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Debiganj Upazila


Debiganj Upazila (panchagarh district) area 309.04 sq km, located in between 26°00' and 26°19' north latitudes and in between 88°39' and 88°49' east longitudes. It is bounded by boda and panchagarh sadar upazilas on the north, birganj, khansama and nilphamari sadar upazilas on the south, domar upazila and west bengal state of India on the east, thakurgaon sadar and Boda upazilas on the west. There are a number of Indian enclaves in the upazila, most noted of which are Behula Danga, Balapara, Court Bhajni and Dahala Khagrabari.

Population Total 185960; male 94581, female 91379; Muslim 135641, Hindu 49693, Buddhist 274 and others 352. Indigenous communities such as santal, oraon and rajbangshi belong to this upazila.

Water bodies Main rivers: karatoya, atrai, Patharia; Sundar Dighi is notable.

Administration Debiganj Thana was formed in 1928 and it was turned into an upazila on 28 March 1983.'

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

-

10

108

100

11634

174326

602

52.4

40.3

Upazila Town

Area
(sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

8.76

2

11634

1328

52.4

colspan="5" | Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Chilahati 19

12091

11250

10986

40.27

Chengti Hazradanga 9

6311

8056

7804

43.21

Tepriganj 95

9991

10462

9996

39.29

Dandapal 28

6665

8653

8479

48.70

Debiganj 47

6062

11471

11060

44.78

Debidoba 38

7934

9155

8844

38.54

Pamuli 57

5280

6998

6696

41.37

Saldanga 66

6964

7836

7543

42.02

Sundar Dighi 85

5648

8646

8423

39.87

Sonahar Mallikadaha 76

9415

12054

11548

34.63

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

DebiganjUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Revenue office building and residential house of the raja of Kuch Bihar; Jagabandhu Temple, Saldanga Temple.

History of the War of Liberation During the war of liberation in 1971 a number of guerrilla operation were held in this upazila. In the month of November, the Pak army brutally killed 18 innocent persons at Diagari. Debiganj was liberated on 8 December 1971.

Religious institutions Mosque 343, temple 26, church 1. Noted religious institutions: Saheb Bari Mosque, Bhailaganj Mosque, Jagabandhu Temple.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 41.1%; male 47.7%, female 34.3%. Noted educational institutions: Debiganj Degree College (1972), Nripendra Narayan Government High School (1906), Sukatu Pradhan High School (1943), Saldanga Bilateral High School (1964), Sonahar High School (1964), Tepriganj Bilateral High School (1965), Pamuli Bilateral' High School (1966), Bagdaha High School (1967), Debiganj Aldini Girls' High School (1970), Pirafata Primary School (1904), Binoypur Primary School (1905), Bhajani Dakhil Madrasa (1982).

Newspapers and periodicals Quarterly: Chhayapath and Purnnabha.

Cultural organisations Club 32, library 1, cinema hall 3, playground 50, women's organisation 1.

Tourist spots China Bangladesh Friendship Bridge, Chandrima Uddayan, Burujer Danga.

Main sources of income Agriculture 77.69%, non-agricultural labourer 3.15%, commerce 9%, transport and communication 2.87%, service 3.01%, construction 0.54%, religious service 0.22%, rent and remittance 0.07% and others 3.45%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 60.49%, landless 39.51%; agricultural landowner: urban 42.16% and rural 61.60%.

Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, potato, onion, turmeric, ginger, garlic, peanut.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Savory, millet, aus paddy, kaun.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, litchi, papaya, banana, guava.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries This upazila has a number of fisheries, dairies and poultries.'

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 59 km, semi-pucca 5 km, mud road 500 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart, horse carriage.

Cottage industries Goldsmith 8, blacksmith 40, potteries 11, weaving 40, embroidery 60, wood work 30.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 40, fair 1, most noted of which are Debiganj, Kaliganj, Bhawlaganj, Saldanga, Dhulajhari, Fulbari, Sona, Lakshmi and Mallikadaha Club's hats.

Main exports Potato, peanut, pebble stone, silicon sand.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 6.10% dwellings have access to electricity.

Natural resources Pebble stone, silicon sand.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 84.73%, pond 0.31%, tap 0.19% and others 14.77%.

Sanitation 13.60% (rural 11.53% and urban 47.80%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 32.88% (rural 33.43% and urban 23.75%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 53.52% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic 4, clinic 10, family planning centre 8.

Natural Disasters Many people died of starvation during the famine of 1943. The flood of 1968 caused heavy damages to settlements, livestock and properties of the upazila.

NGO activities brac, asa, CARE, proshika. [Md Ahsan Habib]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Debiganj Upazila 2007.