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Shibchar Upazila


Shibchar Upazila (madaripur district) area 321.88 sq km, located in between 23°15' and 23°30' north latitudes and in between 90°05' and 90°17' east longitudes. It is bounded by padma river, lohajang and sadarpur upazilas on the north, rajoir and madaripur sadar upazilas on the south, zanjira upazila on the east, bhanga upazila on the west.

Population Total 324438; male 165125, female 159313; Muslim 311430, Hindu 12978, Buddhist 13, Christian 8 and others 9.

Water bodies Main rivers: Padma, kumar, arial khan, Moynakata.

Administration Shibchar Thana was formed in 1930 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

1

18

108

506

27877

296561

1008

51.3

32.6

Municipality

Area (sq km)

Ward

Mahalla

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

8.75

9

15

19780

2261

57.89

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

8.27

2

8097

979

34.65

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Umedpur 94

4856

12197

11662

40.39

Kanthalbari 52

8894

8833

8678

25.75

Kadirpur 47

5100

8476

8126

26.06

Kutubpur 58

3775

10032

9171

32.67

Char Janajat 31

7892

8934

8486

21.09

Datta Para 36

6092

13984

12687

38.87

Ditiyakhanda 42

1895

6098

6143

32.69

Nilakhi 68

1355

7571

7142

33.36

Panch Char 73

3440

9918

9532

38.57

Bandarkhola 11

3461

3178

3170

28.81

Bayratala 15

5388

10838

11365

34.06

Banshkandi 13

4787

10067

10252

27.81

Bhadrasan 21

2371

5652

5414

28.68

Bhandarikandi 26

3357

5714

5772

27.76

Matbarer Char 63

5252

11327

10948

34.26

Shibchar 84

3095

2919

2842

30.54

Siruail 89

3907

10057

9253

40.90

Sannyasir Char 79

4592

9251

8969

28.46

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

ShibcharUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Durga Mandir of Raja Basu, grave of Haji Shariatullah, Bandarkhola Math, Panch Char Math, remnants of Baikuntha Chowdhury Bari and residence of RashuBbabu' (Guatala).

Historical events The great Islamic reformist of Bangladesh haji shariatullah (1781-1840) was born at village Shamail of this upazila. In the nineteenth century faraizi movement was initiated in this region under his leadership, which later on spread all over East Bengal. His son Muhsinuddin Ahmad Alias dudu miyan (1819-1862) re-established the 'Panchayet System' in the Faraizi dominated region; he even formed a lathial bahini (affray fighters) for self defense. The people of this upazila played a distinctive role in the anti British movement and in the war of liberation. The Pak army in collaboration with the local razakars conducted violation of women, killing, torturing and plundering in the upazila; they also set many houses of the upazila on fire. A number of skirmishes were held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army and razakars. The freedom fighters raided the Shibchar Police Station (thana) on 27 November and captured all arms and ammunitions of the thana. In this encounter three freedom fighters were killed. The freedom fighters also captured 17 razakars of the thana who were subsequently shot dead at the playground of Datta Para TN Academy. Shibchar upazila was liberated on 27 November. This day is being observed as the 'Liberated Shibchar' Day'.

Religious institutions Mosque 1256, temple 25, tomb 1, dargah 1, orphanage 3.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 34.2%; male 38.5%, female 29.8%. Educational institutions: college 4, secondary school 31, primary school 175, satellite school 2, community school 11, madrasa 79. Noted educational institutions: Barhamganj Government College (1964), Rijia Begum Mohila College (1985), Elias Ahmed Chowdhury College (2001), Bayratala Ideal College (2001), Nurul Amin College,' Datta Para TN Academy (1934), Bhadrasan GC Academy, Nandakumar Institution (1910), Rajarchar High School (1972), Kanthalbari High School (1962), Sheikh Fazilatunnesa High School (1974), RM High School (1930), Takerhat High School (1952), Bhandarikandi AM High' School (1953), Panchchar High School (1920),' Munsikadirpur' High School (1950), Utrail High School, Khankandi Syed Ashraf Ali High School, Bahadurpur Shariatia Alia' Madrasa.

Cultural organisations Library 4, club 29, shilpakala academy 1, press club 1, cinema hall 4, community centre 15, auditorium 1.

Main sources of income Agriculture 63.95%, non-agricultural labourer 2.16%, industry 0.81%, commerce 14.57%, transport and communication 2.18%, service 6.16%, construction 1.22%, religious service 0.15%, rent and remittance 0.71% and others 8.09%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 65.77%, landless 34.23%; agricultural landowner: urban 46.31% and rural 67.53%.'

Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, pulse, sugarcane, onion, garlic, mustard, betel leaf, ground nut.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Kaun, arahar, china, sesame, mehti.

Main fruits Mango, blackberry, wood apple, tamarind, banana.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries dairy 20, poultry 41, hatchery 3, artificial breeding centre 1.

Communication facilities Pucca road 48.47 km, semi-pucca road 46.50 km, mud road 350 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart.

Noted manufactories Rice mill, flour mill, oil mill, saw mill.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, wood work, potteries, embroidery, bamboo work, cane work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 29, fair 1, most noted of which are Barhamganj Hat, Utrail Hat, Sheikhpur Hat, Datta Para Hat, Takerhat, Chander Char Hat, Matbarer Char Hat and Baishakhi Mela.

Main exports Ground nut, pulse, onion, garlic, betel leaf,' mustard.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 12.36%' of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 96.09%, tap 0.24%, pond 0.32% and others 3.35%.

Sanitation 11.86% (rural 10.14% and urban 30.86%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 80.11% (rural 81.62% and urban 63.39%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 63.39% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family welfare centre 15, satellite clinic 3, veterinary hospital 1.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are asa, brac, CARE. [Md. Shajahan Khan]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Shibchar Upazila 2007.