.76

Laharkandi 60

4863

13572

13138

42.67

Shak Char 85

20423

25689

24660

33.53

Hajirpara 50

3586

10714

11469

49.03

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

LakshmipurSadarUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Tita Khan Jami Mosque, Mita Khan Mosque, Majupur Matka Mosque, Madhu Banu Mosque, Dayem Shah Mosque, Abdullahpur Jami Mosque, Neelkuthi Bari, Zamindar Bari at Dalal Bazar, Khoa-Sagor Dighi.

Historical events In 1927 kazi nazrul islam was accorded a reception by the' Lakshmipur Town Club. On 7 June 1971 the freedom fighters of Lakshmipur launched an attack on the Pak army at Ramganj Road and destroyed one Pak military convoy and a jeep. On 6 July the freedom fighters launched another surprise attack on the Pak army on their entry to the Lakshmipur town in which 72 Pak soldiers were killed. On 25 October a frontal battle was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at Mirganj, in which 70 Pak soldiers including one Pak Major and 41 Rangers were killed. Lakshmipur region was liberated on 14 December.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 1 (Baghbari); memorial monument 1 (Bijoy Sarani Chattar adjacent to the Court Building); memorial plate 1 (in memory of the freedom fighters preserved in the martyr memorial).

Religious institutions Mosque 731, temple 3, church 1, dargah 1, tomb 3. Noted religious institutions: Majupur Matka Mosque, Tita Khan Mosque, Syedpur Jami Mosque, Madhu Banu Mosque, Shree Shree Govinda Mahaprovu Jeu Akhra, Joseph Church, Lakshmi Narayan Baishnab Math.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 46.2%; male 47.5%, female 45%. Educational institutions: college 8, primary teachers training institute 1, technical educational institutions 2, secondary school 69, primary school 267, satellite school 10, community school 17, madrasa 84. Noted educational institutions: Lakshmipur Government College (1964), Lakshmipur Ideal Samad Government High School (1886), Lakshmipur Government Girl's High School (1898), Gopalpur Dwrika High school (1901), Chaupalli KD High School (1905), Duttapara Ramratan High School (1912), Morpur High School (1924), Dalal Bazar NK High School (1924), Chaupalli Joytara High School (1928), Gopinathpur Champka Girl's High School (1929), Primary Teacher's Training Institute (1953), Lakshmipur Aliya Madrasa (1872).

Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Lakshmipur Kantha (1995), Al-Chist (1995), Malancha, weekly: Natun Samaj (Natun Desh, 1973), Elan (1982), Natun Path (1987), Damama (1992), monthly: Lakshmipur Barta (1989); defunct Newspapers and periodicals: Mukti Bani (1928), weekly Ganamukh (1973), Chetana (1969), weekly Ananda Akash (1995), Prachchhad (1984), Chhayapath, Kabita Barta.

Cultural organisations Library 6, club 21, theatre group 3, cinema hall 3, cultural organisation 15, women organisation 35.

Tourist spots Maju Chowdhury Hat Sluice Gate on the bank of the Meghna, Saheb Bari at Sahapur, residence of the Zamindar at Dalal Bazar, residence of the Zamindar at Kamankhola, Khoa-sagor Dighi.

Main sources of income Agriculture 42.92%, non-agricultural labourer 3.12%, industry 1.04%, commerce 14.34%, transport and communication 4.50%, service 13.46%, construction 2.49%, religious service 0.46%, rent and remittance 4.98% and others 12.69%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 62%, landless 38%; agricultural landowner: urban 55.99% and rural 62.77%.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, mustard, potato, ground-nut, soybean, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Jute, sesame, linseed, khesari, masur, arahar, pea, gram, onion, garlic.

Main fruits Coconut, betel nut, banana, mango.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Dairy 40, poultry 74, hatchery 1.

Communication facilities Pucca road 265.59 km, semi-pucca road 40 km, mud road 1145 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart.

Noted manufactories Rice mill, flour mill, ice factory, saw mill, oil mill, aluminum factory, bakery, bidi factory, printing press.

Cottage industries Blacksmith, potteries, bamboo work, cane work, shital pati, nakshi kantha.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 57, fairs 3, most noted of which are Lakshmipur Bazar, Chandraganj Bazar, Dalal Bazar, Mandari Bazar, Bhabaniganj Bazar, Pharashganj Bazar, Jaksin, Podder Hat, Daser Hat, Dalalpur Jhulunjatra Mela, Deoan Shah Mela and Shympur Mela.

Main exports Betel nut, Coconut, Hilsha fish, bidi.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification network. However 30.30% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 85.13%, tap 3.50%, pond 6.38% and others 4.99%. The presence of arsenic has been detected in shallow tube-well water of the upazila.

Sanitation 45.01% (rural 42.16% and urban 67.34%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 43.73% (rural 45.94% and urban 26.48%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 11.26% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Sadar hospital 1, satellite clinic 7, maternity centre 2, family welfare centre 14, clinic 135.

Natural disasters Many people were victims of the earthquake of 1726, tornado of 1876, epidemic cholera of 1876 and 1954, flood of 1970 and the famine of 1974. These natural disaster also caused heavy damages to settlements, crops and other properties of the upazila.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa, CARE, Hunger Project. [Nazimuddin Mahmud]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Lakshmipur Sadar Upazila 2007.