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Muradnagar Upazila


Muradnagar Upazila (comilla district) area 339 sq km, located in between 23°30' and 23°48' north latitudes and in between 90°52' and 91°04' east longitudes. It is bounded by nabinagar upazila on the north, chandina and debidwar upazilas on the south, Debidwar, brahmanpara and kasba upazilas on the east, daudkandi, homna and banchharampur upazilas on the west.

Population Total' 468080; male 235307, female 232773; Muslim 429243, Hindu 38775, Buddhist 13, Christian 28 and others 21.

Water bodies Main rivers: gumti, Buri; Curzon Canal is notable.

Administration Muradnagar Thana was formed in 1858 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

-

22

153

301

24070

444010

1381

43.16

38.17

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

13.40

4

24070

1796

43.16

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Akubpur 04

6316

16471

16553

49.73

Andikot 09

5431

14623

14479

38.11

Kanalla 49

4920

8353

8550

36.74

Chapitala 22

5463

6359

6499

47.75

Chhaliakandi 31

2865

8952

8728

34.27

Jahapur 40

4330

12718

13256

37.67

Tanki 91

-

8058

8016

40.53

Darora 27

2922

7861

8069

30.74

Dhamghar 36

5911

17976

18141

40.91

Paschim Nabipur 63

2175

11644

10128

44.63

Purba Nabipur 58

3428

11036

10361

36.64

Paharpur 67

3649

9754

9301

37.79

Paschim Purbadhair 81

2740

8306

8373

32.91

Purba Purbadhair 76

3196

7168

7082

41.23

Paschim Bangara 18

4442

8788

9104

38.96

Purba Bangara 13

2496

8366

8500

42.31

Babuti Para 72

3452

11172

10868

37.13

Muradnagar 54

4920

15581

15355

36.36

Jatrapur 45

3565

8749

8765

30.97

Uttar Ramchandrapur 85

2495

8282

7547

34.71

Dakshin Ramchandrapur 90

2985

8159

7789

27.82

Sreekail 94

7601

16932

17309

37.21

Source  Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

MuradnagarUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Single domed Paharpur Mosque, Sheikh Lal Mosque (Purbadhair), Pir Kasimpur Mosque, Sculpture of Berdeshari (Muradnagar).

Historical events During the Mughal period Muradnagar was under Balda Khal Pargana. The people of this upazila took part in peasant and anti British movements. Direct encounters between the freedom fighters and the Pak army were held during the war of liberation in different places of the upazila in which a number of freedom fighters were killed.

Religious institutions Mosque 280, temple 46, tomb 8, sacred place 1. Noted religious institutions: Bhutail Sarkarbari Mosque, Sonakandha Pirbari Mosque, Kasimpur Pirbari Mosque, Muradnagar Mosque, Nabipur Mandir, Sreekail Kalibari, Ramchandrapur Kalibari.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 38.43%; male 42.51%, female 34.40%. Educational institutions: college 22, secondary school 50, primary school 192, community school 29, madrasa 43. Noted educational institutions: Jahapur KK Academy and College (1914), Sreekail College (1942), DR Government High School (1864), Bangara High School (1887), Gomta Isakia High School, (1910), Ramchandrapur High School (1918).

Newspapers and periodicals Monthly: Bihanga, Muradnagar.

Cultural organisations Library 1, club 40, press club 2, cinema hall 5, playground 32.

Main sources of income Agriculture 50.24%, non-agricultural labourer 2.55%, industry 1.34%, commerce 16.25%, transport and communication 2.72%, service 8.47%, construction 1.09%, religious service 0.42%, rent and remittance 4.80% and others 12.12%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 66.44%, landless 33.56%; agricultural landowner: urban 58.70% and rural 66.88%.'

Main crops Paddy, wheat, masur, kalai, mustard, sesame, linseed.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Jute.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, blackberry, banana.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 1, dairy 2, nursery 14.

Communication facilities Pucca road 66 km, mud road 12 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin.

Noted manufactories Rice mill, ice factory, bidi factory, welding factory.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, embroidery, weaving, bamboo work, cane work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 80, most noted of which are Ramchandrapur Hat, Companiganj Hat, Hatkhola and Piparia Hat.

Main exports Rice, mustard.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 35.33% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 93.74%, tap 0.95%, pond 1.96% and others 3.36%. The presence of arsenic has been detected in the shallow tube-well water of the upazila.

Sanitation 51.37% (rural 51.24% and urban 53.74%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 37.77% (rural 37.77% and urban 37.75%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 10.86% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 17, satellite clinic 7, clinic 42.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs is brac. [Golam Kibria Bhuiyan]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Muradnagar Upazila 2007.