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Debidwar Upazila


Debidwar Upazila (comilla district) area 238.36 sq km, located in between 23°29' and 23°42' north latitudes and in between 90°59' and 91°05' east longitudes. It is bounded by muradnagar upazila on the north, chandina upazila on the south, burichang and brahmanpara upazilas on the east, Muradnagar upazila on the west.

Population Total 378401; male 190926, female 187475; Muslim 356257, Hindu 22094, Buddhist 11, Christian 20 and others 19.

Water bodies Main rivers: gumti, Buri; Bhinglabari canal, Curzon canal, Hasan Raja dighi, Deo dighi, Pan dighi, Dhamatipal dighi, Jotshna jalmahal and Bhiralla jalmahal are notable.

Administration Debidwar Thana was formed in 1915 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

1

16

142

209

13994

364407

1588

70.08

49.59

Upazila Town

Area
(sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

4.32

2

13994

3239

70.08

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Isabpur 11

2965

8325

8264

49.22

Elahabad 71

4039

12740

12403

51.44

Uttar Gunaighar 53

3075

9535

9880

52.80

Dakshin Gunaighar 59

3484

9783

10018

48.60

Jafarganj 65

2964

12005

11893

48.73

Debidwar 29

4593

22592

22125

54.33

Uttar Dhamti 35

3763

10200

10139

48.29

Dakshin Dhamti 41

4044

14473

11232

45.60

Fatehabad 47

5238

18834

17641

52.31

Bara Shalghar 05

3430

8398

8397

50.67

Barkamta 23

3248

13186

12388

56.33

Bhani 83

3888

11769

11346

43.24

Mohanpur 17

3441

11956

12068

48.75

Rasulpur 89

3307

9387

9282

40.92

Rajamehar 77

3776

10954

10929

47.99

Subil 95

3638

9789

9470

60.67

Source  Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

DebidarUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Baitul Azgar Jami Mosque (Gunaighar), Octagonal Shiva Mandir (Dhamti Bazar).

History of the War of Liberation On 31 March 1971, an encounter was held between the Pak army and the Bangalis on the Comilla-Sylhet highways in which 33 Bangalis were killed. Besides, the Pak army conducted genocides and set many houses on fire on 7 August at Charkamta, 29 September at Jakerganj and on 14 November at Thana Sadar.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 1 (Muktijoddha Chattar).

Religious institutions Mosque 455, temple 27, tomb 9.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 50.39%; male 54.51%, female 46.28%. Educational institutions: college 7, secondary school 47, technical school 3, madrasa 30. Noted educational institutions: Debidwar Reazuddin High School (1918), Gangamandal Raj Institution (1922), Dhamti Islamia Kamil Madrasa (1920).

Newspapers and periodicals Weekly: Debidwar and Comilla Kantha.

Cultural organisations Library 3, club 57, theatre group 1, press club 1.

Tourist spots Debidwar Municipal Park, Debidwar Municipal Children Park.'

Main sources of income Agriculture 54.17%, non-agricultural labourer 1.74%, industry 1.02%, commerce 14.04%, transport and communication 4.57%, service 11.82%, construction 1.22%, religious service 0.33%, rent and remittance 2.90% and others 8.19%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 74.61%, landless 25.39%; agricultural landowner: urban 60.20% and rural 75.17%.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, mustard, corn, potato, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Tobacco, jute, kaun, sesame, peanut, maskalai, masur pulse, gram.

Main fruits Guava, litchi.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 7, dairy 5, poultry 30.

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 80.40 km, semi-pucca 196 km, mud road 211.05 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart, horse carriage.

Noted manufactories Jute mill, cold storage, ice factory, brick field.

Cottage industries Blacksmith, potteries, weaving, net weaving, bamboo work, cane work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 15, most noted of which are Dighirpar and Rasulpur Hat, Ponrar Poush Sankranti Mela and Baishakhi Mela.

Main exports Potato, vegetables.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 38.53% of the dwellings have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 95.17%, tap 0.76%, pond 1.13% and others 3.26%. The presence of arsenic has been detected in the shallow tube-well water of the upazila.

Sanitation 66.35% (rural 65.57% and urban 86.65%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 21.36% (rural 21.74% and urban 11.77%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 12.28% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, hospital 1, family planning centre 12, CMH unit 1.

Natural Disasters The cyclone of 1991 caused death of more than one hundred persons and damages to a number of settlements of the upazila. Besides, huge damages to crops were done in 1988, 1998 and 2004 due to floods caused by damage of the flood protection dam on the river Gumti.

NGO activities brac, Pages, asa, nijera kari. [Md Mahmud Hasan Shamim]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Debidwar Upazila 2007.