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Sylhet District


Sylhet District (sylhet division) area 3490.40 sq km, located in between 24°36' and 25°11' north latitudes and in between 91°38' and 92°30' east longitudes. It is bounded by Meghalaya state of India on the north, maulvibazar district on the south, assam state of India on the east, sunamganj and habiganj districts on the west.

Population Total 2555566; male 1314317, female 1241249; Muslim 2365728, Hindu 186565, Buddhist 1831, Christian 352 and others 1090. Indigenous communities such as khasia, manipuri and patra (Pathor) belong to this upazila.

Water bodies Main rivers: surma, kushiyara, piyain, Gorai.

District
Area (sq km) Upazila Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural

3490.40

12

4

98

1693

3225

433598

2121968

732

45.59

City Corporation

City Corporation

Metropolitan Thana

Ward

Mahalla

1

6

27

224

Name of Metropolitan Thana

Area (sq km)

Ward and Union

Mahalla and Mouza

Population

Density


(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

Bimanbandar (part)

110.59

2+2 (part)

39

97524

882

58.07

Kotwali

17.22

18

144

168271

9772

71.75

Jalalabad

133.36

4

42

91822

689

37.71

Dakshin Surma (part)

78.82

7

54

114370

1451

62.16

Moglabazar

115.83

4

57

94215

813

55.36

Shah Paran (part)

63.56

6

48

99224

1561

63.38

Others Information of District

Name of Upazila

Area (sq km)

Municipality

Union

Mouza

Village

Population

Density


(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

Kanaighat

412.25

1

9

252

292

216495

525

29.62

Companiganj

278.55

-

3

74

138

113784

408

22.75

Gowainghat

486.10

-

8

260

267

207170

426

22.81

Golabganj

278.34

1

11

108

256

263953

948

48.24

Zakiganj

287.33

1

9

119

276

198399

690

45.22

Jaintiapur

258.69

-

5

160

177

121458

470

35.11

Dakshin Surma

194.26

-

9

102

326

188675

971

58.70

Fenchuganj

114.48

-

3

30

85

95161

831

46.29

Balaganj

389.51

-

14

241

471

256239

358

47.85

Beanibazar

253.22

1

11

145

183

210673

832

52.52

Bishwanath

214.50

-

8

118

446

189775

885

39.94

Sylhet Sadar

323.17

-

8

84

372

493784

1528

59.14

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

SylhetDistrict.jpg

Administration Sylhet district was established on 3 January 1782. Until 1878, Sylhet was under the jurisdiction of dhaka division. In the same year, Sylhet was included in the newly created Assam Province. Municipality was formed in 1878. Up to 1947 (excepting the Banga Bhanga period of 1905-1911) it remained a part of Assam. In 1947, as a result of a referendum, it was attached to the East Pakistan and was in the Chittagong Division. The greater Sylhet was divided into four new districts viz Sylhet, Sunamganj, Habiganj and Maulvibazar in 1983-84. On 1 August 1995 Sylhet was declared as the 6th division of the country. Of the twelve upazilas of the district gowainghat is the largest (486.10 sq km) and fenchuganj is the smallest (114.48 sq km).

History of the War of Liberation On 4 April 1971, a serious encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army in the hospital area of Sylhet Sadar in which a number of Pak soldiers and freedom fighters were killed. On 5 April the freedom fighters caused heavy damages to the Sylhet airport by bomb explosion. To control the situation most of the Pak soldiers of the town rushed to the airport area. Taking advantage of this situation the freedom fighters entered into the Sylhet Jail and liberated about 2500 detainees including freedom fighters. On 19 April, the freedom fighters raided the Airport again. During the war of liberation more than one hundred freedom fighters and civilians were killed in various encounters with the Pak army including at Laltila, Ureatila, Malinichhara Tea Garden, Tultikar, Zindabazar Police Line, Jalalabad of Sylhet sadar upazila. On 6 May the Pak army conducted mass killing at Ilashpur of Balaganj upazila; they also killed 36 persons at Adityapur. Two encounters were held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at Sherpur and Sadipur; the Pak army was defeated in both the encounters. In the month of May the Pak soldiers from Sylhet, shot two malis (gardeners) dead on the first gate of the Fenchuganj Fertilizer Factory premises. Later on, they also shot dead two labourers of the Monipuri Tea Garden. On 28 November, at dead of night, the Pak army launched a surprise attack on village Ujuhat' under Gowainghat upazila and killed 25 freedom fighters. During the War of Liberation the Pak army conducted killing, torturing, plundering and firing in different places of Kanaighat upazila including at Maligram and Gauripur. The Pak army killed many innocent persons including Narayan Sen, Jitendra Das, Bomkesh Chowdhury, Basanta Kumar Das and Dhirendra Kumar Das of Bishwanath upazila. The Pak army used to abduct innocent persons from different places of the Beanibazar upazila and killed them at mass killing sites like the backyard of Dak bungalow of the Beanibazar sadar, thana compound and at the present Shahid Tila area. In different encounters with the Pak army 19 freedom fighters of Companiganj upazila were killed.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 13; mass killing site 9; memorial monument 14; sculpture 1.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 45.59%; male 49.43%, female 41.55. Educational institutions: university 5, medical college 4, technical college 3, college 7, secondary school 44, primary school 115, community school 6, kindergarten 80, madrasa 30. Noted educational institutions: shahjalal university of science and technology (1987), Sylhet Agricultural University, Darul Ihsan University, MAG Osmani Medical College (1975), Sylhet Engineering College, Jalalabad Public School and College, MC College (1889), Sylhet Sanskrit College (1902), Sylhet Government Pilot High School (1836), Raja Jimi High School (1886), Agragami Government Girls' High School (1903), Model High School (1932), Government Madan Mohan College (1940), The Aided High School (1942), Kishori Mohan Girls' School (1944), Hazrat Shah Jajal (R) High School, Hazrat Shah Paran (R) High School, Sylhet' Government Alia Madrasa (1948).

Main sources of income Agriculture 38.58%, non-agricultural labourer 7.73%, industry 0.89%, commerce 14.87%, transport and communication 3.01%, service 7.35%, construction 2.22%, religious service 0.56%, rent and remittance 10.50% and others 14.29%.

Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Sylheter Dak, Ajker Sylhet, Sudin, Jagaran, Sabuj Sylhet, Sylhet Sanglap, Manchitra, Yugveri, Sylhet Bani, Alokito Sylhet, Jalalabad; defunct: Shrihatta Prakash (1875), Paridarshak (1875-80), Srihattamihir (1889), Shrihattabasi (1895), Janashakti (1920), Jugbani (1925), Al Islah, Gyanannesan (1931), Jagaran (1938), Al Jalal (1941), Sylhet Samachar (1977), Sylhet Kantha (1981), Weekly Jalalabad (1982), Daily Jalalabadi (1984), Ajker Vishwa Sangbad (1992), Paridarshak (nineteenth century).

Folk culture The prevalent folk culture of the district include Mursidi song, Marfati song, Lai Haroaba dance, Manipuri dance, Kumari dance, Jhum dance, etc.

Important installations Mazar of shah jalal (r), Mazar of Hazrat shah paran (r), Gour Gobinda Fort, Malnichhara Tea Garden, MAG Osmani International Airport, Osmani Museum, Keen Bridge, Shahi Eidgah and Lalkhal (sylhet sadar); Hakaluki Haor (fenchuganj); Dream Land Park (golabganj). [Ashfaq Hossain]

See also The upazilas under this district.

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Field report of Sylhet District 2010; Field report of different upazilas of Sylhet District 2010.