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Dewanganj Upazila


Dewanganj Upazila (jamalpur district) area 266.59 sq km, located in between 25°06' and 25°26' north latitudes and in between 89°40' and 89°51' east longitudes. It is bounded by char rajibpur upazila on the north, islampur upazila on the south, bakshiganj upazila and Meghalaya state of India on the east, gaibandha sadar and fulchhari upazilas on the west.

Population Total 229307; male 115291, female 114016; Muslim 225316, Hindu 3807 and others 184.

Water bodies Main rivers: brahmaputra, old brahmaputra, jamuna, Jinjiram.

Administration Dewanganj Thana was formed in 1874 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

1

8

47

164

44611

184696

860

38.1

23.2

Municipality

Area
(sq km)

Ward

Mahalla

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate
(%)

20.65

9

43

35779

1733

41.7

Upazila Town

Area
(sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate
(%)

7.73

2

8832

1147

23.2

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Char Aomkhaoa 29


9170


17366


17338


21.26


Chikajani 36


4576


8214


8051


26.14


Chukaibari 43


6867


4183


4509


20.15


Dangdhara 51


10446


15126


15695


24.03


Dewanganj 58


6040


9554


9498


26.73


Par Ramrampur 87


9341


16692


16060


22.28


Bahadurabad 17


10583


16847


16121


22.79


Hatebhanga 65


4619


9179


9095


22.86

|} Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

DewanganjUpazila.jpg

History of the War of Liberation On 30 July 1971, a direct encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at Bahadurabad Ghat; on the third day of the encounter the freedom fighters disrupted the railway communication of the Bahadurabad Ghat. Dewanganj was liberated on 9 December 1971.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 3.

Religious institutions Mosque 322, temple 7.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 26.3%; male 30.4%, female 22.2%. Educational institutions: college 3, secondary school 28, primary school 128, vocational school 3, satellite school 16, community school 2, kindergarten 12, madrasa 82. Noted educational institutions: AK Memorial College (1970), Dewanganj Government High School (1919), Sanandabari High School (1967).

Cultural organisations Library 30, club 20, cinema hall 3, theatre group 1, women and child welfare society 15, playground 31.

Main sources of income Agriculture 68.49%, non-agricultural labourer 5.28%, industry 0.27%, commerce 9.07%, transport and communication 1.75%, service 4.94%, construction 0.82%, religious service 0.17%, rent and remittance 0.08% and others 9.13%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 48.40%, landless 51.60%; agricultural landowner: urban 34.41% and rural 52.10%.

Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, mustard, sugarcane, potato, gram, masur, vegetables.'

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Peanut, kaun.

Main fruits Mango, banana, coconut, water-melon, futi.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Cattle breeding centre 1, hatchery 1.

Communication facilities Pucca road 138.4 km, semi-pucca road 20 km, mud road 474 km; railway 9.1 km; waterway 15 nautical miles.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin.

Noted manufactories Sugar mill, oil mill, rice mill, ice cream factory.

Cottage industries Blacksmith, potteries, handicrafts, bamboo and wood work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 16, fairs 2, most noted of which are Sanandabari Hat, Char Magurihat, Beltali Bazar, Zhalur Char Bazar and Dewanganj Mela.

Main exports Jute, rice, mustard, potato.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 8.78% (urban 22.45% and rural 5.16%) of the dwelling households have access to electricity.'

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 90.39%, tap 0.54%, pond 0.26% and others 8.81%.

Sanitation 17.56% (urban 41.60% and rural 11.20%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 45.02% (urban 29.71% and rural 49.07) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 37.42% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic 2, family planning centre 8, community clinic 29, diagnostic centre 4.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa. [Sayed Md Abdullah Al Mamun Chowdhury]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Dewanganj Upazila 2007.