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Bhanga Upazila


Bhanga Upazila (faridpur district) area 216.34 sq km, located in between 23°17' and 23°28' north latitudes and in between 89°55' and 90°06' east longitudes. It is bounded by sadarpur and nagarkanda upazilas on the north, muksudpur and rajoir upazilas on the south, shibchar and Sadarpur upazilas on the east, Nagarkanda and Muksudpur upazilas on the west.

Population Total 232386; male 117248, female 115138; Muslim 213390, Hindu 18963, Christian 11 and others 22.

Water bodies Main rivers: arial khan, kumar, shitalakshya.

Administration Bhanga Thana was formed in 1908 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

1

12

136

205

39743

192643

1074

46.8

36.3

Municipality

Area
(sq km)

Ward

Mahalla

Population

Density
(per sq km))

Literacy rate (%)

18.30

9

26

28057

1533

51.6

Upazila Town

Area
(sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

17.03

2


11686

686

35.0

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Azimnagar 15

3996

7693

7821

35.68

Algi 13

7051

13957

13221

31.81

Kaolibera 63

5149

9317

9477

35.51

Kalamrida 55

3782

7749

7748

36.48

Gharua 39

6186

11929

11806

32.86

Chandra 31

2896

6657

6751

33.28

Chumordi 25

4484

4780

4800

41.36

Tuzarpur 94

3575

6590

6535

32.75

Nasirabad 79

3226

6547

6984

41.88

Nurullaganj 87

4600

8947

8643

35.87

Manikdaha 71

4564

9372

9231

38.66

Hamirdi 47

3954

9016

8758

43.93

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

BhangaUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Pathrail Mosque (1493-1519), Pathrail Dighi (tank), Mazar of Majlish Abdullah Khan, Roynagar Mosque (built in Mughal period), Basudeva Mandir at Khatra, Siddeswari Theatre Stage at Bhanga.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 1 (Noapara).

Religious institutions Mosque 384, temple 39, sacred place 1 (Khatra). Noted religious institutions: Patrail Mosque, Roynagar Mosque, Gharua Jami Mosque, Bhanga Bazar Jami Mosque, Basudeva Temple.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 38.1%; Male 42.6%, female 33.6%. Educational institutions: college 5, secondary school 20, primary school 73, madrasa 10, orphanage 3. Noted educational institutions: Bhanga Pilot High School (1889), Sadardi High School (1917), Kalamridha Gobinda High School (1927).

Newspapers and periodicals Weekly: Bhanga Khabar.

Cultural organisations Library 3, club 2, cinema hall 1, women's organisation 1, theatre group 1, Shilpakala Academy 1.

Main sources of income Agriculture 55.51%, non-agricultural labourer 2.79%, industry 1.36%, commerce 20.32%, transport and communication 2.77%, service 6.12%, construction 1.22%, religious service' 0.22%, rent and remittance 2.50% and others 7.19%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 58.66%, landless 41.34%; agricultural landowner: urban' 48.36% and rural 60.75%.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, jute, onion, mustard, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sesame, linseed, kaun.

Main fruits Mango, black berry, jackfruit, litchi, banana, palm, papaya, safeda, coconut.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 245, Dairy 60, poultry 64.

Communication facilities Pucca road 100 km, mud road 400 km; waterways 22 nautical miles.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart.

Noted manufactories Rice mill, flour mill, oil mill, ice mill, fertiliser factory, biscuit factory.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, weaving, potteries, umbrella industry, bamboo work, cane work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 45, fairs 4, most noted of which are Bhanga, Deora, Chowkighata, Maligram, Kaolibera, Mansurabad, Gharua and Pukuria Hat and Mukdoba Mela, Bhanga Chaitra Sankranti Mela and Khatra Mela.

Main exports Paddy, wheat, palm molasses, onion seed, vegetables, coconut, safeda.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of this upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 18.62% (rural 54.10% and urban 15.47%) of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 95.03%, tap 0.31%, pond 1.06% and others 3.59.

Sanitation 41.78% (rural 56.65% and urban 38.76%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 51.78% (rural 37.72% and urban 54.63%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 6.44% (rural 5.63% and urban 6.60%) of households do not have latrine facilities.

Heath centres Upazila health complex 1, union health centre 3, family welfare centre 8, satellite clinic 2, community clinic 27, clinic 4.

NGO activities brac, proshika, asa, SEDP. [Profulla Kumar Nandi]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Bhanga Upazila 2007.