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Chunarughat Upazila


Chunarughat Upazila (habiganj district) area 495.49 sq km, located in between 24°04' and 24°17' north latitudes and in between 91°22' and 91°39' east longitudes. It is bounded by habiganj sadar and bahubal upazilas on the north, tripura state of India on the south, sreemangal upazila and Tripura state of India on the east, madhabpur upazila on the west. The upazila town is well known as an old business centre.

Population Total 267056; male 134840, female 132216; Muslim204738, Hindu 60584, Buddhist 625, Christian 18 and others 1091. Indigenous communities such as khasia, manipuri belong to this upazila.

Water bodies Khowai and Sutang rivers are notable.

Administration Chunarughat Thana was established in 1914 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

1

10

165

386

8575

258481

539

54.59

43.65

Upazila Town

Area
(sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate
(%)

3.53

3

8575

2476

56.96

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Ahmadabad 09

11850

14216

14040

32.13

Ubahata 95

8354

10370

10356

36.97

Gazipur 38

11500

15963

16095

29.57

Chunarughat 19

5001

12541

12011

41.11

Deorgachh 28

11492

17358

16834

37.15

Paik Para 57

11113

13301

13046

26.28

Mirahi 47

8098

13314

13150

31.36

Ranigaon 66

14552

13913

13609

29.03

Shatiajuri 85

8639

10295

10056

31.10

Sankhola 76

18615

13569

13019

34.33

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001,Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

ChunarughatUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Remnants of the architecture and stone inscription of the Murarbandar Dargah Sharif.

Historical events Rajapur of this upazila was the capital of Tipra king Achaknarayan who was defeated in a battle with the army of Syed Nasiruddin, Commander of the Bengal Sultan Firoj Shah in 1304 AD.

Marks of War of Liberation Mass killing site 1 (Nalua Tea Garden); memorial monument 1.

Religious institutions Mosque 338, temple 29, tomb 5, most noted of which are the tombs of Syed Shah Gada Hasan (R) and Syed Sharful Hasan (R) of village Narapati.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 32.87%; male 37.79%, female 27.92%. Educational institutions: college 2, secondary school 27, primary school 110, kindergarten 1, madrasa 30. Noted educational institutions: Mirashi High School (1887), Rajar Bazar Government High School (1867), Dakkhina Charan Pilot High School (1928), Gazipur High School (1964), Agrani High School (1969), Ubahata Kudratia Dakhil Madrasa (1870), Sankhola Dakhil Madrasa (1928), Gabtala Dakhil Madrasa (1933).

Newspapers and periodicals Weekly Tarafbarta.

Cultural organisations Library 1, club 15, community centre 2, cinema hall 1, auditorium 1, literary association 2, playground 10.

Tourist spots Chandpur and Chandichhara Tea Garden.

Main sources of income Agriculture 54.71%, non-agricultural labourer 16.03%, commerce 8.04%, transport and communication 2.51%, service 3.61%, construction 0.85%, religious service 0.31%, rent and remittance 1.07% and others 12.87%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 48.04%, landless 51.96%; agricultural landowner: urban 55.78% and rural 47.81%.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, sugarcane, bean, potato, sesame, mustard, tea.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed.

Main fruits Mango, black berry, banana, jackfruit, litchi, pineapple.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 25, dairy 40, poultry 52.

Communication facilities Pucca road 37 km, semi-pucca road 121 km; waterway 12 nautical miles.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, soari.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, weaving, potteries, wood work, bamboo work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 23, most noted of which are Chunarughat Bazar, Chandpur Garden Bazar, Amu Road Bazar, Nalmukh Bazar and Haziganj Bazar.

Main exports Tea, paddy.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 25.49% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Mineral resources' Glass sand in the hilly area.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 79.18%, pond 5.75%, tap 5.07% and others 10%.

Sanitation 19.97% (rural 18.65% and urban 63.15%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 59.27% (rural 60.05% and urban 33.60%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 20.76% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, union health and family welfare centre 1, family planning centre 10, maternity and child welfare centre 2, charitable hospital 1, satellite clinic 9, diagnostic centre 1, veterinary hospital 1.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are CARE, brac, asa. [Jayanta Singh Roy]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Chunarughat Upazila 2007.