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Fulchhari Upazila


Fulchhari Upazila (gaibandha district) area 306.53 sq km, located in between 25°06' and 25°23' north latitudes and in between 89°34' and 89°46' east longitudes. It is bounded by gaibandha sadar upazila on the north, saghatta and islampur upazila on the south, dewanganj upazila on the east, Gaibandha Sadar and Saghatta upazilas on the west. Vast area of the upazila is char land.

Population 'Total 137795; male 69816, female 67979; Muslim 132075, Hindu 5464 and others 256.

Water bodies Main rivers: brahmaputra, old brahmaputra, jamuna.

Administration Fulchhari Thana was formed on 25 February 1855 and it was turned into an upazila in 1984.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

1

13

104

137

62565

333454

984

44.0

35.2

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

42.40

5

62565

1476

44.0

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Achim Patuli 11

8694

15026

13819

40.18

Enayetpur 41

9785

11862

11515

37.62

Kaladaha 53

6538

11681

11530

36.98

Kushmail 59

7540

20094

20027

33.37

Deokhola 35

3360

10503

9905

38.29

Naogaon 77

7032

12048

11749

26.37

Putijana 83

7199

17501

17340

29.32

Fulbaria 47

2344

25565

24495

41.69

Bakta 17

7625

18045

17528

40.93

Balian 23

6516

15445

15938

34.64

Bhabanipur 29

7364

13498

12357

36.63

Rangamatia 94

8664

10387

10027

39.55

Radhakanai 89

9387

19496

18638

32.60

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001,Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

FulchhariUpazila.jpg

Historical events In 1956 a three-day peasant conference convened by Maulana abdul hamid khan bhasani was held at Sardarer Char. The historic tebhaga movement spread over the upazila in 1946. The Pak army conducted indiscriminate genocide, rape, plundering and violation of women in the upazila; they also set many houses on fire. An encounter between the freedom fighters and the Pak army and razakars was held at Uria in which a number of Pak soldiers and razakars were killed; the freedom fighters also captured huge amount of arms and ammunitions of the Pak army. In an encounter with the Pak army at Fazlupur one freedom fighter was killed. On 3 December the freedom fighters attacked the Fulchhari Police Station and captured huge amount of arms and ammunitions. On 4 December an encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at Fulchhari in which 27 Pak soldiers were killed and so were 5 freedom fighters. Fulchhari upazila was liberated on 9 December.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 1, mass killing site 2 (Fulchhari, Kaiyerhat).

Religious institutions Mosque 245, temple 6.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 27.7%; male 33.2%, female 22.1%. Educational institutions: college 1, secondary school 8, primary school 69, madrasa 15. Noted educational institutions: Fulchhari Pilot High School (1940), Kanchipara Academy (1960).

Cultural organisations Club 9, women society 5, playground 8.'

Main sources of income Agriculture 75.15%, non-agricultural labourer 3.35%, industry 0.52%, commerce 8.11%, transport and communication 2.49%, service 3.46%, construction 1.23%, religious service 0.22%, rent and remittance 0.44% and others 5.03%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 60.03%, landless 39.97%; agricultural landowner: urban 24.53% and rural 61.71%.'

Main crops Paddy, wheat, sugarcane, maize, jute, black gram, onion, chili, mustard, peanut, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Barley, kaun, sweet potato.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, banana, papaya.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 212, dairy 28, poultry 44, hatchery 15.

Communication facilities Pucca road 27.61 km, mud road 163.56 km; railway 5 km, waterway 59.40 nautical miles.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart.

Noted manufactories Rice mill, saw mill, printing press.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, bidi factory, wood work, cane work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 12, fairs 2, most noted of which are Kanchipara Hat, Udakhali Hat, Fulchhari Hat and Aushtami Mela at Fulchhari Bazar.

Main exports Mustard, peanut, black gram, onion, chili, vegetables.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 5.01% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 91.14%, tap 0.28%, pond 0.44% and others 8.14%.

Sanitation 11.70% (rural 11.77% and urban 10.28%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 39.39% (rural 38.78% and urban 52.21%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 48.91% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, union health centre 1, health and family welfare centre 3, satellite clinic 42.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, CARE, proshika. [Zahurul Qayum]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Fulchhari Upazila 2007.