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Jamalpur Sadar Upazila


Jamalpur Sadar Upazila (jamalpur district) area 489.56 sq km, located in between 24°42' and 24°58' north latitudes and in between 89°52' and 90°12' east longitudes. It is bounded by sherpur sadar and nakla upazilas on the north, madhupur, dhanbari and muktagachha upazilas on the south, Muktagachha and mymensingh sadar upazilas on the east, melandaha, madarganj and sarishabari upazilas on the west.

Population Total 568726; male 290159, female 278567; Muslim 556986, Hindu 10807, Buddhist 299, Christian 36 and others 598. Indigenous communities such as garo and koch belong to this upazila.

Water bodies Main rivers: old brahmaputra, banar, Madardhaw; Bamunji, Singar, Chatal, Bubil and Raoha beels are notable.

Administration Jamalpur Sadar Thana was formed in 1853 and it was turned into an upazila 1983. Municipality was established in 1869.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

1

15

300

353

128163

440563

1162

55.5

34.9

Municipality

Area
(sq km)

Ward

Mahalla

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate
(%)

53.28

12

79

120955

2270

55.1

Upazila Town

Area
(sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate
(%)

1.88

1

7208

3814

61.83

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Itail 23

6287

11933

11523

35.71

Kendua 35

6630

16670

16290

38.02

Ghoradhap 17

7423

13426

12969

34.67

Titpalla 89

7303

15979

15545

37.26

Tulsir Char 95

8506

13139

12290

24.69

Digpaith 19

6714

15558

15016

29.34

Narundi 53

6437

13963

13388

35.00

Banshchara 13

8948

13329

12640

40.78

Meshta 47

6006

15708

15232

33.21

Rashidpur 65

6861

14013

13471

31.51

Ranagachha 59

7358

19290

18845

47.50

Lakshmir Char 41

6424

12920

11824

27.00

Sharifpur 77

7150

21471

21055

41.19

Sahabajpur 71

8779

18072

17650

33.25

Sreepur 83

6982

12629

11933

31.38

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

JamalpurSadarUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Tomb of Hazrat Shah Jamal (R), Dayamayee Mandir, Radhanath Jeur Mandir.

History of the War of Liberation On 7 June 1971 the Pak army captured a number of people from the Boushi Special Train and took them to the WAPDA military camp. On 21 June, the Pak army killed 9 persons at the Shashan Ghat (cremation centre) on the bank of the Brahmaputra.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 1; mass killing site 1; memorial monument 1.

Religious institutions Mosque 782, temple 16, church 7, pagoda 1, sacred place 1.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 39.7%; male 42.6%, female 36.7%. Educational institutions: university 5, college 2, secondary school 8, vocational training institute 1. Noted educational institutions: Government Ashek Mahmud College (1946), Government Jaheda Safir Mahila College (1967), Jamalpur Zilla School (1881), Jamalpur Government Girls' High School (1882), Shinghajani Girls' High School (1901), Shinghajani Multilateral High School (1918), Kaidola Sahabajpur High School (1920), Bangladesh High School (1924), Shreerampur Multilateral High School (1927), Rashidpur NU Fazil Madrasa (1930), Nandina Maharani Hemanta Kumari Pilot High School (1935).

Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Janabangla, Pallir Alo; weekly: Sachetan Kantha, Purba Kantha, Jamalpur Sambad, Janak, Jamalpur Satdin, Jagat, Nabatan, Jhenai, Urmee Bangla, Jamalpur Barta, Kalakal, Mukta Alo, Pallibani; Sahitya Patrika: Patai Patai, Lok, Riddhi, chhande Jhinai.

Cultural organisations Club 67, library 10, cinema hall 4, theatre stage 1, opera party 10, theatre group 13, women organisation 10, playground 58.

Tourist spots Sholakuri Hill at Nandina, Ranipukur Dighi at Sreepur, Harishchandra Dighi at Chandra.

Main sources of income Agriculture 57.48%, non-agricultural labourer 3.51%, industry 0.81%, commerce 13.44%, transport and communication 4.75%, service 7.80%, construction 1.84%, religious service 0.19%, rent and remittance 0.45% and others 9.73%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 55.76%, landless 44.24; agricultural landowner: urban 41.37% and rural 59.61%.

Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, potato, brinjal, onion, garlic, betel leaf, mulberry, mustard, sugarcane, sweet potato.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sesame, linseed, kaun, arahar.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, litchi, banana, papaya, plum, custard apple, pineapple.

Fisheries, dairies, poultries Fishery 34, dairy 14, poultry 32, hatchery 4.

Communication facilities Pucca road 110 km, semi-pucca road 185 km, mud road 690 km; waterway 86 nautical miles; railway 48.5 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart.

Noted manufactories Chemical industry, fertilizer factory, spices mill, rice mill, flour mill, oil mill, ice cream factory, chira (threshed rice) mill.

Cottage industries Weaving, embroidery, bidi factory, plastic goods bangle factory, toys goods, glass industry.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 52, fairs 2, most noted of which are Nandina Bazar, Anandaganj Bazar, Narundi Bazar, Kendua Bazar and Hazipur Bazars; Dayamayee Mela, Gopalpur Mela, Chaitra Sankranti Mela at Narundi and Austamir Mela at Upazila Sadar.

Main exports Jute, leather, onion, garlic, betel leaf, brinjal, pineapple, potato.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 28.70% (urban 58.76% and rural 20.65%) of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 89.91%, tap 0.77%, pond 0.21% and others 9.11%.

Sanitation 24.70% (rural 20.60% and urban 37.05%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 42.48% (rural 40.71 and urban 49.11%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 33.44% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Hospital 1, railway hospital 1, satellite clinic 10, community clinic 60, maternity 1, diabetic hospital 1, leprosy clinic 1, TB clinic 1, dental clinic 1, eye hospital 1, private health complex 3, charitable hospital 1.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are asa, brac, Samaj Pragati Sangstha, Progress. [MA Rahim Talukder]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Jamalpur Sadar Upazila 2007.