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Dakshin Surma Upazila


Dakshin Surma Upazila (sylhet district) area 194.26 sq km, located in between 24°43' and 24°54' north latitudes and in between 91°47' and 91°58' east longitudes. It is bounded by sylhet sadar upazila on the north, balaganj and fenchuganj upazilas on the south, golapganj upazila on the east, bishwanath and Balaganj upazilas on the west.

Population Total 188675; male 97113, female 91562; Muslim 181000, Hindu 7653 and others 22.

Water bodies Main rivers: surma and Barvanga; Badaura Beel, Kaisna Beel and Chalta Beel are notable.

Administration Dakshin Surma Thana was established in 1983 and it was turned into an upazila in 2005.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

-

9

102

326

-


188673


971


-


58.70

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Kuchai 45


4021


7311


6588


60.33


Jalalpur 37


7903


13735


13368


52.31


Tentli 85


3544


10253


9894


59.94


Daudpur 30


6717


11762


10649


56.02


Baraikandi 36


2440


7894


7103


64.02


Mogla Bazar 60


9370


12835


12170


56.10


Mollargaon 65


2774


10494


9892


62.81


Lala Bazar 50


4967


9982


9714


56.99


Silam 75


6254


12846


12183


59.72

|} Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

DakshinSurmaUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Jalalpur zamindar bari.

History of the War of Liberation The Pak army entered into the houses of the people and captured a number of people and killed them consequent upon the attempt of resistance by the people of the upazila on 29 March 1971.

Marks of the War of Liberation Memorial monument 1.

Religious institutions Mosque 402, temple 16, church 3, tomb 1.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 58.70%; male 61.85%, female 56.85%. Educational institutions: College 5, higher secondary school 2, secondary school 25, primary school 98, community school 10, kindergarten 46, madrasa 50. Noted educational institutions: Nurjahan Mohila College.

Newspapers and periodicals Weekly Amader Sylhet.

Cultural organisations Club 25, community centre 5, cultural organisation 2, women organisation 2, playground 3.

Main sources of income Agriculture 32.64%, non-agricultural labourer 5.42%, industry 1.20%, commerce 16.44%, transport and communication 3.91%, service 6.64%, construction 5.22%, religious service 0.39%, rent and remittance 10.28% and others 17.86%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 42.49%, landless 57.51%.

Tourist spots Mazar of Jinjhir Arkum Shah.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, scented rice.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sesame, linseed.

Main fruits Mango, pineapple, lemon, Elephant apple, guava.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 30, poultry 5, hatchery 10.

Communication facilities Pucca road 155 km, semi-pucca road 41 km, mud road 294 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage and bullock cart.

Noted Manufactories ' Flour mill, bread and biscuit factory.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 23; most noted of which are Mogla Bazar, Jalalpur Bazar, Lala Bazar.

Main exports Fish.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under electrification net-work. However 49.09% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 70.99%, pond 20.9%, tap 2.38% and others 5.73%. Presence of arsenic in shallow tube-well water of the upazila has been detected.

Sanitation 55.43% of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 36.13% of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 8.42% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Family planning centre 3.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are CARE, brac, asa, tmss, ucep. [Sirajul Islam]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Field report of Dakshin Surma Upazila 2010.