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Gosairhat Upazila


Gosairhat Upazila (shariatpur district) area 198.77 sq km, located in between 23°05' and 23°10' north latitudes and in between 90°20' and 90°34' east longitudes. It is bounded by damudya and bhedarganj upazilas on the north, muladi and hizla upazilas on the south, haimchar upazila on the east, kalkini upazila on the west.

Population Total 152558; male 76658, female 75900; Muslim 145493, Hindu 7048 and others 17.

Water bodies Main rivers: meghna, Jayanti.

Administration Gosairhat Thana was formed in 1921 and it was turned into an upazila in1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

-

8

99

225

9277

143281

768

48.2

29.68

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

4.33

2

9277

2142

48.22

Union

Name of union and GO code

Area
(acre))

Population

Literacy rate

(%)

Male

Female

Idilpur 35

6953

15904

15708

40.02

Kodalpur 47

9620

11675

11395

20.51

Gariber Char 11

10068

8010

7940

26.05

Gosairhat 23

4058

4860

4767

28.68

Nalmuri 71

2426

5551

6061

27.05

Nager Para 59

6256

11954

12196

37.95

Samantasar 83

2099

3847

4146

36.95

Kuchaipatti

7131

10000

9267

20.19

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001,Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Haturia Miahbari Jami Mosque (1878).

GosairhatUpazila.jpg

History of the War of Liberation During the war of liberation, five freedom fighters of this upazila were killed in encounters with the Pak army. The razakars killed many people of the upazila; they also conducted indiscriminate ravages.

Marks of the War of Liberation Memorial monument 1.

Religious institutions Mosque 450, temple 30, ashram 2.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 31.74%; male 35.50%, female 28.01%. Educational institutions: college 1, primary teachers training institute 1, secondary school 12, primary school 77, community school 14, kindergarten 5, madrasa 5. Noted educational institutions: Shamsur Rahman Degree College, Idilpur Pilot High School (1894), Nager Para Secondary School, Idilpur Government Primary School.

Cultural organisations Library 2, club 2, community centre 1, music academy 1, shilpakala academy 1, cinema hall 1, auditorium 1, cultural organisation 1, women's organisation 2, playground 2.

Main sources of income Agriculture 71.08%, non-agricultural labourer 3.88%, industry 0.52%, commerce 9.86%, transport and communication 1.29%, service 4.70%, construction 0.66%, religious service 0.31%, rent and remittance 0.50% and others 7.20%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 63.61%, landless 36.39%.

Main crops Paddy, jute, betel leaf, mustard, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, blackcumin, sweet potato.

Main fruits Jackfruit, mango.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 24, dairy 28, poultry 70.

Communication facilities Pucca road 113 km, semi-pucca road 26.53 km, mud road 214.74 km; waterway 2.5 nautical miles; culvert 312, bridge 170.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin.

Noted manufactories Rice mill, ice cream factory.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, embroidery.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 20, fairs 2, most noted of which are Gosairhat Hat, Haturia Bazar, Nager Para Bazar.

Main exports Betel leaf, jute, vegetables.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 10.13% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 88.80%, tap 0.2%, pond 3.97% and others 7.03%. The presence of arsenic in an intolerable level has been detected in 1400 shallow tube-wells (50% of the total tube-well) of the upazila.

Sanitation 29.62% of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 58.55% of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 11.83% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 6, clinic 8, charitable dispensary 1, diagnostic centre 5, veterinary hospital 1.

NGO activities brac, asa, SKS, SDS. [Majedul Haque]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Gosairhat Upazila 2007.