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Habiganj Sadar Upazila


Habiganj Sadar Upazila (habiganj district) area 253.74 sq km, located in between 24°15' and 24°27' north latitudes and in between 91°19' and 91'30' east longitudes. It is bounded by baniachang and nabiganj upazilas on the north, chunarughat and madhabpur upazilas on the south, bahubal upazila on the east, lakhai upazila on the west.

Population Total 275074; male 140951, female 134123; Muslim 244965, Hindu 29701, Buddhist 90, Christian 89 and others 229.

Water bodies Main rivers: barak, khowai and Sutang; Ratna Beel, Gharbhanga Beel and Kuki Beel are notable.

Administration Habiganj Thana was formed in 1893 and it was turned into an upazila in 1984.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

2

10

157

246

84276

190798

1084

63.09

39.47

Municipality (Habiganj)

Area
(sq km)

Ward

Mahalla

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate
(%)

7.11

9

63

55476

7803

-

Municipality (Shayestaganj)

Area
(sq km)

Ward

Mahalla

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate
(%

12.77

9

29

18165

1412

-

Upazila Town

Area
(sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate
(%)

6.98

2

10635

1524

-

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Gopaya 22

6114

11436

11253

43.05

Tegharia 95

6848

7749

7316

31.81

Nizampur 38

3237

10174

9612

51.09

Nurpur 47

7382

12639

12595

44.00

Poil 57

10104

9584

9294

38.99

Raziura 66

5571

10240

10103

29.04

Richi 76

4856

12674

12042

36.22

Laskarpur 24

3800

10936

10674

44.54

Lukhra 28

7513

11280

10684

29.33

Shayestaganj 85

4931

5729

5419

48.41

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001,Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

HabiganjSadarUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Shankar Pasha Mosque at Uchail (1513 AD).

Religious institutions Mosque 213, temple 17, tomb 13, church 1. Noted religious institutions: Shankar Pasha Mosque at Uchail, Daudnagar Mosque, Machhulia Akhra.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 47.04%; male 51.38%, female 42.54%. Educational institutions: college 4, primary teachers training institute 1, technical college 1, secondary school 20, primary school 146, kindergarten 2, madrasa 16. Noted educational institutions: Habiganj Government Bindaban College, Habiganj Government High School (1843), Fakirabad Government High School (1890), Habiganj High School (1913), Shayestaganj High School (1918), BKGC Government Girls' High School (1923), GK and HK High School (1924), Laskarpur Primary School (1843), Habiganj Government Primary School (1883), Nizampur Dakhil Madrasa (1935), Shayestaganj Kamil Madrasa, Habiganj Daruchchhunnat Senior Madrasa.

Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Swadesh Barta, Khowai, Habiganj Samachar, Pravakar, Pratidener Bani, Ajker Habiganj; weekly: Janatar Dalil.

Cultural organisations Library 7, club 65, Shilpakala Academy 1, music academy 1, auditorium 3, theatre stage 1, theatre group 5, jatra party 1, literary organisation 3, cultural organisation 5, cinema hall 3, community centre 2, playground 7, women organisation 5.

Tourist spots Sultanshi build by the great poet Syed Sultan, ancient dighi of Syed Gaous (R) at Mashajan.

Main sources of income Agriculture 47.13%, non-agricultural labourer 5.72%, commerce 16.79%, transport and communication 4.78%, service 8.74%, construction 2.11%, religious service 0.35%, rent and remittance 2.25% and others 12.13%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 55.68%, landless 44.32%; agricultural landowner: urban 48.16% and rural 58.78%.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, sugarcane, potato, jute, pumpkin, peanut, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Kaun, sesame, linseed.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, banana, litchi, blackberry.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 600, dairy 40, poultry 112, hatchery 11.

Communication facilities Pucca road 74 km, semi-pucca road 43 km, mud road 96 km; railway 27 km; waterway 30 nautical miles.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, soari, bullock cart.

Noted manufactories Biscuit factory, chira (threshed rice) mill, rice mill, saw mill.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, bamboo and wood work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 25, fairs 3, most noted of which are Chowdhury Bazar, Katiadi Bazar, Daudnagar Bazar and Shahibazar and Kalibari Mela.

Main exports Paddy, rice, sugarcane molasses.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification network. However 42.93% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Natural resources Jalalabad Gas Field.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 89.09%, pond 2.63%, tap 4.42% and others 3.86%.

Sanitation 46.22% (rural 36.78% and urban 69.10%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 48.26% (rural 56.92% and urban 27.12%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 5.52% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Hospital 1, Upazila health complex 2, family planning centre 2, Union health and family welfare centre 7, maternity and child welfare centre 1, clinic 3, satellite clinic 3, diagnostic centre 3.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are CARE, brac, asa, Vision. [Md Kabir Hussain]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Habiganj Sadar Upazila 2007.